Japanese rhinoceros beetle
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|Japanese rhinoceros beetle|
The Japanese rhinoceros beetle, Japanese horned beetle, or kabutomushi (カブトムシ), Allomyrina dichotoma, is a species of rhinoceros beetle found in Japan, Korea, Taiwan and China. It is sold as a pet in department stores in many countries of Asia (in Japan, even in vending machines), where it is also frequently depicted in popular media as a common cartoon character for various uses, for example much as cartoon bears, lions, or alligators are seen in advertisements and product labels in the United States.
List of subspecies 
- Allomyrina dichotoma dichotoma – Males: 40–80 mm, Females: 40–60 mm;
- Allomyrina dichotoma inchachina
- Allomyrina dichotoma septentrionalis
- Allomyrina dichotoma takarai
- Allomyrina dichotoma tunobosonis
Japanese rhinoceros beetles are a very popular subject in gambling, like Siamese fighting fish and cricket fights. In the most popular game, two different male beetles are placed on a log. They will battle each other, trying to push each other off the log, the one to stay on the log is the winner. This is a huge source and loss of money to many people, especially in the Ryukyu Islands.
Pets and breeding 
Many children in Japan buy or catch these bugs and breed them. Male and female insects will cost about 500 to 1000 yen (approximately five to ten US dollars). Male beetles normally die in the fall after mating many times, whereas female beetles normally die after laying eggs. The eggs are laid directly in the ground, then hatch into larva, which usually mature in a year. Japanese scientists are trying to find supplements to make the Japanese rhinoceros beetle mature faster and grow to a larger size. Disturbing the beetle during its pupal stage is known to cause deformations in the beetle's physiology and possibly cause the beetle to die of shock. Touching the Japanese rhinoceros beetle too suddenly, even after it has metamorphosed, may also cause the beetle to die of shock.
Popular culture 
- Digimon (Kabuterimon and many of its evolutions)
- Juken Sentai Gekiranger/Power Rangers: Jungle Fury
- Kamen Rider Stronger, Kamen Rider Blade, Kamen Rider Kabuto
- Megalon, of Godzilla vs. Megalon
- Mushiking: King of the Beetles
- Ninpuu Sentai Hurricaneger/Power Rangers: Ninja Storm
- Pokémon (Heracross)
- Samurai Champloo
- Seijuu Sentai Gingaman/Power Rangers: Lost Galaxy
- The Transformers Insecticons, Bombshell and Barrage
- The Beast Wars Predacon, Ram Horn and the Maximal, Motorarm
- Samurai Sentai Shinkenger/Power Rangers: Samurai
- Tensou Sentai Goseiger/Power Rangers Megaforce
- Chouseishin Gransazer
- Juukou B-Fighter/Big Bad Beetleborgs
- B-Fighter Kabuto/Beetleborgs Metallix
- B-Robo Kabutack
- Kirby: Right Back at Ya!
- Sgt. Frog
- This Ugly Yet Beautiful World
- Sonic CD
- Time Bokan
- One Piece (Heracles, Sogeking's Atlas Suisei, and Boss)
- Naruto (Chomei)
- Hajime No Ippo
- Mega Man X3 (Gravity Beetle)
- Animal Crossing (called "dynastid beetle in the English translation of the game, derived from the subfamily "dynastinæ")
- Ben 10: Ultimate Alien/Ben 10 Omniverse (called "Eatle")
The Japanese rhinoceros beetle is popular in complex origami, known as the Samurai helmet beetle.
The pairing of the Japanese rhinoceros beetle with the stag beetle is also popular.
Often, they are linked to the element of lightning. It is probably due to their horns somewhat resembling a lightning rod.
The Monster Rancher series also includes a giant rhinoceros beetle called Beaclon. This monster is reported to be high in physical strength but low in intelligence.
The Japanese rhinoceros beetle will live most of its life underground, for it only lives about four months as an actual beetle. The earliest beetles will come out of the ground in late spring; they will usually die around middle September to early October. They usually will die after mating and laying eggs.
In Japanese, rhinoceros beetles are called kabutomushi (かぶとむし, also written 甲虫 or かぶと虫). Mushi is Japanese for bug, and kabuto is Japanese for helmet. So, literally, it means helmet-bug referring to a samurai helmet.
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