Jardinette (now Marathon) Apartments, May 2008
|Location||5128 Marathon St., Los Angeles, California 90038|
|Architect||Neutra, Richard J.; State Construction Co.|
|Architectural style||International Style|
|NRHP Reference #||
|Added to NRHP||December 29, 1986|
|Designated LAHCM||October 4, 1988|
Jardinette Apartments, now known as Marathon Apartments, is a four-story apartment building in Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, designed by modernist Richard Neutra. It was Neutra's first commission in the United States. In his book Key Buildings of the Twentieth Century, Richard Weston called the Jardinette Apartments "one of the first Modernist buildings in America." It has also been called "America's first multi-family, International-style building."
The construction of the building was announced in a November 1927 article in the Los Angeles Times: "The Jardinette, a Class B apartment-house now under construction at Marathon street and Manhattan Place, is being erected on a site 71 by 130 feet. This house will contain forty-three apartments and will be built at an estimated cost of $225,000." The site is one block west of Western Avenue, and one block north of Melrose Avenue.
While the building was being constructed, noted architect Harwell Hamilton Harris saw it and found it "unlike any building he had ever seen." It reminded him of expressionism and its reinforced concrete frame, continuous ribbon windows and cantilivered balconies intrigued Harris so much that he sought out the architect, with whom he would become friends.
When the Jardinette was completed in 1928, the building drew widespread attention for its radical modern design. The Christian Science Monitor said: "The new garden apartments bridge a gap between the worker's place of business and his home. Light and sunshine flood the apartment house and create a new harmony of family life and contentment, with every room as efficiently planned for service as the most modern business office." The building was published as far as Germany and Russia. The Los Angeles Times featured the Jardinette in a 1929 article on the "New Art" of architecture in Los Angeles. At the Museum of Modern Art's famed 1932 exhibition entitled "Modern Architecture," Neutra's Jardinette Apartments was one of the few American examples included in the exhibition.
The Jardinette building was Neutra's first commission in Los Angeles. Like the Lovell House, which Neutra designed around the same time, the Jardinette is composed of "box-like forms, flat roofs, unbroken horizontal windows alternating with plain, banded spandrels extended to form balconies." However, Jardinette differs from Lovell House in construction. Neutra chose reinforced concrete for Jardinette, with long spans of reinforced concrete allowing for unbroken window strips. The original design also included rooftop gardens.
The building's main structure runs east to west along the back of the site, with two short wings at either end forming a shallow courtyard. The design was intended to convey a sense of openness: "Everything about the building speaks of condensed, efficient forms whose edges dissolve into the landscape." A writer for Art and Culture noted, "The Jardinette is a perfect example of the Modernist trend at the time."
The Jardinette was intended as a prototype for a series of garden apartments to be built in Hollywood. However, the developer, Joseph H. Miller, went bankrupt during the construction of Jardinette, and the other buildings were never realized.
One of the key features that set the Jardinette apart from other apartment buildings built in Los Angeles in the 1920s was the lack of ornamentation. The Los Angeles Times has written that the Jardinette represents the roots of Neutra's radical, free-form style. "This was radical architecture. It was without ornament, made out of industrial materials, and bold in its sculptural openness. Areas flowed from inside to outside, and glass made the artificially lush landscape of California seem to float into the very heart of each of the architect's buildings."
In recent years, the Jardinette has fallen into a state of neglect. In 1992, the Los Angeles Times wrote: "Today, the Jardinette is somewhat neglected and forlorn. . . . One can only hope that someday soon the Jardinette, inhabited by mere mortals who enjoy efficiency and sunlight, will be restored to its original abstract splendor." In 2005, the LA Weekly described the building as a "depressing" complex and suggested that its residents "may never guess that their cellblock-like building on a dismal and forsaken street is a landmark of modernism."
The Jardinette Apartments have been recognized as a building of important historical value at both the national and local levels.
- In 1986, the Jardinette was listed in the National Register of Historic Places.
- In 1986, the Jardinette was registered with the State of California's Office of Historic Preservation.
- In 1988, the Jardinette was designated as a Historic-Cultural Landmark by the City of Los Angeles.
- Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monuments in Hollywood
- List of Registered Historic Places in Los Angeles
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15.
- Richard Weston (2004). Key Buildings of the Twentieth Century: Plans, Sections and Elevations. Laurence King Publishing. ISBN 1-85669-382-1.
- "Richard & Dion Neutra". LAOkay.com.
- "Large Building Program Begun: New York Capitalist Plans Apartment Structures; Some Already Under Way; Others to Rise Soon; Novel Features Will be Installed in All". Los Angeles Times. 1927-11-11.
- Lisa Germany, Kenneth Frampton, Bruno Zevi (2000). Harwell Hamilton Harris, p. 25. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-22619-4.
- "Richard Neutra". Art and Culture.
- Aaron Betsky (1992-06-18). "Architecture: Neutra's Radical, Free-Form Style First Took Shape in Hollywood". Los Angeles Times.
- "A New Art". Los Angeles Times. 1929-01-02.
- "The Richard and Dion Neutra VDL Research House I and II". Neutra VDL.
- Robert Greene (2005-04-28). "Revising Los Angeles' DNA: The perfect apartment balcony beats any ranch tract house". LA Weekly.
- "Jardinette Apartments". California Office of Historic Preservation.
- "Historic-Cultural Monuments Listing". City of Los Angeles.