Jardin de Tivoli, Paris
||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (September 2009)|
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2009)|
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia. (March 2012)|
The Tivoli gardens of Paris were located at what is the current site of the Saint-Lazare station. There were several similarly named gardens, named after the gardens of the Villa d'Este in Tivoli near Rome, of which none remain today.
In 1766, in this location, one of the sons of the wealthy Boutin, a farmer-general, had several houses built in a park of eight hectares. The Folie Boutin quickly became known for its splendid gardens. In 1794, during the Reign of Terror, it was put under sequestration. In 1795, the Folie Boutin reopened to the public, formally taking the name of Tivoli and becoming the ancestor of amusement parks. Following the damage caused by the bivouacking of the troops of Napoleon before their departure for Spain, it was closed on 30 August, 1810.
Another Folie, located in the immediate neighborhood, was inaugurated on 30 April, 1810, and became the second Tivoli. This Tivoli disappeared in 1825, after an evening party given for Charles X's coronation on 7 June. On 2 February, 1826, the Boutin heirs sold the land, which became the district of Europe.
Étienne-Gaspard Robert opened the third Tivoli in 1826, which survived until 1842 when the rue Ballu and other streets were constructed.
- Tivoli (disambiguation) for various places using this name.
- Gilbert-Antoine Langlois, Folies, Tivolis et attractions, Paris: Délégation à l'Action Artistique de la Ville de Paris, 1991 ISBN 978-2-905118-35-6 (French)
- Bruno Centorame (ed.), La Nouvelle Athènes: Haut-lieu du Romantisme, Paris: Délégation à l'Action Artistique de la Ville de Paris, 2001 ISBN 978-2-913246-35-5 (French)
- Jacques Hillairet, Connaissance du vieux Paris, 1951 (French)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jardin de Tivoli, Paris.|
|This Paris geographical article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|