Japanese destroyer Makigumo (1942)
Makigumo on March 14, 1942
|Completed:||14 March 1942|
|Struck:||1 March 1943|
|Fate:||Scuttled, 1 February 1943|
|Class & type:||Yūgumo-class destroyer|
|Displacement:||2,520 long tons (2,560 t)|
|Length:||119.15 m (390 ft 11 in)|
|Beam:||10.8 m (35 ft 5 in)|
|Draught:||3.75 m (12 ft 4 in)|
|Speed:||35 knots (40 mph; 65 km/h)|
|Armament:||• 6 × 127 mm (5.0 in)/50 caliber DP guns
• up to 28 × Type 96 25 mm (0.98 in) AA guns
• up to 4 × 13 mm (0.51 in) AA guns
• 8 × 610 mm (24 in) torpedo tubes for Type 93 torpedoes
• 36 depth charges
Following the Battle of Midway in June 1942, downed American aircrew SBD Ensign Frank W. O'Flaherty and AMM1c Bruno P. Gaido were pulled from the water by Makigumo. After an interrogation, the crew tied weights around Flaherthy's and Gaido's feet and threw them into the Pacific to drown, instead of keeping them prisoner until they reached Japan.
Shortly after the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands during the early hours of 27 October 1942, Makigumo along with the destroyer Akigumo scuttled the heavily damaged and abandoned USS Hornet (CV-8). US destroyers had attempted to scuttle Hornet earlier but failed to do so before Japanese naval forces forced the US ships to withdraw. Despite this, the Japanese failed in their mission to bombard Henderson Field.
On 1 February 1943, Makigumo was on a troop evacuation run to Guadalcanal. While maneuvering to avoid a PT boat attack, she struck a mine. Yūgumo removed 237 survivors, including Commander Fujita, and scuttled Makigumo with a torpedo, three miles (5 km) south-southwest of Savo Island ( ).
- Whitley, M.J. Destroyers of World War Two: An International Encyclopedia. London: Cassell, 2000. ISBN 1-85409-521-8.
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