Jardine House

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Jardine House
怡和大廈
HK Jardine House.jpg
Jardine House, as seen from Edinburgh Place; Exchange Square towers 1 & 2 at the background.
General information
Status Complete
Type Commercial offices
Location 1 Connaught Place
Hong Kong
Coordinates 22°16′59″N 114°9′32″E / 22.28306°N 114.15889°E / 22.28306; 114.15889Coordinates: 22°16′59″N 114°9′32″E / 22.28306°N 114.15889°E / 22.28306; 114.15889
Completed 1972
Opening 1973
Cost HK$$18,589,744
Owner Hongkong Land
Height
Roof 178.5 m (585.6 ft)
Top floor 168.5 m (552.8 ft)
Technical details
Floor count 52
Floor area 700,000 sq ft (65,032 m2)
Lifts/elevators 24 + 2[citation needed]
Design and construction
Architect Palmer & Turner
Developer Hongkong Land
Main contractor Gammon Construction
References
[1][2][3]

Jardine House (Chinese: 怡和大廈), formerly known as Connaught Centre (康樂大廈), is an office tower in Hong Kong. The building is located at 1 Connaught Place, Central on the Hong Kong Island. It is owned by Hongkong Land Limited, a subsidiary of Jardines. At the time of its completion in 1972, Jardine House was the tallest building in Hong Kong and in Asia. In 1980, the Hopewell Centre usurped the title of the tallest building in Hong Kong. The building is interconnected with buildings of Hongkong Land Limited like Exchange Square and International Finance Centre by Central Elevated Walkway.

Jardine House was prominently displayed in the 1988 NBC television miniseries Noble House as the headquarters for Struan’s. It also appeared in establishing shots in The Amsterdam Kill.

History[edit]

First generation Jardine House in the 1900s.
Second generation Jardine House in the 1930s.

Previous Jardine Houses[edit]

Jardine House (first building from the right) is located in the central business district on Hong Kong Island, next to the HSBC Building, Cheung Kong Center and the BOC Tower.

The first three generations of Jardine Houses were situated at 20 Pedder Street, at the corner of Des Voeux Road Central. The first Jardine House was probably built around 1841 after Jardine's successful bid for its lots on The Praya Central. In 1908, the second Jardine House was built.[4] It was rebuilt in around 1956 as a 16-storey building.[5] The building was sold by Jardines during the land acquisition exercise of the Landmark complex in Central and 20 Pedder Street is now occupied by the Wheelock House.

New Jardine House[edit]

The new building is constructed on a piece of reclaimed land, under a lease term of 75 years, which was secured by Hongkong Land Limited at a record price of HK$248 million in 1970, payable interest free over a period of 10 years.[6][dead link] In exchange, the Government agreed that no building directly to the north of Jardine House would ever be built to obstruct its views. As a result, the height of General Post Office building was capped at 120 ft (37 m).[7][dead link] Building costs were estimated at $120 million.[6] Construction of the fifty-two storey building took 16 months. Metal lettering from the Old Jardine House was salvaged and used in the lobby of the New Jardine House.

The building featured in the 1978 episode titled "The Chinese Web" of "The Amazing Spider Man" TV series.

Design[edit]

The building is constructed with a metal frame, and a curtain wall with round windows. The thickness of the structural frame is reduced because of the shape of the windows. Unusually for a Jardine property, elevators were produced by Otis Elevator, while escalators were manufactured by Schindler Elevator.

The circular design of the windows has earned the building the nickname, "The House of a Thousand Arseholes."

Current tenants[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jardine House at CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  2. ^ Jardine House at Emporis
  3. ^ Jardine House at SkyscraperPage
  4. ^ Ting, Joseph S.P.; Wong Nai-kwan (September 1994). City of Victoria. Hong Kong: Urban Council of Hong Kong. pp. 13, 29. ISBN 962-7039-31-4. 
  5. ^ gwulo.com: Jardine House (3rd generation) [1957-1980]
  6. ^ a b Christopher Marley (1972-05-30). "Office supply and demand in harmony". The Times. [dead link]
  7. ^ Government - HK Land 'Pact' Limits New GPO'S Height, The Star, April 14, 1976[dead link]

External links[edit]