Super Formula

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Super Formula
Super Formula Series logo.gif
Category Single seaters
Country Japan Japan
Inaugural season 1973
Drivers 19
Teams 11
Constructors Dallara
Engine suppliers Toyota, Honda
Tire suppliers Bridgestone[1]
Drivers' champion Japan Naoki Yamamoto
Teams' champion Petronas Team TOM'S
Official website http://superformula.net/
Motorsport current event.svg Current season

Super Formula—formerly known as Formula Nippon—is a type of formula racing and the top level of single-seater racing in Japan.

Formula Nippon evolved from the Japanese Formula 2000 series begun in 1973 by way of the Japanese Formula Two and Japanese Formula 3000 championships. For the most part, the Japanese racing series have closely followed their European counterparts in terms of technical regulations, but there have been some important exceptions.

History[edit]

The previous Formula Nippon logo.

When European Formula 2 ended in 1984, its Japanese counterpart did not follow suit, continuing to use Formula 2 regulations (with almost-exclusively 2.0 L Honda engines) for another three years, finally switching to the open Formula 3000 standard in 1987. Once again, Japanese and European regulations paralleled one another, until 1996, when the International Formula 3000 series became a one-make format to lower costs. The Japanese Formula broke away at this time, and made it official by changing the series name to Formula Nippon.

Until recently, Formula Nippon was an open formula, where a variety of chassis builders and engine manufacturers could compete. Chassis were supplied by Lola, Reynard, and G-Force, while Mugen-Honda supplied the vast majority of the engines (though Cosworth engines were found in the Formula 3000 era). However, with the bankruptcy of Reynard in 2002, and the withdrawal of G-Force a year earlier, Formula Nippon once again followed F3000's lead in becoming a one-make series. Formula Nippon cars were now all Lola B03/50 chassis powered by Mugen-Honda engines; however, unlike F3000, engines in Formula Nippon are open-tuned by private companies.

In 2006 Formula Nippon underwent a drastic revision of its regulations. The current Lola B03/50 chassis was replaced by a new Lola FN06 chassis, while the engine formula underwent drastic revision. Blocks were provided by Toyota and Honda, using the same block specifications as found in the 2005 Indy Racing League, with open-tuning still permitted.

The 2006 season got off to one of the strangest starts in motorsport history. Because of heavy rain, the opener at Fuji was called after two safety car laps, and Benoît Tréluyer awarded the win with half points awarded.

However, despite the more technically demanding regulations, Formula Nippon remains a national series, with second tier status compared to the pan-European GP2 Series and its predecessor Formula 3000. Foreign drivers have always been regular participants in Formula Nippon, and there have been several drivers to come from a Japanese Formula 3000 or Formula Nippon drive to a prominent Formula One role; the best-known of these are Eddie Irvine, Ralf Schumacher, the 1996 Formula Nippon champion, and Pedro de la Rosa, the 1997 Formula Nippon champion.

Nowadays, many Formula Nippon drivers double in the Japanese Super GT championship.

The latest Formula Nippon chassis, the Swift FN09 (also known as the Swift 017.n), introduced in the 2009 season.

Swift Engineering in San Clemente, California has produced the chassis that is in use since the 2009 season.

The new for 2014 Dallara SF14 was unveiled in Tokyo on 25 March 2013. The new car will take over from the Swift FN09 to become the base chassis for the series. The car weighs 650kg and will be powered by two litre turbo engines from Honda, Toyota and possibly Nissan, similar to the specification to be used in the Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters and in Super GT GT500 (any DTM or Super GT500 manufacturer can participate). It will also has the DRS feature as in Formula 1. 30% of the car is manufactured in Japan.[2]

Scoring System[edit]

  • Points are awarded in line with the standard FIA system used from 2003 to 2009, but with a bonus point given for pole position.
Position 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th Pole
Points 10 8 6 5 4 3 2 1 1

Champions[edit]

Season Series Name Champion Team Champion
1973 All-Japan Formula 2000 Japan Motoharu Kurosawa Not awarded
1974 All-Japan Formula 2000 Japan Noritake Takahara
1975 All-Japan Formula 2000 Japan Kazuyoshi Hoshino
1976 All-Japan Formula 2000 Japan Noritake Takahara
1977 All-Japan Formula 2000 Japan Kazuyoshi Hoshino
1978 Japanese Formula Two Japan Kazuyoshi Hoshino
1979 Japanese Formula Two Japan Keiiji Matsumoto
1980 Japanese Formula Two Japan Masahiro Hasemi
1981 Japanese Formula Two Japan Satoru Nakajima
1982 Japanese Formula Two Japan Satoru Nakajima
1983 Japanese Formula Two United Kingdom Geoff Lees
1984 Japanese Formula Two Japan Satoru Nakajima
1985 Japanese Formula Two Japan Satoru Nakajima
1986 Japanese Formula Two Japan Satoru Nakajima
1987 Japanese Formula 3000 Japan Kazuyoshi Hoshino
1988 Japanese Formula 3000 Japan Aguri Suzuki
1989 Japanese Formula 3000 Japan Hitoshi Ogawa
1990 Japanese Formula 3000 Japan Kazuyoshi Hoshino
1991 Japanese Formula 3000 Japan Ukyo Katayama
1992 Japanese Formula 3000 Italy Mauro Martini
1993 Japanese Formula 3000 Japan Kazuyoshi Hoshino
1994 Japanese Formula 3000 Italy Marco Apicella
1995 Japanese Formula 3000 Japan Toshio Suzuki
1996 Formula Nippon Germany Ralf Schumacher Team LeMans
1997 Formula Nippon Spain Pedro de la Rosa Team Nova
1998 Formula Nippon Japan Satoshi Motoyama Team LeMans
1999 Formula Nippon Netherlands Tom Coronel Nakajima Racing
2000 Formula Nippon Japan Toranosuke Takagi Nakajima Racing
2001 Formula Nippon Japan Satoshi Motoyama Team 5Zigen
2002 Formula Nippon Republic of Ireland Ralph Firman Nakajima Racing
2003 Formula Nippon Japan Satoshi Motoyama Team Impul
2004 Formula Nippon United Kingdom Richard Lyons Docomo Team Dandelion Racing
2005 Formula Nippon Japan Satoshi Motoyama Team Impul
2006 Formula Nippon France Benoît Tréluyer Team Impul
2007 Formula Nippon Japan Tsugio Matsuda Team Impul
2008 Formula Nippon Japan Tsugio Matsuda Team Impul
2009 Formula Nippon France Loïc Duval Nakajima Racing
2010 Formula Nippon Brazil João Paulo de Oliveira Team Impul
2011 Formula Nippon Germany André Lotterer Petronas Team TOM'S
2012 Formula Nippon Japan Kazuki Nakajima Petronas Team TOM'S
2013 Super Formula Japan Naoki Yamamoto Team Mugen

References[edit]

External links[edit]