Japanese House of Councillors election, 1956

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Post-election composition of the House of Councillors
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House of Councillors elections were held in Japan on July 8, 1956[1] electing half the seats in the House plus two vacant seats in the other half. The Liberal Democratic Party won the most seats, but failed to win a majority. It was the first national election under the 1955 System, approximately a two party system of Ichirō Hatoyama's Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) that was created in the "conservative merger" of 1955 and Suzuki Mosaburō's reunified Japan Socialist Party (JSP). The later dominant LDP failed to win a majority.

A key campaign issue was Prime Minister Ichirō Hatoyama's plan to revise Article 9 of the constitution – any change of the constitution requires a two-thirds majority in both chambers of the Diet. The left parties aimed to win at least a third of seats to prevent any constitutional change. Another issue was the government's plan to replace the elected prefectural boards of education with appointed ones, a plan fiercely opposed by the left: In June 1956, on the LDP's request the police intervened in the "deliberations" in the Diet when Socialist Councillors resorted to violence.

Results[edit]

Two by-elections for the class of Councillors elected in 1953 were held simultaneously: The candidates with the 51st and 52nd highest vote shares in the national vote (one Socialist and one Liberal Democrat) were elected for three-year terms.

Party Constituency National Total
seats
Not
up
Post-election
composition
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Liberal Democratic Party 14,353,960 48.4 42 11,356,874 39.7 19 61 61 122
Japan Socialist Party 11,156,060 37.6 28 8,549,940 29.9 21 49 31 80
Japanese Communist Party 1,149,009 3.9 1 599,254 2.1 1 2 0 2
Ryokufūkai 653,843 2.2 0 2,877,102 10.1 5 5 26 31
Workers and Farmers Party 120,414 0.4 0 181,524 0.6 0 0 0 0
Other parties 115,862 0.4 0 607,832 2.1 1 1[2] 0 1
Independents 2,136,498 7.2 4 4,443,886 15.5 5 9 5 14
Invalid/blank votes - - - - - - -
Total 29,685,646 100 75 28,616,411 100 52 127 123 '250
Source: Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Table 13: Persons Elected and Votes Polled by Political Parties - Ordinary Elections for the House of Councillors (1947–2004) Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications
  2. ^ only elected candidate: Takenaka Tsuneo for the Japan Dentists' Federation (Nihon shika ishi renmei), later joined LDP