Jarwal

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for the Mecca, Saudi Arabia neighborhood see Jarwal (Mecca neighborhood)
Jarwal
city
Jarwal is located in Uttar Pradesh
Jarwal
Jarwal
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 27°10′N 81°33′E / 27.17°N 81.55°E / 27.17; 81.55Coordinates: 27°10′N 81°33′E / 27.17°N 81.55°E / 27.17; 81.55
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Bahraich
Elevation 117 m (384 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 15,777
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Jarwal is a town and a nagar panchayat in Bahraich district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

Geography[edit]

Jarwal is located at 27°10′N 81°33′E / 27.17°N 81.55°E / 27.17; 81.55.[1] It has an average elevation of 117 metres (383 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[2] Jarwal had a population of 15,777. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Jarwal has an average literacy rate of 34%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 42%, and female literacy is 26%. In Jarwal, 22% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Religions in Jarwal
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
39%
Muslims
  
60%
Jains
  
0.7%
Others†
  
0.3%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

Jarwal Road railway station[edit]

Jarwal Road is a small station 55 km from District Headquarters and lies on Delhi-barauni line.

Sayyids of Jarwal[edit]

Many of the early Sufi saints that came to North India belonged to Sayyid families. Most of these Sayyid families came from Central Asia and Iran, but some also originate from Yemen, Oman, Iraq and Bahrain. Perhaps the most famous Sufi was Syed Salar Masud, from whom many of the Sayyid families of Awadh claim their descent.[3] Sayyids of Jarwal (Bahraich), Kintoor (Barabanki) and Zaidpur (Barabanki) were well known Taluqadars (feudal lords) of Awadh province.[4]

In Jarwal, Bahraich, the Sayyid line derived from Sayyid Zakariyya, who fled Iran during the Mongol invasion by Genghis Khan, obtaining a 15,000 bigha grant from the Delhi sovereign, Ghiyathu'd-Din. They got settled in Jarwal after moving from Persia to Lahore to Delhi to Barabanki. In 1800 the Jarwal Sayyids, some of them Shi‘is, displaced the Ansari Shaykhs and came to hold 276 out of 365 villages in the parganah, although their holdings thereafter declined rapidly to (a still formidable) 76 villages in 1877.[5][6][7][8] Khateeb-ul-Iman Maulana Syed Muzaffar Husain Rizvi Tahir Jarwali (1932-Dec 1987) a Shia religious leader and social worker, was one of the prominent Jarwali Sayyid and celebrated preacher of late 20th century (1970s & 80s), he was also General Secretary of All India Shia Conference for some time.[9][10][11]

Places with same name[edit]

  • Jarwal is also name of a section of populated place situated in Makkah, Saudi Arabia, its geographical coordinates are 21° 25' 58" North, 39° 49' 7" East [1], [2], [3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Jarwal
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  3. ^ People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part Three, edited by A Hasan & J C Das
  4. ^ King Wajid Ali Shah of Awadh, Volume 1 by Mirza Ali Azhar, Royal Book Co., 1982
  5. ^ Gazetteer of the Province of Oudh 1:141; 2:83, 99-100.
  6. ^ The North-Western Provinces of India: Their History, Ethnology, and Administration, Asian Educational Services, 01-Jan-1998
  7. ^ Muslims in Avadh by Mirza Azhar Ali, page 71
  8. ^ The imperial gazetteer of India by W.W. Hunter, 1881
  9. ^ The Twelver Shîʻa as a Muslim Minority in India: Pulpit of Tears By Toby M. Howarth
  10. ^ The Light, Volumes 22-23. Bilal Muslim Mission of Tanzania. p. 3. 
  11. ^ Nadeem Hasnain; Sheikh Abrar Husain (1988). Shias and Shia Islam in India: a study in society and culture. Harnam Publications. p. 6.