Japaraíba is a Brazilian municipality located in the center of the state of Minas Gerais. Its population as of 2007 was 3,688 people living in a total area of 172 km². The city belongs to the meso-region of Central Mineira and to the micro-region of Bom Despacho. It became a municipality in 1962.
The city center of Japaraíba is located at an elevation of 711 meters about halfway between Lagoa da Prata and Arcos. Neighboring municipalities are: Lagoa da Prata (N), Santo Antônio do Monte (E), Arcos (S) and (W).
Services and agriculture are the most important economic activities. In 2005 there were 15 small transformation industries employing 296 workers. The GDP in 2005 was approximately R$30 million, with 11 million reais from services, 2 million reais from industry, and 16 million reais from agriculture. There were 202 rural producers on 6,000 hectares of land. 32 farms had tractors (2006). Approximately 370 persons were employed in agriculture. The main crops are beans and corn. There were 7,500 head of cattle (2006).
There was one bank (2007). In the vehicle fleet there were 1,089 automobiles, 92 trucks, 149 pickup trucks, and 542 motorcycles (2007).
Health and education
In the health sector there were 3 public health clinics, 2 of which were specialized. (2005). Patients with more serious health conditions are transported to Divinópolis or Belo Horizonte. Educational needs of 1,100 students were met by 3 primary schools, 1 middle school, and 2 pre-primary schools.
- Municipal Human Development Index: 0.753 (2000)
- State ranking: 258 out of 853 municipalities as of 2000
- National ranking: 1783 out of 5,138 municipalities as of 2000
- Literacy rate: 90%
- Life expectancy: 70 (average of males and females)
In 2000 the per capita monthly income of R$210.00 below the state and national average of R$276.00 and R$297.00 respectively. Poços de Caldas had the highest per capita monthly income in 2000 with R$435.00. The lowest was Setubinha with R$73.00.
The highest ranking municipality in Minas Gerais in 2000 was Poços de Caldas with 0.841, while the lowest was Setubinha with 0.568. Nationally the highest was São Caetano do Sul in São Paulo with 0.919, while the lowest was Setubinha. In more recent statistics (considering 5,507 municipalities) Manari in the state of Pernambuco has the lowest rating in the country—0,467—putting it in last place.