) coins. The top ones were each worth 4 mon
, the middle and bottom ones were worth 1 mon
). Branched ("Edasen" 枝銭) Mon coins of the Bunkyū
period. This shows the foundry technique to make the coins: the coins would then be clipped and filed to obtain the final round shape.
The mon (文) was a currency of Japan from the Muromachi period in 1336, until 1870. The Chinese character for mon is 文 and the character for currency was widely used in the Chinese-character cultural sphere, e.g. Chinese wen and Korean mun. Coins denominated in mon were cast in copper or iron and circulated alongside silver and gold ingots denominated in shu, bu and ryō, with 4000 mon = 16 shu = 4 bu = 1 ryo. The yen replaced these denominations in 1870. However, its usage continued at least into 1871, as the first Japanese stamps, issued in that year, were denominated in mon.
Mon coins were holed, allowing them to be strung together on a piece of string.
Through Japanese history, there were many different styles of currency of many shapes, styles, designs, sizes and materials, including gold, silver, bronze, etc.
See also 
Currencies with the same etymology 
Further reading 
Early Japanese Coins Author David Hartill Publisher AUTHORS ONLINE Limited, 2011 ISBN 0755213653, 9780755213658
External links