Jarmila Kratochvílová

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Jarmila Kratochvílová
Jarmila Kratochvílová.jpg
Medal record
Women's athletics
Representing  Czechoslovakia
Olympic Games
Silver 1980 Moscow 400 m
World Championships
Gold 1983 Helsinki 400 m
Gold 1983 Helsinki 800 m
Silver 1983 Helsinki 4x400 m relay
European Athletics Championships
Silver 1982 Athens 400 m
Silver 1982 Athens 4x400 m relay
European Athletics Indoor Championships
Gold 1981 Grenoble 400 m
Gold 1982 Milan 400 m
Gold 1983 Budapest 400 m

Jarmila Kratochvílová (Czech pronunciation: [ˈjarmɪla ˈkratoxviːlovaː] ( ); born 26 January 1951 in Golčův Jeníkov)[1] is a Czech former track and field athlete.[2] She won the 400 metres and 800 metres at the 1983 World Championships, setting a world record in the 400 m.[3] She also set the world record for the 800 metre in 1983, which is still the world record and is currently the longest-standing individual world record in athletics. Only one athlete, Pamela Jelimo in 2008, has run within a second of that record time since that date in 1983.

Biography[edit]

In 1983, Kratochvílová broke the 800 m world record with a time of 1:53.28. At the World Championships shortly afterwards, she won the 800 m and set a world record of 47.99 seconds to win the 400 m.[4]

Kratochvílová's 1983 400-metre world record of 47.99 seconds stood for only 2 years until it was broken by Marita Koch in 1985. Koch's 400 metre world record of 47.60 seconds still stands as of 2014.[5]

Koch and Kratochvílová are the only women who have broken the 48 second barrier in a 400-metre laned race.[5]

Kratochvílová's remarkably fast times and her atypical physique[6] spawned rumors of illegal drug use.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jarmila Kratochvílová. Sports Reference. Retrieved on 2014-09-28.
  2. ^ "Jarmila Kratochvílová". databaseolympics.com. Roto Sports. Retrieved 26 October 2012. 
  3. ^ "Jarmila KRATOCHVILOVA". sporting-heroes.net. Retrieved 8 May 2013. 
  4. ^ Matthews, Peter (2012). Historical Dictionary of Track and Field. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press. p. 128. ISBN 978-0-8108-7985-0. LCCN 2011048496. 
  5. ^ a b http://www.iaaf.org/records/toplists/sprints/400-metres/outdoor/women/senior
  6. ^ Edward McClelland (25 August 2011). "Unbreakable: The women's track and field record book needs to be expunged". Slate. Retrieved 23 July 2013. "broad-shouldered, flat-chested physique […] more like a middleweight boxer's than that of a middle-distance runner" 
  7. ^ David Wharton (August 4, 2009). "Doping at the L.A. Games? Ignorance was bliss". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 4 May 2012. 

External links[edit]

Records
Preceded by
Nadezhda Olizarenko
Women's 800 metres World Record Holder
1983-07-26 —
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Awards
Preceded by
Marita Koch
United Press International
Athlete of the Year

1983
Succeeded by
Martina Navratilova
Preceded by
Marita Koch
Women's Track & Field Athlete of the Year
1983
Succeeded by
Evelyn Ashford