Jasimuddin

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Jasimuddin
জসীমউদ্দীন
Jasimuddin.jpg
Born (1903-01-01)1 January 1903
Tambulkhana, Faridpur, British Raj (now Bangladesh)
Died 13 March 1976(1976-03-13) (aged 73)
Dhaka, Bangladesh
Occupation Poet, songwriter, writer, radio personality, teacher
Nationality Bangladeshi
Education BA and MA (Bengali)
Alma mater University of Calcutta
Notable award(s)

Jasimuddin (Bengali: জসীমউদ্দীন; full name Jasimuddin Mollah) (1 January 1903 – 13 March 1976)[1] was a Bengali poet, songwriter, prose writer, folklore collector and radio personality. He is commonly known in Bangladesh as Polli Kobi (The Rural Poet), for his faithful rendition of Bengali folklore in his works.

Early life and career[edit]

Jasimuddin was born in the village of Tambulkhana in Faridpur District on 1 January 1903 in the house of his maternal uncle. His father, Ansaruddin Mollah, was a school-teacher.[2] Mother Amina Khatun (Rangachhut) মা আমিনা খাতুন ওরফে রাঙাছুট Jasimuddin received early education at Faridpur Welfare School. He matriculated from Faridpur Zilla School in 1921. Jasimuddin completed IA from Rajendra College in 1924.

Tomb of Jasimuddin

He obtained his BA degree in Bengali from the University of Calcutta in 1929 and his MA in 1931.[2] From 1931 to 1937, Jasimuddin worked with Dinesh Chandra Sen as a collector of folk literature. Jasimuddin is one of the compilers of Purbo-Bongo Gitika (Ballads of East Bengal). He collected more than 10,000 folk songs, some of which has been included in his song compilations Jari Gaan and Murshida Gaan. He also wrote voluminously on the interpretation and philosophy of Bengali folklore.[3]

Jasimuddin joined the University of Dhaka in 1938 as a Lecturer. He left the university in 1944 and joined the Department of Information and Broadcasting. He worked there until his retirement in 1962 as Deputy Director. He was an admirer of Guru Mrityun Jay Sil[2]

Poetry[edit]

Jasimuddin started writing poems at an early age. As a college student, he wrote the celebrated poem Kabar (The Grave), a very simple tone to obtain family-religion and tragedy. The poem was placed in the entrance Bengali textbook while he was still a student of Calcutta University.

Jasimuddin is noted for his depiction of rural life and nature from the viewpoint of rural people. This had earned him fame as Polli Kobi (the rural poet). The structure and content of his poetry bears a strong flavor of Bengal folklore. His Nokshi Kanthar Maath (Field of the Embroidered Quilt) is considered a masterpiece and has been translated into many different languages.

Jasimuddin also composed numerous songs in the tradition of rural Bengal. His collaboration[4] with Abbas Uddin, the most popular folk singer of Bengal, produced some of the gems of Bengali folk music, especially of Bhatiali genre. Jasimuddin also wrote some modern songs for the radio. He was influenced by his neighbor, poet Golam Mostofa, to write Islamic songs too. Later, during the Liberation War of Bangladesh, he wrote some patriotic songs.

Pratidan
 build a home for she
Who has broken mine.
I cry to make my own, she who forsaken me.

She has made me stranger.
While I wander the world over for her,
Endless night has stolen my sleep.
She has broken my home, I build hers.

She has broken my shore, I build hers.
She left my heart broken yet I cry for her
She struck me with poisoned arrow,
Yet my breast is full of song.
A flower in return thron.
I cry all around to make her my own.

She has carved a grave in my heart,
I fill her heart with flowers of love.
The face that speaks harsh language,
I hold that face, and adore it.
I cry to make her my own.

নিমন্ত্রণ
– জসীমউদ্দীন
তুমি যাবে ভাই – যাবে মোর সাথে, আমাদের ছোট গাঁয়,
গাছের ছায়ায় লতায় পাতায় উদাসী বনের বায়;
              মায়া মমতায় জড়াজড়ি করি
              মোর গেহখানি রহিয়াছে ভরি,
মায়ের বুকেতে, বোনের আদরে, ভাইয়ের স্নেহের ছায়,
তুমি যাবে ভাই – যাবে মোর সাথে, আমাদের ছোট গাঁয়,

Music[edit]

One of the most famous lyric and Music by Jasim Uddin


 Snake Charmer / Babu Selam
    O babu, many salams to you
    my name is Goya the Snakecharmer, My home is the Padma river.
    We catch birds
    we live on birds
    There is no end to our happiness,
    For we trade,
    With the jewel on the Cobra's head.

    "We cook on one bank,
    We eat at another
    We have no homes,
    The whole world is our home,
    All men are our brothers
    We look for them
    In every door….."
    (Jasim Uddin)

Major honors and awards[edit]

Death and legacy[edit]

Jasimuddin died on 13 March 1976 and was buried near his ancestral home at Gobindapur, Faridpur. A fortnightly festival known as Jasim Mela is observed at Gobindapur each year in January commemorating the birthday of Jasimuddin.[5] A residential hall of the University of Dhaka bears his name.

Major works[edit]

Poetry[edit]

  • Rakhali (1927)Gobinda Das
  • Nakshi Kanthar Maath (1928)
  • Baluchor (1930)
  • Dhankhet(1933)
  • Sojan Badiyar Ghat (1934)
  • Rangila Nayer Majhi (1935)
  • Hashu (1938)
  • Rupobati (1946)
  • Matir Kanna (1951)
  • Sakina (1959)
  • Suchayani (1961)
  • Bhayabaha Sei Dingulite (1972)
  • Ma je Jononi Kande(1963)
  • Holud Boroni (1966)
  • Jole Lekhon (1969)
  • Padma Nadir Deshe (1969)
  • Beder Meye (1951)
  • Kafoner Michil (1978)
  • Maharom"
  • Dumokho Chand Pahari (1987)

Drama[edit]

  • Padmapar (1950)
  • Beder Meye (1951)
  • Modhubala (1951)
  • Pallibodhu (1956)
  • Gramer Maya (1959)
  • Ogo Pushpodhonu (1968)
  • Asman Shingho (1968)

Novel[edit]

Boba Kahini (1964)

Memoirs[edit]

  • Jader Dekhachi (1951)
  • Thakur Barir Anginay (1961)
  • Jibonkotha (1964)
  • Smritipot (1964)
  • Smaraner Sarani Bahi (1978)

Travelogues[edit]

  • Chole Musafir (1952)
  • Holde Porir Deshe (1967)
  • Je Deshe Manush Boro (1968)
  • Germanir Shahare Bandare (1975)

Music books[edit]

  • Rangila Nayer Majhi
  • Padmapar (1950)
  • Gangerpar
  • Jari Gan
  • Murshida Gan
  • Rakhali Gan
  • Baul

Others[edit]

  • Dalim Kumar (1986)
  • Bangalir Hasir Galpa (Part 1 and 2)

Song titles[edit]

  • Amar sonar moyna pakhi
  • Amar golar har khule ne
  • Amar har kala korlam re
  • Amay bhashaili re
  • Amay eto raate
  • Kemon tomar mata pita
  • Nishithe jaio fulobone
  • Nodir kul nai kinar nai
  • O bondhu rongila
  • Prano shokhire
  • Rangila nayer majhi

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]