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Japanese Uruguayans (日系ウルグアイ人 Nikkei Uruguaijin, Spanish: nipón-uruguayos) are Uruguayan citizens of Japanese ancestry.
The first Latin American country that Japanese people settled was Brazil. But when Brazil decided to halt Japanese Brazil immigration in 1930s, Uruguay became one of the countries to welcome the Japanese settlers to populate the unpopulated areas. Most of them remained in the capital, Montevideo. When World War II began, there was Anti-Japanese sentiment, especially from German Uruguayans and Italian Uruguayans. Japanese language teaching in schools and newspaper and book publishing in Japanese were prohibited. After the end of the war, hundreds of Japanese refugees were still permitted by Uruguayan government to settle. In recent decades, many Japanese settlers arrived especially as businessmen to profit in the country.
The 2011 Uruguayan census revealed 186 people who declared Japan as their country of birth.
The majority of Japanese Uruguayans are Roman Catholic Christians, while the rest are Buddhists.
Notable Japanese Uruguayans