Japanese aircraft carrier Chitose

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Not to be confused with Japanese cruiser Chitose.
Japanese seaplane carrier Chitose.jpg
Chitose before conversion as a seaplane tender
Career (Japan)
Name: Chitose (千歳)
Namesake: Japanese for "thousand years"
Laid down: 26 November 1934
Launched: 29 November 1936
Commissioned: 25 July 1938
Refit: 1942 to 1944
Reinstated: 1 January 1944
Fate: Sunk in the Battle of Leyte Gulf, 25 October 1944.
General characteristics
Class & type: Chitose-class aircraft carrier
Displacement: 11,200 long tons (11,400 t) (standard)
15,300 long tons (15,500 t) (full load)
Length: 192.5 m (631 ft 7 in)
Beam: 20.8 m (68 ft 3 in)
Draft: 7.5 m (24 ft 7 in)
Installed power: 56,000 shp (42,000 kW)
Propulsion: 2 × geared steam turbines
2 × shafts
Speed: 28.9 kn (53.5 km/h; 33.3 mph)
Complement: 800
Armament: Seaplane Tender: 4 × 127 mm (5 in) dual purpose guns
12 × 25 mm (1 in) anti-aircraft guns
Aircraft Carrier 8 × 127 mm (5 in) dual purpose guns
30-48 × 25 mm (1 in) anti-aircraft guns
Aircraft carried: Seaplane Tender 24 × floatplanes
Aircraft Carrier: 30 × aircraft
Aviation facilities: Seaplane Tender: 4 × catapults
Aircraft Carrier: 2 × elevators

Chitose (千歳?) was a light aircraft carrier of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II. First laid down as a seaplane tender in 1934 at Kure Navy yard, the ship originally carried Kawanishi E7K Type 94 "Alf" and Nakajima E8N Type 95 "Dave" floatplanes. Although it has been speculated that Chitose also carried Type A midget submarines, only her sister ship, the Chiyoda had that capability. Chitose saw several naval actions, taking part in the Battle of Midway though seeing no combat there. She was bombed by B-17 Flying Fortresses off Davao, Philippines on 4 January 1942, sustaining negligible damage. She covered the Japanese landings in the East Indies and New Guinea from January–April 1942, and was damaged in the Eastern Solomons in August 1942.

Conversion[edit]

Chitose after conversion to a light carrier in 1944

The Chitose underwent conversion to a light aircraft carrier at Sasebo Navy Yard commencing on 26 January 1943, was recommissioned on 1 November 1943 as CVL (24) and completed as a carrier on 1 January 1944. She was assigned to CarDiv 3 as part of the Japanese Third Fleet.[1]

Final battle[edit]

Both Chitose and Chiyoda were sunk by a combination of naval bombers, cruiser shellfire and destroyer-launched torpedoes during the Battle of Leyte Gulf. According to the plan for the Sho-ichi go operation, both carriers were divested of aircraft and successfully used to decoy the main body of the American fleet away from the landing beaches in the Philippines. Chitose was sunk by torpedo hits during the first air strike made by naval aircraft of Task Force 38 (TF 38) from the carrier USS Essex off Cape Engaño.

At 08:35, she took three torpedo hits, or possibly near misses from bombs on the port side forward of the number 1 elevator. This resulted in boiler rooms 2 and 4 being flooded with an immediate list to 27° and rudder failure. The list was reduced to 15°, but by 08:55 further flooding had brought it back up to 20°. At 08:55, the starboard engine room flooded, cutting speed to 14 kn (26 km/h; 16 mph). The port engine room followed at 09:25. The Chitose was dead in the water, and her list grew to 30°. At 09:37, at position 19°20′N 126°20′E / 19.333°N 126.333°E / 19.333; 126.333Coordinates: 19°20′N 126°20′E / 19.333°N 126.333°E / 19.333; 126.333, she rolled over to port and nosed under, with the loss of 903 men. The cruiser Isuzu rescued 480 men, and destroyer Shimotsuki a further 121.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b IJN Chitose: Tabular Record of Movement, accessed on 26 August 2008

External links[edit]