Japanese repair ship Akashi
Akashi off Sasebo in July 1939
|Builder:||Sasebo Naval Arsenal|
|Cost:||10,000,000 JPY as Akashi
23,027,000 JPY as Mihara and Momotori
|Launched:||29 June 1938|
|Completed:||31 July 1939|
|Decommissioned:||10 May 1944|
|Fate:||Sunk on 30 March 1944|
|Displacement:||9,000 long tons (9,144 t) standard
10,500 long tons (10,668 t) trial
|Length:||158.50 m (520 ft 0 in) overall
154.66 m (507 ft 5 in) waterline
|Beam:||20.50 m (67 ft 3 in)|
|Draught:||6.29 m (20 ft 8 in)|
|Installed power:||10,000 bhp|
|Propulsion:||2 × Mitsubishi/MAN Model 60 diesels, 2 shafts|
|Speed:||19.2 knots (22.1 mph; 35.6 km/h)|
|Range:||8,000 nmi (15,000 km) at 14 kn (16 mph; 26 km/h)|
|Crew:||336 men and 433 engineers|
|Armament:||4 × 127 mm (5.0 in) L/40 Type 89 AA guns
12 × Type 96 25mm AA guns
Akashi was a Japanese repair ship, serving during World War II. She was the only specifically designed repair ship operated by the Imperial Japanese Navy. The navy based her design on the US Navy's USS Medusa.
In 1937 the Imperial Japanese Navy converted the old battleship Asahi to serve as a repair ship. It was later decided to build a dedicated ship with better capabilities for that task. The Imperial Japanese Navy planned for her to carry out 40% of the repairs needed by the Combined Fleet (needing approximately 140,000-man-hours). Therefore she was equipped with the latest machine tools imported from Germany.
During the war Akashi operated out of the Japanese base in the Truk atoll where she repaired various types of battle-damaged Japanese warships, including the Shōkaku in October 1942 and the Yamato in December 1943. In February 1944 the Americans made a raid on Truk (Operation Hailstone), sinking and damaging many ships. Akashi was damaged in these attacks and escaped to the Japanese atoll of Palau.
On 30 March 1944, while anchored off Urukthapel in the Palau islands, Akashi was hit numerous times by bombs and rockets from American aircraft from Task Group 58, during Operation Desecrate One. She was sunk in shallow water with her bridge still remaining above the water.
Ships in class
|Ship #||Ship||Builder||Laid down||Launched||Completed||Fate|
|Akashi (明石?)||Sasebo Naval Arsenal||18 January 1937||29 June 1938||31 July 1939||Sunk on 30 March 1944; salvaged and scrapped in 1954.|
|Mitsubishi, Yokohama Shipyard||Cancelled on 11 August 1943.|
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