|Hamilton County and the state of Florida|
|• Total||2 sq mi (5.1 km2)|
|• Land||2 sq mi (5.1 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||151 ft (46 m)|
|• Density||890/sq mi (349/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0284730|
Jasper is a city in Hamilton County, Florida, United States. The population was 4,546 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Hamilton County. The Old Hamilton County Jail and the United Methodist Church in Jasper, Florida are on the National Register of Historic Places. One of the largest industries is phosphate mining.
Jasper is located at .
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,780 people, 742 households, and 488 families residing in the city. The population density was 911.2 people per square mile (352.4/km²). There were 878 housing units at an average density of 449.4 per square mile (173.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 52.25% White, 45.67% African American, 0.06% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.73% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.09% of the population.
There were 742 households out of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.7% were married couples living together, 23.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.2% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the city the population was spread out with 29.3% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 23.3% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 74.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 69.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $19,018, and the median income for a family was $23,664. Males had a median income of $30,938 versus $17,244 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,844. About 30.5% of families and 37.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 56.5% of those under age 18 and 18.7% of those age 65 or over.
- Lillian Smith, author of the 1944 best-seller Strange Fruit, was born in Jasper before relocating with her family to Clayton, Georgia at age 14. Smith was the founder and editor of "South Today," a journal of fiction and opinion, both literary and political, that was the first magazine in the South to publish stories and articles by black writers. Smith flouted the racial norms of her day by hosting interracial dinners of white and black women between 1936 until the 1960s. She also wrote a nonfiction book, "Killers of the Dream," which examined the effect of race, sex, and religion on the Southern psyche, both white and black. Shortly after "Killers of the Dream" was published she received an honorary degree from Howard University, a historically black college, with the declaration, "You are a dangerous revolutionist. There is enough dynamite in what you say to blow up the very foundation of segregated civilization."
- Alex J. Brown - Former football player of the Chicago Bears, New Orleans Saints
- Don Bryant- Former Major League Baseball player and bullpen coach
- Marquis Daniels - NBA Guard/Forward for the Milwaukee Bucks, Born: Jan 7, 1981
- Art Smith - Southern cuisine chef, common guest on The Today Show
- Jasper News — local newspaper for Jasper
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
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