Japanese minelayer Minoo

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Japanese minelayer Minoo 1947.jpg
Minoo in 1947
Career (Japan) Japanese Navy Ensign
Name: Minoo
Namesake: ancient battlefield in Nanboku-chō period
Ordered: fiscal 1944
Builder: Naniwa Dock Company
Laid down: November 29, 1944
Launched: May 13, 1945
Commissioned: August 5, 1945
Struck: October 5, 1945
Fate: scrapped 1947
General characteristics
Type: minelayer
Displacement: 3,224 long tons (3,276 t) standard
5,200 long tons (5,283 t) trial
Length: 91.7 m (301 ft) pp,
86.25 m (283.0 ft) waterline
Beam: 13.42 m (44 ft 0 in)
Draught: 5.85 m (19 ft 2 in)
Propulsion: 1 × Kampon A Model 12 steam turbine
1 × Model 2 scotch boiler
single shaft, 1,200 hp (890 kW)
Speed: 11 knots (13 mph; 20 km/h)
Range: 4,000 nmi (7,400 km) at 9.5 kn (10.9 mph; 17.6 km/h) as Type 2D wartime standard cargo ship
Complement: 94
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
1 × 13-Gō early warning radar
1 × Type 5 hydrophone
Armament: 1 × 76.2 mm (3.00 in) L/40 AA gun
14 × Type 96 25 mm AA guns
380 × Mk.6 naval mines
24 × depth charges
2 × Type 3 depth charge projectors (K-gun)
2 × depth charge throwers
Armour: none

Minoo (箕面?) was a minelayer of the Imperial Japanese Navy, which was in service during the final stages of World War II. She was the lead ship of what was intended to be a two-vessel class, but her sister ship, designated Vessel #1822 was not completed before the end of the war.

Building[edit]

During the very final stages of World War II, in preparation for the anticipated Allied invasion of the Japanese home islands, the Imperial Japanese Navy perceived the need to block the entrances to the Sea of Japan, namely the La Pérouse Strait, Tsugaru Strait and Tsushima Strait to protect Japan’s long and relatively lightly defended western coastline.[1] However, as all minelayers has been sunk by that time, an emergency program was begun under the Maru Sen Programme to construct several small vessels for this task. Minoo was a modified Type 2D wartime standard cargo ship, which had been laid down by the Naniwa Dock Company on November 29, 1944. It was requisitioned by the Imperial Japanese Navy in December before completion, was launched on May 13, 1945, and was commissioned into service on August 5, 1945 after modifications at the Kure Naval Arsenal.[2]

Operational history[edit]

On completion, Minoo was assigned to the Kure Naval District, but the surrender of Japan occurred only 5 days after her commissioning. She was removed from the navy list on October 5, 1945. From September 1945 through December 1946, Minoo was used as a repatriation transport, shuttling between Okinawa, Shanghai, Hakata, and Sasebo returning demobilized Japanese troops and civilians from the Asian mainland to the Japanese home islands.[3] She was scrapped in 1947.

Ships in class[edit]

Ship # Ship Builder Laid down Launched Completed Fate
1821 Minoo (箕面?) Naniwa Dock Company 29 November 1944 13 May 1945 5 August 1945 Decommissioned 5 October 1945; scrapped in April 1947
1822 Naniwa Dock Company 1 February 1945 1948 7 June 1948 Construction stopped in April 1945. Transferred to Inui Steamship inc., and construction restarted as merchant ship Kenshin Maru (乾進丸?). Sunk by rough weather on 4 October 1948.

Approximate vessels[edit]

The IJN used two merchant ships and experimented for before building Minoo. One the Eijō Maru, other the Kōryū Maru. Their conversion was useful for Minoo. Their brief careers are below.

  • Kōryū Maru (光隆丸?), ex-Type 2E wartime standard cargo ship, 870 long tons (884 t) gross
    Launched at Kawanami Kōgyō-Fukabori Shipyard on 22 June 1944, completed on 16 July 1944, transportation duty in Japanese coastal waters between 1944–1945, enlisted by the Navy on 6 May 1945, armaments install started at Hitachi Zōsen-Innoshima on 9 May 1945, classified to auxiliary minelayer and assigned to the Escort Fleet on 7 July 1945, sunk by air raid at Innoshima on 28 July 1945, discharged on 22 May 1946. She was sunk before rebuilt.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Frank, Richard B. (1999). Downfall: The End of the Imperial Japanese Empire. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-679-41424-X. 
  2. ^ Nishida, Hiroshi. "Materials of IJN". Imperial Japanese Navy. 
  3. ^ Nevitt, Allyn D. (1999). "IJN Minoo: Tabular Record of Movement". Long Lancers. Combinedfleet.com. 

Books[edit]

  • Brown, David (1990). Warship Losses of World War Two. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-914-X. 
  • Frank, Richard B. (1999). Downfall: The End of the Imperial Japanese Empire. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-679-41424-X. 
  • Howarth, Stephen (1983). The Fighting Ships of the Rising Sun: The Drama of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1895-1945. Atheneum. ISBN 0-689-11402-8. 
  • Jentsura, Hansgeorg (1976). Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869-1945. US Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-893-X. 
  • Watts, Anthony J (1967). Japanese Warships of World War II. Doubleday. ASIN B000KEV3J8. 
  • Ships of the World special issue Vol.47, Auxiliary Vessels of the Imperial Japanese Navy, "Kaijinsha". , (Japan), March 1997
  • The Maru Special, Japanese Naval Vessels No.42, "Japanese minelayers", "Ushio Shobō".  (Japan), August 1980
  • Century of Hitachi Zōsen Corporation, Hitachi Zosen Corporation (Japan), March 1985
  • "The Japan Institute of Marine Engineering". , Syllabus of Japanese merchant ships (1868–1945), Kaibundō (Japan), May 1976

External links[edit]