The 18th General Election of Japan of the House of Representatives took place in Japan on February 20, 1932. It was the last election before the May 15 Incident, which marked the temporary end of party-politics in Japan.
In 1931, the ruling Minsei Party opposed the Mukden Incident which was engineered by the military. The anti-war Foreign Minister Kijuro Shidehara and Prime Minister Wakatsuki Reijirō was criticized for their intervention in military and was accused of "serious corruption". After the resignation of the Reijirō Cabinet, some right-wing members of the ruling party formed a coalition with the opposition Seiyukai Party and elected Inukai Tsuyoshi as prime minister.
Before the election, some businessmen and candidates were assassinated by the right-wing.
This election was the first general election televised live in Japan.
Despite assassinations against anti-war politicians, the Minsei Party was unpopular because of its mishandling of the economic crisis. The ruling right-wing Seiyukai Party, which was led by Prime Minister Inukai Tsuyoshi won a landslide victory. The turnout of the election was 81.68%.