Jarwar

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Jarwar
Total population
30,000 (est:)
Regions with significant populations
Languages
Balochi, Sindhi, Siraiki
Religion
Sunni, Shia, Sufi
Related ethnic groups
Other Baloch tribes

Jarwar (Urdu: جروار ‎) is a sub-tribe from the Gazini branch of Marri Baloch.[1][page needed][2] Although some families of Jarwar are still living in their native place near Kahan but they are now mainly split into various groups and living in many areas of Balochistan, Sindh and Southern [[Punjab(Dera Ghazi Khan, Shah Sadar Din( مواضعات خاص جروار،چک جروار،قادرہ جروار،پتی تلی،گزی)& Taunsa Sharifمواضعات گلگلا،جتوالا،ریتڑہ،جھنگرہ،وہوا،ہرنا،بالچانی،ببیٹ بھیڈ والی،کالو والا (Pakistan)|Punjab]]. Many Jarwar elders considered this displacement from their native land and splitting into various groups is the result of many problems including tribal disputes, shortage of food for men and their animals, search of peace and food are main reasons for migration and settle at new places.

Etymology[edit]

The etymology of the word Jarwar has been debated since its inception as the name of the tribe. Historian Muhammad hussain unqa described Jawar, jalar and jalwar synonymous Jarar. Jarar means brave. brave served in Islamic lashkar(Lashkar jarwar).Obviously Baloch tribes have Arab background.

Another possible meaning of Jarwar is that it may be a case of combination of two Sindhi words "Jar" means "water" and "war" which means "the person who involved in the management". Therefore Jarwar means "the people who involved in or responsible for the management of water for the irrigational purposes.

History[edit]

Jarwar is one of the oldest sub-tribes of Marri. In the first decades of 18th century, they started a systematic migration from the barren hilly area of the Kohistan-e-Marri to the plain lands of “Sevi” now Sibi, Dera Allah Yar Jafarabad, Naseerabad, Jacobabad,Shahdadpur Hyderabad Sindh, and Dera Ghazi Khan in search of a better life and to keep themselves safe from the ongoing feuds and bloody disputes among various sub-tribes of Marri. This tendency followed extremely by the next generations of Jarwar tribesmen to the last decades of 20th century. After the first migration from their native land, they did not unite on their selection of next destinations and separated from each other in various small groups to different directions and routs.

Languages[edit]

The Majority of Jarwar tribe speak balochi language. Most of the Jarwar tribesmen, who live in various districts of Balochistan (Pakistan) and in areas ofSindh]] specially in Badin, Mirpur Khas, Digri, Judo, Kashmore and Jacobabad districts speak Balochi. Also a large community of Jarwar tribesmen living in the Rajasthan state of India speaks Balochi.

With Balochi language, Jarwar people living in Shahdadkot, Kamber, Larkana, Sanghar, Hyderabad and Tando Allahyar Districts of Sindh also speak Sindhi language. Some Jarwar of these districts can also speak Siraiki as a tool of communication.

A large community of Jarwar who live in Dera hazi khan [[Punjab (Pakistan)District speak Siraiki language.

Religions[edit]

Almost all Jarwar are Sunni Muslim and a few follow Shiaism.

Customs and Traditions[edit]

The majority of Jarwar tribesmen follow Baloch tribal customs, traditions and values and also believe traditionly in the Tribal System as like of other tribes of Baloch. Traditionally there is one sardar as head of the tribe and a wadera is head of a subtribe. Nawab Khair Bakhsh Marri is the Nawab & sardar ({chief of Marri]], so Nawab Marri is the Sardar of Jarwar people. Wadera Odha, wadera Samad & Jamad represent kahan Jarwar. While shahdad kot Jarwar group follow Haji sardar ali jarwar as head of his Jarwar group. The Jarwar living away from their origion still follow tribal customs and traditions.

Ethnic Qualities[edit]

Jarwar considered to be a peaceful tribe among Marri Baloch people. Basically they are interested in agriculture & Zamindari. Majority of Pakistani Jarwar are educated and are working in Government and private sector services. Very few Jarwar are in business or army. Overseas Jarwar are famous for showing their good hospitality for their fellow tribesmen and countrymen in abroad, especially Saudi Jarwar.

Communities[edit]

There are many communities of Jarwar in Balochistan, Sindh and other areas of Pakistan. Some communities of Jarwar are also found overseas in the United Arab Emirates and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, notably in Medina, Mecca, and Jeddah.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Longworth Dames, Mansel (1904). "The Baloch Race: A Historical and Ethnological Sketch". Asiatic Society Monographs. Vol. IV. Vol. 4 (Royal Asiatic Society). Retrieved 22 April 2014. 
  2. ^ Longworth Dames, Mansel (1906). Popular Poetry of the Baloches (PDF). Vol. 1. David Nutt, 57-59 Longacre, London. Retrieved 22 April 2014.