Jaro, Iloilo City
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|District of Jaro
Distrito sang Jaro
Distrito ng Jaro (Tagalog)
Distrito de Jaro (Spanish)
|Nickname(s): "City Within a City"; "Seat of the Archbishopric of Jaro"|
|Region||Western Visayas (Region VI)|
|Incorporated||July 16, 1937 (Iloilo City)|
|• Mayor||Jed Patrick Mabilog (Liberal) (Mayor of Iloilo City)|
|• City District||27 km2 (10 sq mi)|
|Elevation||-2 to 6 m (-6.5 to 20 ft)|
|• City District||343,829|
|Demonym||Jaroeño/Jareño, Taga-Jaro, Salognon|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Patron Saint||Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria (Our Lady of Candles)|
|Feast Day||February 2|
|Archdiocese of Jaro
|Territory||San Carlos, Kabankalan, San Jose de Buenavista|
|Metropolitan||Jaro, Iloilo City, Iloilo|
|Rite||Roman Rite or Latin Rite|
|Established||May 27, 1865 (Diocese), June 29, 1951 (Archdiocese)|
|Cathedral||Jaro Metropolitan Cathedral, Jaro, Iloilo City|
|Patron saint||St. Elizabeth of Hungary|
|Archbishop||Most Rev. Angel N. Lagdameo, D.D.|
|Auxiliary Bishops||Most. Rev. Gerardo Alminaza, D.D.|
Jaro is one of the six districts of Iloilo City, in the province of Iloilo, on the island of Panay, in the Western Visayas region of the Philippines. It is a former separate city that lends its name to the Archdiocese of Jaro, which covers the provinces of Iloilo and Guimaras and is the metropolitan of Western Visayas.
Its original name was Salog or Saro. It was also referred to as "Ilaya" or "mountain/dry land" together with La Paz which was referred to as "Ilawod" or "sea/wet land". It had been one of the richer areas of Iloilo City even during the Spanish colonial period (1521-1898) and probably the richest town of the entire colony. Historical artifacts indicate that it had once conducted trade with China and Siam (Thailand) due to its port along the navigable river that ran through the town. It was also the center of religious and economic power in the Visayas during the Spanish rule.
Jaro officially became a city in 1886. La Paz, Iloilo City was a part of Jaro until it became independent from Jaro and became a Town and incorporated into the City of Iloilo. It was later absorbed by the City of Iloilo along with the neighboring towns of Molo, Mandurriao, La Paz and Arevalo in the early 20th century when all economic activities were shifted to the port of Iloilo.
Located between Dungon Creek and the Jaro River, Jaro fulfills the ideal design for establishing communities during that era: a site between two rivers, with a church and plaza in the center, and homes of affluent families in the vicinity. The church is the famous Parish of Our Lady of Candles, also known as the Jaro Metropolitan Cathedral, the headquarters of the Archdiocese of Jaro and the site of a miraculous statue of the Virgin Mary, which was canonically crowned by the late Pope John Paul II during his visit in 1982. The image is the only religious icon in the country to have been personally crowned by a Pope.
Jaro's celebration of the Feast of Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria (Our Lady of the Candles) every February 2 is well known in the Philippines. The fiesta features pageantry with a fiesta queen from one of the prominent families of the place, and a cockfight at the Iloilo Coliseum, where cockfighting aficionados from all over the Philippines converge.
The district is notable for its large amount of nineteenth-century architecture. Straddling the main plaza is the antique Jaro Cathedral and the Palasyo, the Archbishop's residence.
Majority of the mestizo families from Iloilo came from this town, because it was a center and main port during Spanish period and many Spanish traders married natives and settled on the island.
Besides the Archdiocese of Jaro, the district includes the headquarters of the Convention of Philippine Baptist Churches, as well as the first Baptist church in the Philippines, the Jaro Evangelical Church, founded in 1901, and the 2nd Protestant University in the Philippines, Central Philippine University.
- St. Vincent Ferrer Seminary (Founded 1865 - the oldest institution of higher education in Western Visayas)
- Colegio de San Jose (Founded 1872)
- University of San Agustin- High School Campus (Founded 1904)
- Central Philippine University (Founded 1905)
- De Paul College
- Angelicum School Iloilo (Founded 1978)
- Pius XII Institute
- AMA Computer College
- West Visayas State University
- Philippine Science High School Western Visayas Campus (founded 1992)
- Rakisto University
Also found in the district is the St. Joseph Regional Seminary, in Cubay. It is a theology seminary, as St. Vincent Seminary is a juniorate and philosophy seminary.
- Jaro Belfry, ruined in a 1948 earthquake, but now restored. One of the few belfries in the country that stands apart from the church.
- Jaro Plaza, now called the Graciano Lopez Jaena Park, is the center of activity in Jaro and is surrounded by the Jaro Cathedral, the Jaro Belfry, several old mansions, the former Jaro City Hall and the Archbishop’s Palace.
- Jaro Cathedral, The Jaro Cathedral (Church of St. Elizabeth of Hungary) was built in 1864, the year the district was named a diocese by Pope Pius IX, by order of Mariano Cuartero, first bishop of Jaro. Destroyed in the quake of January 1948 and restored by order of Jose Ma. Cuenco, first archbishop of Jaro in 1956. The cathedral’s style is basically Baroque, with the addition of Gothic elements over many renovations.This has been approved by the CBCP as the National Shrine of Our Lady of Candles.
- Archbishop's Palace, the residence of the Archbishop of Jaro. It is located southwest of the Jaro Cathedral and southeast of the Jaro Plaza.
- St. Vincent Ferrer Seminary
- Nelly Garden, the Lopez Mansion, also known as Nelly Garden, is one of the landmarks of Iloilo and a much-desired wedding venue due to its elegant facade and garden surroundings.
- Casa Montinola y Sanson, the house is reminiscent of the Gaston house in Silay City, Negros Occidental.
- Lizares Mansion, it was once the mansion of the Lizares family but was now turned into a school, Angelicum School Iloilo.
- Central Philippine University, the 24-hectare campus of CPU was chosen and declared as a tourism site by the Iloilo City Council. It was founded by the pioneer Protestant (Baptist) missionary, Rev. William Orison Valentine on 1905.
- University of San Agustin H.S.
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- Graciano Lopez Jaena - great revolutionary hero, editor, orator, journalist, writer of "La Solidaridad"
- Fernando López - former Vice-President of the Philippines and brother of Eugenio Lopez Sr.
- Eugenio Lopez Sr. - former Chairman of the Lopez Group of Companies
- Eugenio Lopez, Jr. - former Chairman Emeritus of ABS-CBN
- Eugenio Lopez III - present Chairman of ABS-CBN
- Raul M. Gonzalez - former Secretary of Justice of the Philippines
- Magdalena Jalandoni - Hiligaynon poetess
- Jaime Cardinal Sin-former Archbishop of Jaro and Manila
- Gil Lopez Kabayao - renowned violinist
- Miriam Defensor-Santiago - Senator
- Franklin Drilon - Senator
- History of Panay, Felix B. Regalado, Quintin B. Franco, Central Philippine University, 1973
- Salvilla, Rex S. (2003-01-30). "Iloilo Coliseum: World's biggest cockpit". Sun.Star Iloilo. Retrieved 2009-08-05.