Japantown, San Francisco

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Japantown
Neighborhood of San Francisco
Japan Center Peace Pagoda and the Sundance Kabuki 8 movie theater complex makeup the center of San Francisco's Japantown.
Japan Center Peace Pagoda and the Sundance Kabuki 8 movie theater complex makeup the center of San Francisco's Japantown.
Nickname(s): Nihonmachi, Little Osaka, J-Town
Japantown is located in San Francisco
Japantown
Japantown
Location within Central San Francisco
Coordinates: 37°47′06″N 122°25′47″W / 37.7851°N 122.4298°W / 37.7851; -122.4298
Government
 • Board of Supervisors London Breed
 • State Assembly Tom Ammiano (D)
 • State Senate Mark Leno (D)
 • U.S. House Nancy Pelosi (D)
Area[1]
 • Total 0.12 km2 (0.045 sq mi)
 • Land 0.12 km2 (0.045 sq mi)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total 460
 • Density 3,948/km2 (10,225/sq mi)
ZIP Code 94115
Area code(s) 415

Japantown (日本町 Nihonmachi?) (also known as J Town or historically as Japanese Town, "Nihonmachi") is a section located in the Western Addition neighborhood of San Francisco, California that comprises about six square city blocks. San Francisco's Japantown is the largest and oldest such enclave in the United States.[2]

Location[edit]

The main thoroughfare is Post Street, between Fillmore Street (to the west) and Laguna Street (to the east). The Japantown neighborhood is generally considered to be bordered on the north by Bush or Pine Street, and on the south by Geary Boulevard. Its focal point is the Japan Center (opened in 1968),[3] the site of three Japanese-oriented shopping centers and the Peace Pagoda, a five-tiered concrete stupa designed by Japanese architect Yoshiro Taniguchi and presented to San Francisco by the people of Osaka, Japan.

History[edit]

Japantown residents being relocated to an Internment Camp during World War 2

Built and settled as part of the Western Addition neighborhood in the 19th and early 20th century, Japanese immigrants began moving into the area following the 1906 Earthquake.[4] (Before 1906, San Francisco had two Japantowns, one on the outskirts of Chinatown, the other in the South of Market area. After 1906, San Francisco's main Japantown was in the Western Addition, with a smaller one in the South Park area.[5]) By World War II, the neighborhood was one of the largest such enclaves of Japanese outside of Japan, as it took an appearance similar to the Ginza district in Tokyo.[4]

After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, the neighborhood experienced kristallnacht type attacks on residences and businesses. In February 1942, President Franklin Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 that forced all Japanese of birth or descent in the United States interned. By 1943 many large sections of the neighborhood remained vacant due to the forced internment. The void was quickly filled by thousands of African Americans who had left the South to find wartime industrial jobs in California as part of the Great Migration. Following the war, some Japanese Americans returned, followed by new Japanese immigrants as well as investment from the Japanese Government and Japanese companies, many did not return to the neighborhood and instead settled in other parts of the city, or out to the suburbs altogether. This was further exacerbated by the city's efforts to rejuvenate the neighborhood initiated by Justin Herman in the Western Addition in the 1960s through the 1980s.[6]

In 1957, San Francisco entered in a sister city relationship with the city of Osaka, hence the nickname "Little Osaka". Osaka is San Francisco's oldest sister city.[7] In commemoration of the 50th anniversary of this relationship, one block of Buchanan Street, in Japantown, was renamed Osaka Way on 8 September 2007.[8]

Looking across Post Street north on Buchanan Street in Japantown.
The five-tiered Peace Pagoda made of concrete.
The Peace Pagoda as seen at night.

Attractions and characteristics[edit]

The area is home to Japanese (and some Korean and Chinese) restaurants, supermarkets, indoor shopping malls, hotels, banks and other shops, including one of the few U.S. branches of the large Kinokuniya bookstore chain. Most of these businesses are located in the commercial center of the neighborhood which is a large shopping mall built in the 1960s as part of urban renewal efforts and is run by Japanese retailer Kintetsu.

Pika Pika, one of the up-and-coming businesses, involves taking Japanese sticker pictures that can be decorated and written on called purikura.

Festivals[edit]

San Francisco's Japantown celebrates two major festivals every year: The Northern California Cherry Blossom Festival (held for two weekends every April),[9] and the Nihonmachi Street Fair, held one weekend in the month of August.[10]

The Cherry Blossom Festival takes place over the course of two weekends. During the first weekend, the Northern California Cherry Blossom Queen Program takes place at the Kabuki theatre where women of Japanese/Japanese-American descent are chosen to represent, learn about and serve their community.[11] During the Sunday parade, the Queen and Princesses are presented on a float.

Dancer at the Northern California Cherry Blossom Festival, 1990's
Dancer at the Northern California Cherry Blossom Festival Parade, 1990's

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The San Francisco Police Department Northern Station serves Japantown.[12]

Education[edit]

The area is within the San Francisco Unified School District. Rosa Parks Elementary School is located near Japantown. It houses the Japanese Bilingual Bicultural Program (JBBP).[13] In the winter of 2005 Rosa Parks had 233 students, which filled less than half of the school. That winter SFUSD proposed closing the school and merge it with another elementary school. Parents protested in favor of keeping the school open. SFUSD moved the Japanese Bilingual Bicultural Program into Rosa Parks. As of November 2006, almost half of the students in the regular Rosa Parks program are African-American and one third of the students in the JBBP program are Japanese.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Japantown neighborhood in San Francisco, California (CA), 94115 subdivision profile - real estate, apartments, condos, homes, community, population, jobs, income, streets
  2. ^ "San Francisco Japantown 100th Anniversary - History of San Francisco's Japantown". Japantown Merchants Association. Retrieved 16 December 2007. 
  3. ^ View archival newsfilm featuring the official opening ceremony of the Japan Center, from March 1968: http://diva.sfsu.edu/collections/sfbatv/bundles/190393.
  4. ^ a b Japantown San Francisco: About Japantown
  5. ^ Japanese Task Force Inc., Images of San Francisco's Japantown (2005) pp. 7, 9
  6. ^ Jofuku, Linda (31 August 2005). "Preserving Japantown is about people, not just property". The San Francisco Chronicle. 
  7. ^ "SF-Osaka Sister City Association: 50th Anniversary 2007 - Events". SF-Osaka Sister City Association. Retrieved 18 December 2007. 
  8. ^ "Osaka Way Unveiling Ceremony". Consulate-General of Japan in San Francisco. Retrieved 18 December 2007. 
  9. ^ Welcome to Northern California Cherry Blossom Festival Website
  10. ^ Welcome to the Nihonmachi Street Fair
  11. ^ <http://nccbfqueenprogram.org>
  12. ^ "Northern Station." (Archive) San Francisco Police Department. Retrieved on September 1, 2013.
  13. ^ Chen, Adelaide. "Japantown Planning Talks Continue." (Archive) AsianWeek. February 27, 2008. Retrieved on September 1, 2013.
  14. ^ Eslinger, Bonnie. "School merger unites communities." (Archive) San Francisco Examiner. November 20, 2006. Retrieved on September 1, 2013.

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Japantown.

Further Reading[edit]


Coordinates: 37°47′06″N 122°25′47″W / 37.7851°N 122.4298°W / 37.7851; -122.4298