Jason Jones (programmer)
Jason Jones at the Electronic Entertainment Expo, May 2006
July 1, 1971 |
|Occupation||Video game developer|
Jason Jones (born June 1, 1971) is a game developer and programmer who co-founded video game studio Bungie with Alex Seropian in 1991. Jones began programming on Apple computers in high school, assembling a multiplayer game called Minotaur: The Labyrinths of Crete. While attending the University of Chicago Jones met Seropian and the two formed a partnership to publish Minotaur.
Following the modest success of Minotaur, Jones programmed Bungie's next game, Pathways Into Darkness, and worked on code, level design and story development for Bungie's Marathon and Myth series. For Bungie's next projects, Halo: Combat Evolved and Halo 2, Jones took on a more managerial role as project lead. He is currently working on the video game Destiny.
Jones became interested in programming in high school, and learned Applesoft BASIC and 6502 Assembly on an Apple II series computer. When Apple released its Macintosh line, Jones's family purchased a Macintosh 128K, but Jones never programmed much for it. After high school Jones got a job programming for a computer-aided design company on PCs, before going to college the next year. In his off time Jones said that all he ever did on the Apple II was write games, "and it seemed logical to continue that on the Mac," he said. "The first thing I did on the Mac was to port a modem game I'd written called Minotaur from 6502 Assembly on the Apple II into MPW C on the Mac. I was still finishing that when I came to college. By that time, I knew I wanted to write games."
Jones met Alex Seropian in his second year at the University of Chicago. In 1991 Seropian had founded Bungie and published his own game, Operation Desert Storm. Seropian was looking for another game to publish, and they decided to work together to finish Minotaur. While Seropian did design and marketing, Jones finished the programming. Minotaur: The Labyrinths of Crete shipped in April 1992; while the game sold only around 2,500 copies (it required a then-rare modem for network play), it developed a devoted following. After publishing Minotaur, Jones and Seropian formed a partnership; "What I liked about him was that he never wasted any money", Jones said of his partner.
Bungie focused on the Mac platform due to familiarity with the platform and ease of use. "The PC market was really cutthroat, but the Mac market was all friendly and lame. So it was easier to compete," Jones said. After Minotaur, Bungie began work on a 3D graphics version of the game, but realized that the game's format was not suited to a 3D environment. Instead, Jones and Seropian wrote a brand-new story for what became Pathways Into Darkness. Since Bungie had no money and Jones was the only one with the available time, he single-handedly coded the game on a Mac IIfx, passing art chores to his friend Colin Brent. Pathways was successful enough that Bungie moved from a one-bedroom apartment to an actual office.
Bungie's next project started as an update of Pathways but evolved into a science fiction shooter game, Marathon. The game included state-of-the-art graphics, network multiplayer, and voice support, and won a number of awards on release in 1994. Jones recalled that he was surprised anyone ever completed the game and sought to atone for some of its shortcomings with its sequel, Marathon 2: Durandal, which was also released for Windows PCs. The Marathon series was followed by a series of real-time strategy games, starting with Myth: The Fallen Lords in 1996.
Bungie continued to expand, and in 1997 work began on a new project, codenamed Blam! (Jones had changed the name from Monkey Nuts because he could not bring himself to tell his mother about the new game under that title.) Blam! evolved from a real-time strategy game to a third-person shooter to a first-person shooter called Halo: Combat Evolved. Jones role in development was unlike Marathon and Myth, where Jones was involved in developing more than half the levels and much to most of the story. Instead, he was the project lead and a manager, barely providing any code to the game. He would read war journals by authors such as John Kinkaid and Winston Churchill.
In 2000, Microsoft acquired Bungie, moving the team from Chicago to Washington State. Jones recalled that the buyout was a "blur [...] We'd been talking to people for years and years—before we even published Marathon, Activision made a serious offer [to buy us]. But the chance to work on [the Microsoft Xbox console]—the chance to work with a company that took the games seriously. Before that we worried that we'd get bought by someone who just wanted Mac ports or didn't have a clue." Around the same time, a glitch in versions of Myth II was found to entirely erase a player's hard drive; this led to a massive recall of the games right before they shipped, costing Bungie nearly one million dollars. Composer Martin O'Donnell said that this recall created financial uncertainty in the studio, though accepting the offer was not something "Bungie had to do." Jones and Seropian refused to accept Microsoft's offer until the entire studio agreed to the buyout.
Combat Evolved was highly successful, selling more than a million units in its first six months and driving Xbox sales. Jones led the development team that created its sequel, Halo 2, and he is currently working on a new video game series, which will be Bungie's first new intellectual property published by Activision. He was listed in Next Generation Magazine's top 100 Developers in 2006 and 2007.
- Errera, Claude (2001-06-02). "Happy Birthday, Jason and Peter!". Halo.Bungie.Org. Retrieved 2010-02-22.
- Rouse, Richard III (October 1993). "IMG Interview: Bungie's Jason Jones". Inside Mac Games. —Archive available at Bungie.org, retrieved 2010-02-22.
- Xbox World 360 (2007-10-08). "The History of Halo; How two students went from Pong clones to the biggest game of all time". GamesRadar. pp. 1–4. Retrieved 2009-10-09.
- Staff. "Bungie History: Primordial Soup—Gnop!". Bungie.net. Retrieved 2009-10-01.
- Staff. "Bungie History: Primordial Soup—Pathways!". Bungie.net. Retrieved 2010-12-21.
- Jarrard, Brian (2001-12-18). "Jason Jones Interviewed By You". Bungie.net. Retrieved 2010-02-24.
- Trautmann, Eric (2004). The Art of Halo. New York: Del Ray Publishing. p. ix. ISBN 0-345-47586-0.
- Staff, Next Gen (2006-03-18). "The Hot 100 Game Developers of 2006". Next Generation Magazine. Retrieved 2008-03-01.
- Bungie. "Billion Dollar Donut: Halo CE". Bungie.net. Retrieved 2007-10-08.
- Bungie Studios (2004-09-12). Icons: Bungie (MOV). G4TV. Retrieved 2008-03-14.
- O'Connor, Frank; Luke Smith (2007-12-12). "Official Bungie Podcast 12/12/2007: With Martin O'Donnell". Bungie.net. Retrieved 2008-02-28.
- Moreno-Salazar, Quibian (2007-10-09). "Microsoft Bets Big on Halo 3". Fox News. Retrieved 2010-02-25.[dead link]
- Grossman, Lev (2005-04-15). "The Halo Trinity". Time Magazine. Retrieved 2008-03-01.
- Pakinkis, Tom (2010-04-29). "Marathon boss heads Bungie's new IP". Computer and Video Games. Retrieved 2010-05-01.
- Staff (2007-03-03). "The Hot 100 Game Developers of 2007". Next Generation Magazine. Retrieved 2008-03-01.