Jasminum grandiflorum, also known variously as the Spanish jasmine, Royal jasmine, Catalonian jasmine, among others (chambeli in Urdu) is a species of jasmine native to South Asia (Nepal, Kashmir, and northern Pakistan), the Arabian peninsula (Oman, Saudi Arabia), Northeast Africa (Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia, Sudan), the African Great Lakes (Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda), and the Yunnan and Sichuan regions of China. The species is widely cultivated and is reportedly naturalized in République de Guinée, the Maldive Islands, Mauritius, Réunion, Java, the Cook Islands, Chiapas, Central America, and much of the West Indies.
It is a scrambling deciduous shrub growing to 2–4 m tall. The leaves are opposite, 5–12 cm long, pinnate with 5–11 leaflets. The flowers are produced in open cymes, the individual flowers are white having corolla with a basal tube 13–25 mm long and five lobes 13–22 mm long. The flower's fragrance is unique and sweet.
Two subspecies are recognized:
- Jasminum grandiflorum subsp. floribundum (R.Br. ex Fresen.) P.S.Green (syn., Jasminum floribundum R. Br. ex Fresen.) - African and Arabian portions of natural range
- Jasminum grandiflorum subsp. grandiflorum - South Asian plants as well as cultivars and naturalized populations
In India, its leaves are widely used as an Ayurvedic herbal medicine and its flowers are used to adorn the coiffure of women. In Pakistan, it grows wild in the Salt Range and Rawalpindi District at 500–1500 m altitude. It is closely related to, and sometimes treated as merely a form of, Jasminum officinale. The plant is known as "saman pichcha" or "pichcha" in Sri Lanka. Buddhist and Hindu temples use these flowers in abundance.
It is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant in warm temperate and subtropical regions.
By method of solvent extraction the Jasmine flowers are converted into Jasmine Concrete and Jasmine Oleoresin (sold as Jasmine Absolute). Both products have a huge demand in the fragrance industry.
In Herbal remedies
It is popular as an alternative to standard western allopathic medicine for a variety of problems, including cancer (specially of the bone, lymph nodes and breast) stress relief, anxiety as well as depression. It is an effective remedy for various ailments and this natural holistic approach to health is becoming more and more popular, but should not replace conventional medicine or prescription drugs. Note that is no validated, peer-reviewed science that attests to any of these benefits:
- Stress relief
- easing depression
- dry skin
- conjuctivitis and dermatitis
- cancer (bone, lymph nodes, breast)
- Used in Protein Conditioner - Softness & Shine
- ARS-GRIN.gov article
- Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Jasminum grandiflorum
- Flora of Pakistan: Jasminum grandiflorum
- Flora of China v 15 p 313: Jasminum grandiflorum
- Green, Peter Shaw. 1986. Kew Bulletin 41: 414.
- Fresenius, Johann Baptist Georg Wolfgang. 1837. Museum Senckenbergianum. Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete der Beschreibenden Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Frankfurt am Main 2: 16.
- Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan ISBN 0-333-47494-5.
- Demole E (1962). "Isolement et détermination de la structure du jasmonate de méthyle, constituant odorant caractéristique de l'essence de jasminIsolement et détermination de la structure du jasmonate de méthyle, constituant odorant caractéristique de l'essence de jasmin". Helv Chim Acta 45: 675–85. doi:10.1002/hlca.19620450233.
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