Jarmila Kratochvílová

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Jarmila Kratochvílová
Jarmila Kratochvílová.jpg
Medal record
Women's Athletics
Competitor for  Czechoslovakia
Olympic Games
Silver 1980 Moscow 400 m
World Championships
Gold 1983 Helsinki 400 m
Gold 1983 Helsinki 800 m
Silver 1983 Helsinki 4x400 m relay
European Championships
Silver 1982 Athens 400 m
Silver 1982 Athens 4x400 m relay
European Indoor Championships
Gold 1981 Grenoble 400 m
Gold 1982 Milan 400 m
Gold 1983 Budapest 400 m

Jarmila Kratochvílová (Czech pronunciation: [ˈjarmɪla ˈkratoxviːlovaː] ( ); born 26 January 1951) is a Czech former athlete.[1] She won the 400 metres and 800 metres at the 1983 World Championships, setting a world record in the 400 m.[2] She also set the world record for the 800 metre in 1983, which is still the world record and is currently the longest-standing individual world record in Track and Field. Only one athlete, Pamela Jelimo in 2008, has run within a second of that record time since that date in 1983.

Biography[edit]

In 1983, Kratochvílová broke the 800 m world record with a time of 1:53.28. At the World Championships shortly afterwards, she won the 800 m and set a world record of 47.99 seconds to win the 400 m.[3]

Kratochvílová's 1983 400-metre world record of 47.99 seconds stood for only 2 years until it was broken by Marita Koch in 1985. Koch's 400 metre world record of 47.60 seconds still stands as of 23 July, 2014.[4]

Koch and Kratochvílová are the only women who have broken the 48 second barrier in a 400-metre laned race.[4]

Kratochvílová's remarkably fast times and her atypical physique[5] spawned rumors of illegal drug use.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Jarmila Kratochvílová". databaseolympics.com. Roto Sports. Retrieved 26 October 2012. 
  2. ^ "Jarmila KRATOCHVILOVA". sporting-heroes.net. Retrieved 8 May 2013. 
  3. ^ Matthews, Peter (2012). Historical Dictionary of Track and Field. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press. p. 128. ISBN 978-0-8108-7985-0. LCCN 2011048496. 
  4. ^ a b http://www.iaaf.org/records/toplists/sprints/400-metres/outdoor/women/senior
  5. ^ Edward McClelland (25 August 2011). "Unbreakable: The women's track and field record book needs to be expunged". Slate. Retrieved 23 July 2013. "broad-shouldered, flat-chested physique […] more like a middleweight boxer's than that of a middle-distance runner" 
  6. ^ David Wharton (August 4, 2009). "Doping at the L.A. Games? Ignorance was bliss". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 4 May 2012. 

External links[edit]

Records
Preceded by
Soviet Union Nadezhda Olizarenko
Women's 800 metres World Record Holder
1983-07-26 —
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Awards
Preceded by
East Germany Marita Koch
United Press International
Athlete of the Year

1983
Succeeded by
United States Martina Navratilova
Preceded by
East Germany Marita Koch
Women's Track & Field Athlete of the Year
1983
Succeeded by
United States Evelyn Ashford