Jaramana

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Jaramana
جرمانا
Jaramana refugee camp skyline and mosque dome
Jaramana refugee camp skyline and mosque dome
Jaramana is located in Syria
Jaramana
Jaramana
Location in Syria
Coordinates: 33°29′N 36°21′E / 33.483°N 36.350°E / 33.483; 36.350
Country  Syria
Governorate Rif Dimashq Governorate
District Markaz Rif Dimashq
Nahiyah Jaramana
Area[1]
 • City 5.95 km2 (2.30 sq mi)
 • Land 5.95 km2 (2.30 sq mi)
 • Water 0 km2 (0 sq mi)  0%
 • Urban 5.95 km2 (2.30 sq mi)
Elevation 670 m (2,200 ft)
Population (2004 census)
 • City 114,363

Jaramana (Arabic: جرمانا‎) is a city in southern Syria, administratively part of the Rif Dimashq Governorate in the Ghouta plain. Its location, 10 kilometers southeast of the Syrian capital, makes it a bustling town in the greater Damascus metropolitan area, with a mostly Christian and Druze population.

History[edit]

Jaramana was visited by Syrian geographer Yaqut al-Hamawi in the early 13th-century and noted it was "a district of the Ghautah of Damascus."[2]

Demographics[edit]

Since 2003 and the beginning of the Iraq War, large numbers of Iraqi have immigrated to Jaramana, swelling the population from around 100,000 to over 250,000.[3] According to the 2004 official census, the population of the city was 114,363.[4]

There is also a Palestinian refugee camp near the town bearing its same name. Jaramana is a favorite destination for Iraqi Assyrian Christian refugees fleeing their unstable country. In October 2006, the Assyrian community in Jaramana finally received a priest from Mosul, Iraq. The priest, Arkan Hana Hakim, claims there are now 2,000 Assyrian Iraqi refugees in the town Jaramana alone.[5]

On October 29 and November 28, 2012 the predominantly Druze-Christian town was hit by rebel suicide terrorists and car bombings killing over 100 civilian residents, including Christian, Druze and Sunni Muslim victims. The suicide bombings also took the lives of several Iraqi and Palestinian refugees living in Jaramana.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 5950 dunums (595 ha.) " العقارات في مدينة جرمانا الأسعار نار" ("Real estate prices in the city of Jaramana are afire") Syria Steps 13 January 2010, in Arabic, last accessed 18 September 2010
  2. ^ le Strange, 1890, p. 462.
  3. ^ "أسعار العقارات في جرمانا تتحدى الإنحدار .. والجمود لم " ("Real estate prices in Jaramana challenge Downgrade ..") De Press - Buildex Online 19 March 2009, in Arabic, last accessed 18 September 2010
  4. ^ " العقارات في مدينة جرمانا الأسعار نار" ("Real estate prices in the city of Jaramana are afire") Syria Steps 13 January 2010, in Arabic, last accessed 18 September 2010
  5. ^ "Huge increase in number of Christian Iraqis fleeing to Syria" German Press Agency 12 October 2006 at The Raw Story, last accessed 18 September 2010

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]