Jarisha

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Jarisha
שבע טחנות ב 1917.png
Old mill at Jarisha, about 1917
Jarisha is located in Mandatory Palestine
Jarisha
Jarisha
Arabic جرِيشة
Name meaning Jerisheh, from "to pound" or "grind"[1]
Also spelled Jerisha, Jarush
Subdistrict Jaffa
Coordinates 32°5′43″N 34°48′28″E / 32.09528°N 34.80778°E / 32.09528; 34.80778Coordinates: 32°5′43″N 34°48′28″E / 32.09528°N 34.80778°E / 32.09528; 34.80778
Palestine grid 132/167
Population 190[2] (1945)
Area 555[2] dunams
Current localities Tel Aviv,[3] Ramat Gan

Jarisha (Arabic: جرِيشة‎, also transliterated Jerisha; Hebrew: ג'רישה) was a Palestinian Arab village located 200 meters (660 ft) from the ancient site of Tell Jarisha (Tel Gerisa), on the south bank of Al-Awja (Yarkon River).[4][5] After the establishment of Tel Aviv, it was one of five Arab villages to fall within its municipal boundaries.[3] Jarisha was depopulated in the lead up to the 1948 Arab-Israeli war, and the site has since been, "completely covered over by highways and suburban houses."[5]

History[edit]

Jarisha was located only 200 meters (660 ft) from Tel Gerisa, an archaeological site dating to the Early Bronze II period (2800-2600 BC). In the Middle Bronze period (2000-1500 BC) the site was a fortified Hyksos town. It was succeeded by a Philistine settlement around the 12th century BC.[6]

Ottoman era[edit]

Under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, in 1596, Jarisha was a village in the nahiya ("subdistrict") of the Bani Sa'b liwa' ("district") of Nablus, with a population of 22 Muslim households. The villagers paid taxes on buffalo, goats and beehives.[7]

In 1882 the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described the village, transcribed as "Jerisheh", as being built of adobe bricks and flanked by an olive grove. It had a well and a mill.[8] South-east of the village was the ruins of a Khan, a graveyard and some caves, also a masonry dam and a small bridge, "apparently Saracenic".[9]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Jerisheh had a population of 57, all Muslims[10] increasing the 1931 census to 183, still all Muslims, in a total of 43 houses.[11]

The villagers worked in the service industry, but some also grew fruits and vegetables; in 1944-45 a total of 302 dunums of village land was used for citrus and bananas, and 89 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards.[12] 3 dunams were classified as built-up areas.[13]

1948, and after[edit]

According to the Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi, the state of the village site in 1992 was as follows: "The site has been completely covered over by highways and suburban houses."[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 215
  2. ^ a b Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 52
  3. ^ a b Mann, 2006, p. 246.
  4. ^ Ben-Tor and Greenberg, 1992, p. 246.
  5. ^ a b Khalidi and Elmusa, 1992, p. 246.
  6. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 246
  7. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 139.
  8. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 251. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p.246
  9. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 265
  10. ^ Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Jaffa, p. 20
  11. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 14.
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 95 Also in Khalidi, 1992, p.246-247
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 145
  14. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 247

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]