|This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2010)|
Japantown (日本人街 Nihonjin-gai ) is a common name for official Japanese communities in big cities outside Japan. Alternatively, a Japantown may be called J-town, Little Tokyo, or Nihonmachi (日本町), the first two being common names for the Japanese communities in Los Angeles and San Francisco, respectively.
- 1 North America
- 2 South America
- 3 Asia
- 4 Europe
- 5 Oceania
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Japantowns were created because of the widespread immigration of Japanese to America in the Meiji period (1868–1912). At that time, many Japanese were poor and thought they would have a better life in the United States. Japanese immigrants initially settled in Western parts of the US and Canada.
At one time, there were 43 different Japantowns in California, ranging from several square blocks of Little Tokyo in Los Angeles, to one in the small farming community of Marysville in Yuba County. Besides typical businesses, these communities usually had Japanese language schools for the immigrant's children, Japanese language newspapers, Buddhist and Christian churches, and sometimes Japanese hospitals. After the World War II internment of the Japanese, most of those communities declined significantly or disappeared altogether.
Some municipalities with Japanese populations higher than the national average (0.3%) include:
- Richmond, British Columbia (2%)
- Lethbridge, Alberta (1.9%)
- Burnaby, British Columbia (1.7%)
- Vancouver, British Columbia (1.7%)
- North Vancouver (city), British Columbia (1.6%)
- North Vancouver (district municipality), British Columbia (1.5%)
- Port Coquitlam, British Columbia (1.4%)
- West Vancouver, British Columbia (1.2%)
- Coquitlam, British Columbia (1%)
- Kamloops, British Columbia (1%)
- Port Moody, British Columbia (1%)
- Musqueam 2, British Columbia (0.6%)
- Calgary, Alberta (0.5%)
- Richmond Hill, Ontario (0.5%)
- Toronto, Ontario (0.5%)
- Markham, Ontario (0.4%)
- Japantown, San Francisco, California
- Japantown, San Jose, California
- Little Tokyo, Los Angeles, California
Concentrated and historical Japanese populations in the United States
San Francisco Bay Area: In addition to Japantown districts in San Francisco and San Jose, suburbs and neighborhoods with significant Japanese American populations and/or histories include:
- Alameda, California
- Berkeley, California
- Hayward, California
- Lower Haight, San Francisco, California
- Mountain View, California
- Oakland, California
- Palo Alto, California
- San Mateo, California
- Santa Clara, California
- South San Francisco, California
- Sunnyvale, California
- Walnut Creek, California
- Watsonville, California
Outside Bay Area:
- Lower Colorado River Valley, Arizona
- Fontana, California
- Gardena, California
- Long Beach, California
- Sacramento, California
- Torrance, California
- Sawtelle Boulevard, West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California
- Sakura Square, Denver, Colorado, United States
- Japantown, Salt Lake City, Utah 
- Porter Square, Cambridge, Massachusetts
- Novi, Michigan
- Edgewater, New Jersey
- Fort Lee, New Jersey
- Seabrook, New Jersey
- St. Mark's Place, East Village, New York City
- Westchester County, New York
- Portland, Oregon
- Ontario, Oregon
- Dublin, Ohio
- Cleveland, Ohio
- International District in Seattle, Washington
- Liberdade is the Japanese district in São Paulo, Brazil. São Paulo metropolitan area is the city that has the largest Japanese population outside of Japan and the largest population of people that have Japanese descent.
- Colonia Urquiza is the Japanese district in La Plata, Argentina. Colonia Urquiza is the largest Japanese district in Argentina, and concentrates many institutions such as schools, restaurants and training centers.
- Gubei, Shanghai, a residential area which has many expatriates from Japan. It is informally referred to as a "Little Tokyo." There is a Takashimaya department store in Gubei.
- Sataku, Haldia
In the late 2000s, Malaysia began to become a popular destination for Japanese retirees. Malaysia My Second Home retirement programme received 513 Japanese applicants from 2002 until 2006. Motivations for choosing Malaysia include the low cost of real-estate and of hiring home care workers. Such retirees sometimes refer to themselves ironically as economic migrants or even economic refugees, referring to the fact that they could not afford as high a quality of life in retirement, or indeed to retire at all, were they still living in Japan.
- Mont Kiara, Kuala Lumpur
- Little Japan, Taman Molek, Johor Bahru
- Jalan Bendahara, Ipoh
- Jalan Air Itam, Penang
- Japantown, Paco, Manila, Philippines
- Japantown, Iloilo City, Philippines
- Japantown, Cebu City, Philippines
- Japantown, Mandaue City, Philippines
- Japantown, Davao City, Philippines
- Little Tokyo, Davao City, Philippines
- Le Thanh Ton Street, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
Concentrated and historical Japanese populations in Asia
- About 7,000 Japanese used to live in Jakarta, Indonesia, mainly concentrated in Blok M district and the rest lived by surrounding area. This number decreased drastically following the Indonesian riots of May 1998.
- There is an active Japanese presence (including multinational companies and expatriates) in industrial areas of Karachi, such as Port Qasim. During the 1980s and 1990s, there were over 2,000 Japanese living in Karachi, making them one of the significant expatriate communities in the country. Now, the community has shrunk to a few hundred. There is also a Karachi Japanese School.
- In Bangkok a Japanese population lives in and around Sukhumvit Road, and Phrompong. Many of the apartment complexes are rented solely to Japanese people (although they are owned by Thais), and there are Japanese grocery shops, restaurants, bars, dry cleaning, clubs, etc. in and around Phrompong.
- In Si Racha a Japanese population lives in and around the city center as the second largest Japanese community outside Bangkok.
- In Chiangmai a Japanese population lives around the city center as the popular place for Japanese retirees with good weather and less crowded city.
- In Ayutthaya a growing number of Japanese population returns and lives in and around Rojana Road close to many Japanese companies, the city also well known place of the first Japanese quarter in Thailand dated back to 16th century.
- Düsseldorf (especially the district Oberkassel) has the largest Japanese population in Germany (and Europe). It has the biggest Buddhist temple of Europe as well. The towns surrounding Düsseldorf (e.g. Meerbusch in the west of Düsseldorf) have significant Japanese population as well.
- London is home to the largest Japanese communities, with Acton and Finchley having the highest concentration of residents from Japanese origin. North London is the most popular area in London for Japanese residents to live.
- Paris has Japanese restaurants and shops concentrated near the Opéra Garnier (especially on Rue Sainte-Anne) and the city's Japanese population is largely concentrated in 15th arrondissement and 16th arrondissement.
- Little Tokyo, Adelaide
- Japantown, Darwin
- Artarmon, Sydney has a small Japantown by the railway station, containing Japanese restaurants, Japanese grocery stores and a Japanese bookshop. Nearby suburbs such as Northbridge and St Leonards also have a number of Japanese businesses.
Gold Coast, Australia has a big Japanese population which is still rising.
- Donna Graves; Gail Dubrow. "Preserving California's Japantowns". Preserving California's Japantowns. Retrieved 2006-11-04.
- "A History of Japanese Americans in California: HISTORIC SITES". National Park Service. Retrieved August 2010.
- Kori-Kai Yoshida (2006-06-24). "Community Leaders Discuss State of California's J-Towns". Nichi Bei Times, reprinted at Rafu Shimpo Online. Los Angeles News Publishing Co. Retrieved August 2010.
- Elaine Jarvik (2007-01-22). "Salt Lake street may honor Japantown". Deseret News archives. Deseret News Publishing Company. Retrieved April 2011.
- http://sur.infonews.com/notas/la-pequena-japon-argenta La pequeña japon argenta
- "2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码：虹桥镇" (in Simplified Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2012-08-09.
- Karachi: Enclave for Japanese investors at Port Qasim
- Karachi Japanese School