Jarrow (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 54°58′37″N 1°27′00″W / 54.977°N 1.450°W / 54.977; -1.450

Jarrow
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Jarrow in Tyne and Wear.
Outline map
Location of Tyne and Wear within England.
County Tyne and Wear
Electorate 65,047 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Jarrow
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of Parliament Stephen Hepburn (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from South Durham
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North East England

Jarrow is a constituency[n 1] ESE of and adjoining Newcastle upon Tyne represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament by Stephen Hepburn of the Labour Party.[n 2]

History[edit]

The seat was created in the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885. The last Liberal to serve the seat lost the 1922 election and the last Conservative to serve the seat held it from 1931 until 1935, since which it has been served by politicians in the Labour Party.

Boundaries[edit]

Following boundary changes taking effect at the 2010 general election, the constituency consists of part of the metropolitan district of South Tyneside, including the settlements of Jarrow, Boldon, Cleadon and Hebburn, as well as two wards from the adjacent Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead, covering Pelaw and Wardley.[2]

Constituency profile[edit]

In 2005 The Guardian described the constiuency as:

'[A] former shipbuilding town south of Newcastle famous for its march against unemployment in the 1930s.'

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[3] Party
1885 Charles Mark Palmer Liberal
1907 by-election Peter Francis Curran Labour
Jan 1910 Godfrey Mark Palmer Liberal
1922 Robert John Wilson Labour
1931 William George Pearson Conservative
1935 Ellen Wilkinson Labour
1947 by-election Ernest Fernyhough Labour
1979 Don Dixon Labour
1997 Stephen Hepburn Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Jarrow[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Stephen Hepburn 20,910 53.9 −4.9
Conservative Jeff Milburn 8,002 20.6 +7.8
Liberal Democrat Tom Appleby 7,163 18.5 −4.0
BNP Andy Swaddle 2,709 7.0 +7.0
Majority 12,908 33.3
Turnout 38,784 60.3 +5.5
Labour hold Swing −6.4

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Jarrow
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Stephen Hepburn 20,554 60.5 −5.6
Liberal Democrat Bill Schardt 6,650 19.6 +4.6
Conservative Linkson A.S. Jack 4,807 14.1 −0.6
UKIP Alan Badger 1,567 4.6 +2.5
Safeguard the National Health Service Roger Nettleship 400 1.2 N/A
Majority 13,904 40.9
Turnout 33,978 55.0 −0.1
Labour hold Swing −5.1
General Election 2001: Jarrow
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Stephen Hepburn 22,777 66.1 +1.2
Liberal Democrat James Selby 5,182 15.0 +4.0
Conservative Donald Wood 5,056 14.7 −0.3
UKIP Alan Badger 716 2.1 N/A
Independent Alan J. Le Blond 391 1.1 N/A
Socialist (GB) John Bissett 357 1.0 +0.0
Majority 17,595 51.1
Turnout 34,479 55.1 −13.6
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Jarrow
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Stephen Hepburn 28,497 64.9 +2.8
Conservative Mark C. Allatt 6,564 14.9 −8.8
Liberal Democrat Tim N. Stone 4,865 11.1 −3.1
Independent Labour Alan J. Le Blond 2,538 5.8 N/A
Referendum Party Peter W. Mailer 1,034 2.4 N/A
Socialist (GB) John Bissett 444 1.0 N/A
Majority 21,933 49.9
Turnout 43,942 68.7
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1992: Jarrow[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Don Dixon 28,956 62.1 −1.3
Conservative Terence F. Ward 11,049 23.7 +0.5
Liberal Democrat Keith Orrell 6,608 14.2 +0.8
Majority 17,907 38.4 −1.8
Turnout 46,613 74.4 +0.1
Labour hold Swing −0.9

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Jarrow
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Don Dixon 29,651 63.4 +7.9
Conservative P.S. Yeoman 10,856 23.2 −1.6
Liberal Peter Freitag 6,230 13.3 −6.7
Majority 18,795 40.2
Turnout 46,737 74.4
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Jarrow
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Don Dixon 25,151 55.3
Conservative Miss S. Copland 11,274 24.8
Liberal John A. Lennox 9,094 20.0
Majority 13,877 30.5
Turnout 45,519 71.4
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Jarrow
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Don Dixon 24,057 55.8 −7.0
Conservative D. Auld 12,529 29.1 +6.8
Liberal A. McDonnell 3,907 9.1 −5.8
Independent Labour H. Downey 2,247 5.2 N/A
Independent N. Brown 374 0.9 N/A
Majority 11,528 26.7
Turnout 43,114 77.5
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Jarrow
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ernest Fernyhough 24,558 62.8 −3.9
Conservative B. Bolam 8,707 22.3 −10.0
Liberal L. Ormston 5,818 14.9 N/A
Majority 15,851 40.6
Turnout 39,083 71.4
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Jarrow
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ernest Fernyhough 27,740 66.7
Conservative B. Bolam 13,848 33.3
Majority 13,892 33.4
Turnout 41,588 86.8
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1970: Jarrow
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ernest Fernyhough 25,861 63.5
Conservative D.J. Robson 14,847 36.5
Majority 11,014 27.1
Turnout 40,708 74.4
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Jarrow
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ernest Fernyhough 26,006 67.6
Conservative D.J. Robson 12,449 32.4
Majority 13,557 35.3
Turnout 38,455 76.7
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Jarrow
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ernest Fernyhough 26,053 64.2
Conservative T.T. Hubble 14,503 35.8
Majority 11,550 28.5
Turnout 40,556 80.0
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Jarrow
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ernest Fernyhough 25,638 62.7
Conservative T.T. Hubble 15,286 37.4
Majority 10,352 25.3
Turnout 40,924 80.3
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Jarrow
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ernest Fernyhough 24,706 63.3
Conservative M. Dickinson 14,304 36.4
Majority 10,402 26.7
Turnout 39,010 79.1
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Jarrow
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ernest Fernyhough 35,963 66.2
Conservative J.L. Cox 19,217 34.8
Majority 16,746 30.4
Turnout 55,180 84.6
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: Jarrow
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ernest Fernyhough 33,751 63.0
Conservative J.L. Cox 16,895 31.5
Liberal E. Chalkley 2,940 5.5
Majority 16,856 31.5
Turnout 53,586 82.8
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Jarrow
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ellen Wilkinson 22,656 66.0
Liberal National S. Holmes 11,649 34.0
Majority 11,007 32.1
Turnout 34,305 82.4
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Jarrow
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ellen Wilkinson 20,324 53.1 +7.2
Conservative William George Pearson 17,974 46.9 −7.2
Majority 2,350 6.1
Turnout 38,298 80.8
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1931: Jarrow
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William George Pearson 21,263 54.1
Labour Robert John Wilson 18,071 45.9
Majority 3,192 8.1
Turnout 39,334 80.5
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Jarrow[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Godfrey Mark Palmer 4,885 34.0
Labour Peter Francis Curran 4,818 33.5
Conservative James Kirkley 4,668 32.5
Majority 67 0.5
Turnout 14,371
Liberal gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Jarrow by-election, 1907
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Peter Francis Curran 4,698 33.0
Conservative Patrick Rose-Innes 3,930 27.6 N/A
Liberal Spencer Leigh-Hughes 3,474 24.4
Irish Parliamentary John O'Hanlon 2,122 14.9 N/A
Majority 768 5.4
Turnout 14,224
Labour gain from Liberal Swing
Charles Palmer
General Election 1906: Jarrow
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir Charles Mark Palmer 8,047
Labour Peter Francis Curran 5,093
Majority 2,954 22.5
Turnout 13,140
Liberal hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "Final Recommendations for Parliamentary Constituencies in Tyne and Wear". Boundary Commission for England. 2006-05-10. Retrieved 2010-04-23. [dead link]
  3. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "J" [self-published source][better source needed]
  4. ^ http://www.southtyneside.info/localdemocracy/elections/elections2010/general-election.asp
  5. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  6. ^ Times House of Commons, 1910; Politico’s Publishing, 2004 p62