Jaroslav Drobný

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For the Czech footballer, see Jaroslav Drobný (footballer).
Jaroslav Drobný
Erlangen in 1955, Jaroslav Drobný at the International Tennis Tournament for the Golden Glove.png
International Tennis Tournament for the Golden Glove, Erlangen 1955
Country  Czechoslovakia
Egypt Egypt
 United Kingdom
Born (1921-10-12)12 October 1921
Prague, Czechoslovakia
Died 13 September 2001(2001-09-13) (aged 79)
Tooting, London, UK, UK
Turned pro 1938 (amateur tour)
Retired 1969
Plays Left-handed (one-handed backhand)
Int. Tennis HOF 1983 (member page)
Singles
Career record 398–107
Career titles 140
Highest ranking No. 1 (1954, Lance Tingay)[1]
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian Open 2R (1950)
French Open W (1951, 1952)
Wimbledon W (1954)
US Open SF (1947, 1948)
Doubles
Grand Slam Doubles results
Australian Open F (1950)
French Open W (1948)
Wimbledon F (1951)
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
French Open W (1948)
Wimbledon SF (1948)
Jaroslav Drobný
Medal record
Men's ice hockey
Olympic Games
Silver 1948 Team Competition
World Championships
Gold 1947 Team Competition

Jaroslav Drobný (Czech pronunciation: [ˈjaroslav ˈdrobniː];[2] 12 October 1921 in Prague, Czechoslovakia – 13 September 2001 in London, UK) was a former World No. 1 amateur tennis champion as well as being an ice hockey player. He left Czechoslovakia in 1949 and travelled as an Egyptian citizen before becoming a citizen of Great Britain in 1959, where he died in 2001. In 1954, he became the first and, to date, only player with African citizenship to win the Wimbledon Championships.

Tennis career[edit]

Drobný began playing tennis at age five and, as a ball-boy, watched world-class players including compatriot Karel Koželuh.[3] He played in his first Wimbledon Championship in 1938, losing in the first round to Alejandro Russell. After World War II Drobný was good enough to be able to beat Jack Kramer in the fourth round of the 1946 Wimbledon Championship before losing in the semi-finals.[4] In 1951 and 1952 he won the French Open, defeating in the final Eric Sturgess and then retaining the title the following year against Frank Sedgman. Drobný was the losing finalist at Wimbledon in both 1949 and 1952 before finally winning it in 1954 by beating Ken Rosewall for the title, the first left-hander to capture Wimbledon since Norman Brookes.[5] Drobný was ranked World No. 1 in 1954 by Lance Tingay of the Daily Telegraph.[1] He has also won the French Open doubles title in 1948, playing with Lennart Bergelin, and he won the mixed doubles title paired with Patricia Canning Todd at 1948 French Open.

Drobný held the distinction of having competed at Wimbledon under four different national identities. In 1938, at the age of 16, he started for his native Czechoslovakia. A year later, following the German invasion and occupation of Czechoslovakia, he was officially representing the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. After World War II, he started at Wimbledon yet again as Czechoslovakian but chose to defect from the communist regime in 1949 – he left Czechoslovakia for good on 11 July 1949.

Defection[edit]

After the Czechoslovak coup d'état of 1948, Drobný became increasingly dissatisfied with the way the communist propaganda used him for its purposes. At the time, he was Czechoslovakia's most renowned athlete together with the phenomenal long-distance runner Emil Zátopek. Increasingly, it was becoming apparent to Drobný that he was no longer free to travel freely to tournaments and he grew dissatisfied with the new regime. That ultimately escalated in his defection from his native land.

Drobný defected from Czechoslovakia together with a fellow Czech Davis Cup player Vladimír Černík while playing at a tennis tournament in Gstaad, Switzerland in July 1949. "All I had," he wrote later, "was a couple of shirts, the proverbial toothbrush and $50."[3] Drobný and Černík were the core of the Czechoslovakian Davis Cup team. Twice, the two of them had carried their country to the Davis Cup semifinals, losing to Australia in 1947 and in 1948.

Becoming stateless, Drobný attempted to gain Swiss, US and Australian papers until finally Egypt offered him citizenship and so he started in Wimbledon for Egypt from 1950 through 1959, including his title winning run in 1954. He is the only Egyptian citizen ever to win a grand slam tennis tournament. At the time of his Wimbledon win in 1954, Drobný was already living in the United Kingdom but only in his final appearance at Wimbledon in 1960, at the age of 38, was he representing his new homeland, Great Britain.

Resumé[edit]

During his amateur career, Drobný won over 130 singles titles, and was world ranked in the top 10 from 1946–55. Drobný was inducted in the International Tennis Hall of Fame in Newport, Rhode Island in 1983. He is the only person to win the rare combination of Wimbledon in tennis and a world championship title in ice hockey.

In total, Drobný started in Wimbledon 17 times, always sporting his trademark tinted prescription glasses as an old hockey injury affected his eyesight. Drobný is the only male tennis player who ever won a Wimbledon singles title while wearing glasses. Billie-Jean King and Martina Navratilova are the only female Wimbledon champions wearing glasses. Arthur Ashe, who was known for playing with spectacles, had switched to contact lenses by the time he won Wimbledon in 1975.

Drobný also has the distinction of winning the most clay court titles of anyone in history (over 90).

Ice hockey career[edit]

From 1938 to 1949 Drobný played center in the Czechoslovakian ice hockey league.[3] He was a Silver medalist with the Czechoslovakian ice hockey team in the 1948 Olympics. In the final match, Czechoslovakia and Canada tied goalless but Canada won the gold medal due to a better overall goal average. Drobný scored 9 goals in 8 games at the Olympics. Jaroslav Drobný was also a member of the Czechoslovakian national ice hockey team which won the gold medals at the 1947 World Ice Hockey Championships in Prague. He scored 15 goals in 7 games in the tournament including a hat-trick in the decisive victory over USA which gave his country its first ever World Championships title. In 1997, Drobný was inducted in the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF) Hall of Fame.[6] Drobný could have become the first ever European player to start in the National Hockey League when the Boston Bruins put him on their reserve in 1949. Apparently, he was offered $20,000 to come over to play for Boston but he refused, preferring to remain playing amateur ice hockey and retain the flexibility to play tennis during the summers.[7] The first European to play in the NHL eventually became Ulf Sterner from Sweden when he started for the New York Rangers for the first time on 27 January 1965.

Jaroslav Drobný's plaque at the 1st Czech Lawn Tennis Club in Prague

Autobiography[edit]

In 1955, Jaroslav Drobný published his autobiography titled Champion in Exile. He was married to Rita Anderson Jarvis, onetime English tournament player. He died 13 September 2001 in Tooting, London aged 79.[8]

Grand Slam record[edit]

Australian Championships

  • Men's Doubles runner-up: 1950

French Championships

  • Singles champion: 1951, 1952
  • Singles runner-up: 1946, 1948, 1950
  • Men's Doubles champion: 1948
  • Men's Doubles runner-up: 1950
  • Mixed Doubles champion: 1948

Wimbledon

  • Singles champion: 1954
  • Singles runner-up: 1949, 1952
  • Men's Doubles runner-up: 1951

Grand Slam finals[edit]

Singles: 8 (3 titles, 5 runner-ups)[edit]

Result Year Championship Surface Opponent in the final Score in the final
Runner-up 1946 French Championships Clay France Marcel Bernard 3–6, 2–6, 6–1, 6–4, 6–3
Runner-up 1948 French Championships Clay United States Frank Parker 6–4, 7–5, 5–7, 8–6
Runner-up 1949 Wimbledon Grass United States Ted Schroeder 3–6, 6–0, 6–3, 4–6, 6–4
Runner-up 1950 French Championships Clay United States Budge Patty 6–1, 6–2, 3–6, 5–7, 7–5
Winner 1951 French Championships Clay South Africa Eric Sturgess 6–3, 6–3, 6–3
Winner 1952 French Championships (2) Clay Australia Frank Sedgman 6–2, 6–0, 3–6, 6–4
Runner-up 1952 Wimbledon Grass Australia Frank Sedgman 4–6, 6–2, 6–3, 6–2
Winner 1954 Wimbledon Grass Australia Ken Rosewall 13–11, 4–6, 6–2, 9–7

Doubles: 4 (1 title, 3 runner-up)[edit]

Result Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents in the final Score in the final
Winner 1948 French Championships Clay Sweden Lennart Bergelin Australia Harry Hopman
Australia Frank Sedgman
8–6, 6–1, 12–10
Runner-up 1950 French Championships Clay United States Bill Talbert United States Tony Trabert
South Africa Eric Sturgess
6–2, 1–6, 10–8, 6–2
Runner-up 1950 Australian Championships Grass South Africa Eric Sturgess Australia John Bromwich
Australia Adrian Quist
6–3, 5–7, 4–6, 6–3, 8–6
Runner-up 1951 Wimbledon Grass South Africa Eric Sturgess Australia Ken McGregor
Australia Frank Sedgman
3–6, 6–2, 6–3, 3–6, 6–3

Mixed Doubles: 1 (1 title)[edit]

Result Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents in the final Score in the final
Winner 1948 French Championships Clay United States Patricia Canning Todd United States Doris Hart
Australia Frank Sedgman
6–3, 3–6, 6–3

In popular culture[edit]

Ivan Blatný wrote a poem called Wimbledon which addresses Drobný.[9][10][11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b United States Lawn Tennis Association (1972). Official Encyclopedia of Tennis (First Edition), p. 426.
  2. ^ Jaroslav in isolation: [ˈjaroslaf].
  3. ^ a b c "Jaroslav Drobny". The Guardian. 5 September 2001. Retrieved 5 July 2012. 
  4. ^ "Wimbledon – The Championships 1946 – Gentlemen's Singles" (PDF). AELTC. 
  5. ^ "Wimbledon draws archive – 1954 Gentlemen's Singles". AELTC. 
  6. ^ "IIHF Hall of Fame". International Ice Hockey Federation. 
  7. ^ Grasso, John (2011). Historical Dictionary of Tennis. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press. pp. 88,89. ISBN 978-0810872370. 
  8. ^ "Jaroslav Drobny". Telegraph Newspaper. 15 September 2001. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 
  9. ^ Ivan Blatný, Wimbledon, in English
  10. ^ Jaroslav Drobný's profile in the International Tennis Hall of Fame
  11. ^ Jaroslav Drobný's profile by the International Ice Hockey Federation

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Wallechinsky, David and Jaime Loucky (2009). "Ice Hockey: Men". In The Complete Book of the Winter Olympics: 2010 Edition. London: Aurum Press Limited. p. 23.
  • Drobný, Jaroslav (1955). Champion in Exile: The Autobiography of Jaroslav Drobny. London: Hodder and Stoughton. OCLC 1115128.