Image of Jasenovac Municipality within Sisak-Moslavina County
Jasenovac is a village and a municipality in Croatian Slavonia, in the southern part of the Sisak-Moslavina county at the confluence of the river Una into Sava.
The name means "ash tree" or "ash forest" in Croatian, the area being ringed by such a forest. During the Second World War, it was the site of the Holocaust in the Jasenovac concentration camp.
The municipality's population was 2,391 in 2001, 91% (2179) which are Croats and 5.90% (141) which are Serbs. In 1991 situation was different. Total population was 3.599, Croats made up 2.419 (67,21%), while Serbs were noticeable population with 911 (25,31%).
The municipality of Jasenovac consists of 10 villages:
Jasenovac attained tragic notoriety during the Holocaust through the Jasenovac concentration camp giving its name to the Ustaša complex of WWII concentration camps.
In 1991, Serb forces destroyed the local bridge over the Sava linking the town to Bosnia and Herzegovina. The area was subsequently mined. The town was liberated as part of Operation Flash on May 1, 1995. In 2005, a new bridge was opened with financing from Croatia and the European Commission. Demining operations in the area are ongoing.
Jasenovac is home to a library with over 10,000 items. Jasenovac celebrates May 1, the day of its liberation as part of Operation Flash, as its municipal holiday.
Jasenovac houses the headquarters of the Lonjsko Polje Nature Park: the largest protected wetland in Croatia.
The municipality is home to the football club NK Jasenovac.
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Coordinates: 45°16′N 16°55′E / 45.267°N 16.917°E