Japanese survey ship Katsuriki

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
HIJMS KatsurikiMaru-1917.jpg
Katsuriki Maru in 1917
Career (Japan) Japanese Navy Ensign
Name: Katsuriki
Namesake: Cape of Katsuriki
Ordered: fiscal 1915
Builder: Kure Naval Arsenal
Laid down: 15 May 1916
Launched: 5 October 1916
Completed: 15 January 1917
Decommissioned: struck on 10 November 1944
Renamed: Katsuriki Maru as built
Katsuriki on 1 April 1920
Reclassified: Miscellaneous service ship as built
Minelayer on 1 April 1920
Survey ship on 20 July 1942
Fate: sunk by USN submarine on 21 September 1944
General characteristics
Type: Minelayer/Survey ship
Displacement: 1,540 long tons (1,565 t) standard
Length: 73.15 m (240.0 ft) waterline
Beam: 11.91 m (39 ft 1 in)
Draught: 4.27 m (14 ft 0 in)
Propulsion: 2 × Kampon water-tube boilers,
2 × three expansion stages reciprocating engines,
2 shafts, 1,800 hp (1,300 kW)
Speed: 13 knots (15 mph; 24 km/h)
Endurance: • Fuel: 449 tons coal
Complement: 138
Armament: as built
3 × Armstrong 3 in L/40 guns
100 × Mk.5 naval mines
in 1935
3 × 76.2 mm (3.00 in) L/40 AA guns

The Katsuriki (勝力?) was a minelayer (later converted to survey ship) of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) serving during World War I and World War II, the only ship of her class. She was the first purpose-built ocean-minelayer in the IJN.

Background[edit]

In 1914, World War I broke out. Japan, based on the Anglo-Japanese Alliance, joined in World War I as a member of the Allies. Germany dispatched a lot of warships in the Pacific, however, Japan did not have an ocean-minelayer to prevent them from invading their naval bases. They had only small mineboats which remodeled a tugboat. In 1915, Japan decided to build a minelayer in a hurry. Kampon was not able to have much time for her design, and gave her merchant ship structures. Her building cost was managed to under the Eight-six Fleet program with the Muroto-class colliers, because her building was urgent. She was named Katsuriki Maru (勝力丸?).

Service in World War I and Interwar period[edit]

In World War I, she acted in the Japanese shore water. On 1 April 1920, she classified to minelayer and renamed Katsuriki. Later, she handled a guard duty in the South Seas. On 1 July 1935, she removed minelayer facilities and received surveying devices from retired survey ship Manshū (ex-Russian steamship Manchuria). In 1937–1941, she surveyed in the coast in China for Second Sino-Japanese War. Her action results were useful for building the Tsukushi.

Service in the Pacific War[edit]

Katsuriki as survey ship on 1 September 1942, Seletar

In the Pacific War, she surveyed in Strait of Malacca, Indian Ocean, Dutch East Indies and north coast of New Guinea. On 20 July 1942, she classified to survey ship, and removed her bow Imperial Seal. On 21 September 1944, she was torpedoed by USS Haddo at southwest off Manila 13°03′N 119°20′E / 13.050°N 119.333°E / 13.050; 119.333 and sank. On 10 November 1944, removed naval ship lists.


Bibliography[edit]

  • Ships of the World special issue Vol.47 Auxiliary Vessels of the Imperial Japanese Navy, Kaijinsha, (Japan), March 1997
  • The Maru Special, Japanese Naval Vessels No.34, Japanese auxiliary vessels, Ushio Shobō (Japan), December 1979
  • The Maru Special, Japanese Naval Vessels No.42, Japanese minelayers, Ushio Shobō (Japan), August 1980
  • Senshi Sōsho Vol.31, Naval armaments and war preparation (1), "Until November 1941", Asagumo Simbun (Japan), November 1969