|Also Spelled||Jerisha, Jarush|
|Date of depopulation|
|Cause(s) of depopulation|
|Current localities||Tel Aviv, Ramat Gan|
Jarisha (Arabic: جرِيشة, also transliterated Jerisha) was a Palestinian Arab village located 200 meters (660 ft) from the ancient site of Tell Jarisha (Tel Gerisa), on the south bank of Al-Awja (Yarkon River). After the establishment of Tel Aviv, it was one of five Arab villages to fall within its municipal boundaries. Jarisha was depopulated in the lead up to the 1948 Arab-Israeli war, and the site has since been, "completely covered over by highways and suburban houses."
Jarisha was located only 200 meters (660 ft) from Tel Gerisa, an archaeological site dating to the Early Bronze II period (2800-2600 BC). In the Middle Bronze period (2000-1500 BC) the site was a fortified Hyksos town. It was succedeed by a Philistine settlement around the 12th century BC.
Under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, in 1596, Jarisha was a village in the nahiya ("subdistrict") of the Bani Sa'b liwa' ("district") of Nablus, with a population of 22 Muslim households. The villagers paid taxes on buffalo, goats and beehives.
During the British Mandate in Palestine, the population was entirely Muslim, with 43 occupied houses and 183 inhabitants in 1931. The villagers worked in the service industry, but some also grew fruits and vegetables; in 1944-45 a total of 302 dunums of village land was used for citrus and bananas, and 89 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards.
1948, and after
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p.52
- Mann, 2006, p. 246.
- Ben-Tor and Greenberg, 1992, p. 246.
- Khalidi and Elmusa, 1992, p. 246.
- Khalidi, 1992, p. 246
- Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter and Kamal Abdulfattah (1977), Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. p. 139.
- Conder and Kitchener, SWP, 1881, II, p.251. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p.246
- E. Mills, ed. (1932), Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas, Jerusalem: Government of Palestine, p. 14
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p.95 Also in Khalidi, 1992, p.246-247
- Khalidi, 1992, p. 247
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jarisha.|
- Ben-Tor, Amnon; Greenberg, R., The archaeology of ancient Israel
- Conder, Claude Reignier and H.H. Kitchener (1881): The Survey of Western Palestine: memoirs of the topography, orography, hydrography, and archaeology. London:Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund. vol 2
- Hadawi, Sami (1970), Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine, Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center
- Khalidi, Walid; Elmusa, Sharif S. (1992), All that Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948, Institute for Palestine Studies, ISBN 0-88728-224-5, 9780887282249 Check
- Mann, Barbara E. (2006), A Place in History: Modernism, Tel Aviv, and the Creation of Jewish Urban Space, Stanford University Press, ISBN 0-8047-5019-X, 9780804750196 Check
- Morris, Benny (2004): The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited, Cambridge University Press ISBN 0-521-00967-7