Japanese Industrial Standards

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For character encoding used in representing the Japanese language for computer software and communication, see JIS encoding.
The old JIS symbol (used until September 30, 2008). This symbol has been included in Unicode since version 1.0.1 as U+3004 〄 JAPANESE INDUSTRIAL STANDARD SYMBOL
JIS symbol (adopted October 1, 2005). No Unicode symbol exists, nor does a proposal for inclusion.

Japanese Industrial Standards (JIS) (日本工業規格 Nippon Kōgyō Kikaku?) specifies the standards used for industrial activities in Japan. The standardization process is coordinated by the Japanese Industrial Standards Committee and published through the Japanese Standards Association.

History[edit]

In the Meiji era, private enterprises were responsible for making standards although the Japanese government did have standards and specification documents for procurement purposes for certain articles, such as munitions.

These were summarized to form an official standard (old JES) in 1921. During World War II, simplified standards were established to increase matériel output.

The present Japanese Standards Association was established after Japan's defeat in World War II in 1945. The Japanese Industrial Standards Committee regulations were promulgated in 1946, Japanese standards (new JES) was formed.

The Industrial Standardization Law was enacted in 1949, which forms the legal foundation for the present Japanese Industrial Standards (JIS).

The Industrial Standardization Law was revised in 2004 and the "JIS mark" (product certification system) was changed; since October 1, 2005, the new JIS mark has been applied upon re-certification. Use of the old mark was allowed during the three-year transition period (until September 30, 2008), and every manufacturer obtaining new or renewing certification under the authority's approval has been able to use the new JIS mark. Therefore all JIS-certified Japanese products have had the new JIS mark since October 1, 2008.

Standards classification and numbering[edit]

Standards are named like "JIS X 0208:1997", where X denotes area division, followed by four digits (or five digits for some of the standards corresponding ISO standards), and the revision release year. Divisions of JIS and significant standards are:

  • A – Civil Engineering and Architecture
  • B – Mechanical Engineering
    • JIS B 7021-1989 – Classification and Water Resistibility of Water Resistant Watches for General Use
    • JIS B 7512-1993 – Steel tape measures
    • JIS B 7516-1987 – Metal Rules
  • C – Electronic and Electrical Engineering
    • JIS C 0920:2003 – Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code)
    • JIS C 7012 Type designation system for discrete semiconductor devices
    • JIS C 8800 Glossary of terms for fuel cell power systems
  • D – Automotive Engineering
  • E – Railway Engineering
  • F – Ship building
  • G – Ferrous Materials and Metallurgy
  • H – Nonferrous materials and metallurgy[1]
    • JIS H 2105 – Pig lead
    • JIS H 2107 – Zinc ingots
    • JIS H 2113 – Cadmium metal
    • JIS H 2116 – Tungsten powder and tungsten carbide powder
    • JIS H 2118 – Aluminum alloy ingots for die castings
    • JIS H 2121 – Electrolytic cathode copper
    • JIS H 2141 – Silver bullion
    • JIS H 2201 – Zinc alloy ingots for die casting
    • JIS H 2202 – Copper alloy ingots for castings
    • JIS H 2211 – Aluminium alloy ingots for castings
    • JIS H 2501 – Phosphor copper metal
    • JIS H 3100 – Copper and copper alloy sheets, plates and strips
    • JIS H 3110 – Phosphor bronze and nickel silver sheets, plates and strips
    • JIS H 3130 – Copper beryllium alloy, copper titanium alloy, phosphor bronze, copper-nickel-tin alloy and nickel silver sheets, plates and strips for springs
    • JIS H 3140 – Copper bus bars
    • JIS H 3250 – Copper and copper alloy rods and bars
    • JIS H 3260 – Copper and copper alloy wires
    • JIS H 3270 – Copper beryllium alloy, phosphor bronze and nickel silver rods, bars and wires
    • JIS H 3300 – Copper and copper alloy seamless pipes and tubes
    • JIS H 3320 – Copper and copper alloy welded pipes and tubes
    • JIS H 3330 – Plastic covered copper tubes
    • JIS H 3401 – Pipe fittings of copper and copper alloys
    • JIS H 4000 – Aluminium and aluminium alloy sheets and plates, strips and coiled sheets
    • JIS H 4001 – Painted aluminium and aluminium alloy sheets and strips
    • JIS H 4040 – Aluminium and aluminium alloy rods, bars and wires
    • JIS H 4080 – Aluminium and aluminium alloys extruded tubes and cold-drawn tubes
    • JIS H 4090 – Aluminium and aluminium alloy welded pipes and tubes
    • JIS H 4100 – Aluminium and aluminium alloy extruded shape
    • JIS H 4160 – Aluminium and aluminium alloy foils
    • JIS H 4170 – High purity aluminium foils
    • JIS H 4301 – Lead and lead alloy sheets and plates
    • JIS H 4303 – DM lead sheets and plates
    • JIS H 4311 – Lead and lead alloy tubes for common industries
    • JIS H 4461 – Tungsten wires for lighting and electronic equipments
    • JIS H 4463 – Thoriated tungsten wires and rods for lighting and electronic equipment
    • JIS H 4631 – Titanium and titanium alloy tubes for heat exchangers
    • JIS H 4635 – Titanium and titanium alloy welded pipes
    • JIS H 5401 – White metal
    • JIS H 8300 – Thermal spraying―zinc, aluminium and their alloys
    • JIS H 8601 – Anodic oxide coatings on aluminium and aluminium alloys
    • JIS H 8602 – Combined coatings of anodic oxide and organic coatings on aluminium and aluminium alloys
    • JIS H 8615 – Electroplated coatings of chromium for engineering purposes
    • JIS H 8641 – Zinc hot dip galvanizings
    • JIS H 8642 – Hot dip aluminized coatings on ferrous products
  • K – Chemical Engineering
  • L – Textile Engineering
  • M – Mining
  • P – Pulp and Paper
    • JIS P 0138-61 (JIS P 0138:1998): process finished paper size (ISO 216 with a slightly larger B series)
  • Q – Management System
    • JIS Q 9001 - Quality management systems - requirements
    • JIS Q 14001 - Environment management systems - requirements with guidance for use
    • JIS Q 15001 - Personal information protection management systems - requirements
    • JIS Q 20000-1 - IT service management - specification
    • JIS Q 27001 - Information security management systems - requirements
  • R – Ceramics
  • S – Domestic Wares
  • T – Medical Equipment and Safety Appliances
  • W – Aircraft and Aviation
  • X – Information Processing
    • JIS X 0201:1997 – Japanese national variant of the ISO 646 7-bit character set
    • JIS X 0202:1998 – Japanese national standard which corresponds to the ISO 2022 character encoding
    • JIS X 0208:1997 – 7-bit and 8-bit double byte coded kanji sets for information interchange
    • JIS X 0212:1990 – Supplementary Japanese graphic character set for information interchange
    • JIS X 0213:2004 – 7-bit and 8-bit double byte coded extended Kanji sets for information interchange
    • JIS X 0221-1:2001 – Japanese national standard which corresponds to ISO 10646
    • JIS X 0401:1973 – To-do-fu-ken (prefecture) identification code
    • JIS X 0402:2003 – Identification code for cities, towns and villages
    • JIS X 0405:1994 – Commodity classification code
    • JIS X 0408:2004 – Identification code for universities and colleges
    • JIS X 0501:1985 – Bar code symbol for uniform commodity code
    • JIS X 0510:2004 – QR Code
    • JIS X 3001-1:2009, JIS X 3001-2:2002, JIS X 3001-3:2000 – Fortran programming language
    • JIS X 3002:2001 – COBOL
    • JIS X 3005-1:2010 – SQL
    • JIS X 3010:2003 – C programming language
    • JIS X 3014:2003 – C++
    • JIS X 3030:1994 – POSIX - repealed in 2010
    • JIS X 4061:1996 – Collation of Japanese character string
    • JIS X 6002:1980 – Keyboard layout for information processing using the JIS 7 bit coded character set
    • JIS X 6054-1:1999 – MIDI
    • JIS X 6241:2004 – 120 mm DVD – Read-only disk
    • JIS X 6243:1998 – 120 mm DVD Rewritable Disk (DVD-RAM)
    • JIS X 6245:1999 – 80 mm (1.23GB/side) and 120 mm (3.95GB/side) DVD-Recordable-Disk (DVD-R)
    • JIS X 9051:1984 – 16-dots matrix character patterns for display devices
    • JIS X 9052:1983 – 24-dots matrix character patterns for dot printers
  • Z – Miscellaneous
    • JIS Z 8301:2011 – Rules for the layout and drafting of Japanese Industrial Standards

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]