Jasper, Texas

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For the film of the same name, see Jasper, Texas (film).
Jasper, Texas
Downtown Jasper from corner of Lamar and Zavalla
Downtown Jasper from corner of Lamar and Zavalla
Motto: "Jewel Of The Forest"[1]
Location of Jasper, Texas
Location of Jasper, Texas
Coordinates: 30°55′20″N 93°59′56″W / 30.92222°N 93.99889°W / 30.92222; -93.99889Coordinates: 30°55′20″N 93°59′56″W / 30.92222°N 93.99889°W / 30.92222; -93.99889
Country  United States of America
State  Texas
County  Jasper
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • City Council Mayor Mike Lout
Mayor Pro-Tem
Raymond Hopson
(District 4)
Alton Scott
(District 1)
Randy M. Sayers
(District 2)
Hazel Johnson
(District 3)
Mitch McMillon
(District 5 - At Large)
 • City Manager Denise Kelley (acting)
Area
 • Total 10.4 sq mi (26.9 km2)
 • Land 10.3 sq mi (26.8 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 203 ft (62 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 8,247
 • Density 797.4/sq mi (307.9/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC−6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC−5)
ZIP code 75951
Area code(s) 409
FIPS code 48-37420[2]
GNIS feature ID 1360162[3]
Website jaspertx.org

Jasper is the county seat of Jasper County[4], Texas, in the United States. The population was 8,247 at the 2000 census and 7,590 at the 2010 census. Jasper is situated in the Deep East Texas subregion, about 130 miles (210 km) northeast of Houston. Jasper (the "Butterfly Capital of Texas") holds an annual Butterfly Festival the first Saturday in October to celebrate the migration of the monarch butterflies.

History[edit]

The Jasper County Courthouse

19th century[edit]

The area was settled around 1824 by John Bevil. Thirty families occupied the settlement as early as 1830, when it was known as Snow River or Bevil's Settlement after John R. Bevil, one of the earliest European-American settlers.[5]

In 1835, the town was renamed after William Jasper, a war hero from the American Revolution, who was killed attempting to plant the American flag at the storming of Savannah in 1779.[6][7] Jasper became the county seat in 1844.

During the Civil War, the town housed a Confederate quartermaster depot and served as a major center for Confederate communication, transportation, and supply. Jasper was a Confederate Army headquarters for a nine-county area. Following the war, Union troops led by General George Custer occupied Jasper, camping in the town square.[8] The only known soldier of the American Revolution to be buried in Texas was Jasper resident Stephen Williams,[9] in whose honor a marker has been placed on the courthouse lawn.

Educational institutions included the Jasper Male and Female High School, which operated until 1878, when it became the Southeast Texas Male and Female College, and Jasper Collegiate Institute, which operated from 1851 until 1874. The population declined to 360 in 1870, reflecting the hardships of the Civil War, but by 1885 had risen to 1,000.

In 1896, Jasper had a population of 1,200. With the arrival of the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway early in the 20th century, Jasper grew into a center for the manufacture of timber products. Lumber from two sawmills, with a daily capacity of 125,000 board feet (295 m³), goods from basket and stave factories, logs, ties, poles, and pulpwood were shipped in 200 cars per month.

20th century[edit]

Jasper served as headquarters for the Lower Neches Valley Authority's construction program, including Dam "B" at Town Bluff and engineering and surveying for a dam at Magee Bend on the Angelina River. Local farmers raised broiler chickens and beef, and in the 1950s turned to dairying. Jasper also became the headquarters of Morgan and Lindsey Incorporated, variety chain stores, which at one time operated 85 stores in Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Mississippi.

In June 1998, the murder of James Byrd, Jr. catapulted Jasper into national news and led to the creation of the Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act.

21st century[edit]

In 2000, Jasper had 8,247 residents and around 250 businesses.[10] Jasper was also one of the primary locations for the recovery of the Space Shuttle Columbia wreckage in February 2003.

Jasper was greatly affected by Hurricane Rita on September 25, 2005, as it moved inland. It suffered considerable damage. The town was also left without power or potable water for about three and a half weeks.

The Jasper Arboretum Project began in 2000 and the Outdoor Learning Center was added in 2012 to create 14 acres of public gardens, walking trails, a master gardener greenhouse, and a nature classroom.[11]

In 2012, Jasper returned to national attention during a bitterly fought political feud over the hiring and firing of Jasper’s first black police chief, Rodney Pearson.[12] In order to fire Pearson, two Black city council members were recalled in the narrowly divided city.[13] Free of Voting Rights Act preclearance requirements, Jasper is moving to annex largely white suburbs.[14]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.4 square miles (27 km2), of which 10.3 square miles (27 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (0.58%) is covered by water.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Jasper
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 58.3
(14.6)
63.4
(17.4)
70.9
(21.6)
78.7
(25.9)
84.5
(29.2)
89.8
(32.1)
92.8
(33.8)
93.3
(34.1)
87.9
(31.1)
80.5
(26.9)
70.9
(21.6)
62.4
(16.9)
77.8
(25.4)
Daily mean °F (°C) 46.9
(8.3)
50.7
(10.4)
58.4
(14.7)
66.4
(19.1)
72.5
(22.5)
78.1
(25.6)
80.8
(27.1)
80.9
(27.2)
75.5
(24.2)
66.7
(19.3)
58.2
(14.6)
49.8
(9.9)
65.4
(18.6)
Average low °F (°C) 35.5
(1.9)
38.0
(3.3)
45.9
(7.7)
54.0
(12.2)
60.5
(15.8)
66.3
(19.1)
68.7
(20.4)
68.3
(20.2)
63.1
(17.3)
52.7
(11.5)
45.4
(7.4)
37.2
(2.9)
53.0
(11.7)
Precipitation inches (mm) 4.4
(112)
4.4
(112)
4.4
(112)
3.7
(94)
5.6
(142)
5.3
(135)
3.8
(97)
3.6
(91)
4.1
(104)
3.6
(91)
4.6
(117)
5.3
(135)
52.7
(1,339)
Snowfall inches (cm) 0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
Source: Weatherbase "Jasper Climate". Weatherbase. Retrieved March 11, 2010. 

Demographics[edit]

Welcome sign coming in from US Hwy 190 West

At the census[15] of 2010, 7,590 people (compared with 8,247 people in the 2000 census)[2], 2,890 households, and 1,892 families resided in the city. The population density was 733.9 people per square mile (283.4/km²). The 3,445 housing units averaged 333.1 per square mile (128.7/km²). The major racial and ethnic groups in the city, as a percentage of the total city population, were: 44.2% non-Hispanic African American; 41.9% non-Hispanic White; 10.8% Hispanic or Latino of any race; and 1.5% Asian, with the remaining 1.6% mainly consisting of non-Hispanics of two or more races. The Hispanic or Latino population was subdivided (as a percentage of total city population) into 5.9% other races, 3.9% White, 0.8% African American, and 1.1% in other categories, mainly two or more races.

Of the 2,888 households, 34.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.7% were married couples living together, 20.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.0% were not families. About 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the city, the population was distributed as 29.4% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 22.8% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.1 males.

Economy[edit]

The median income for a household in the city was $24,671, and for a family was $32,242. Males had a median income of $28,432 versus $17,266 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,997. About 23.3% of families and 28.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.3% of those under age 18 and 23.3% of those age 65 or over. Due to the lack of viable employment locally, these figures are not likely to get better in the future.[citation needed]

Government[edit]

Jasper is administered by a city council of six members. The council is composed of five council members and an elected mayor, accompanied by a hired city manager under the manager-council system of municipal governance.

The council is elected under four single-member districts (numbered 1 through 4), and one at-large district (numbered 5 );[16] the mayor is elected at-large.

Parks and recreation[edit]

Sam Rayburn Reservoir, about 9 miles north of Jasper, is visited by thousands of vacationers each year; it is the largest lake wholly within the state of Texas. Toledo Bend Reservoir is located a few miles east of Jasper. B. A. Steinhagen Lake is about 11 miles west.

Education[edit]

The city is served by Jasper Independent School District. Angelina College also has a satellite campus located here.

Media[edit]

A weekly newspaper, the Jasper Newsboy, has been published continuously since 1865. It is considered the oldest continuously published weekly newspaper in Texas.

The area is served by:

  • KJAS radio 107.3 FM
  • KTXJ radio 102.7 FM
  • KCOX radio 1350 AM

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official Website of Jasper Texas". Official Website of Jasper Texas. Retrieved October 3, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ "Jasper Texas". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved October 3, 2012. 
  6. ^ TSHA Online – Texas State Historical Association
  7. ^ "Profile for Jasper, Texas, TX". ePodunk. Retrieved October 3, 2012. 
  8. ^ Texas State Historical Commission. "Jasper County, C.S.A. Historical Marker". 
  9. ^ "Stephen Williams". Texas State Cemetery. Retrieved July 10, 2012. 
  10. ^ Jasper city, Texas – Population Finder – American FactFinder
  11. ^ Jasper AgriLife Extension Service. "Arboretum and Outdoor Learning Center". 
  12. ^ http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/she-the-people/post/racial-tension-still-an-issue-in-jasper-texas/2012/06/15/gJQAYOtbfV_blog.html
  13. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/22/us/in-jasper-texas-racial-tensions-flare-again.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0
  14. ^ http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2014/06/why-the-voting-rights-act-still-matters/373541/
  15. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-04.
  16. ^ http://jaspertx.org/index.php?option=com_contact&view=category&catid=66&Itemid=64
  17. ^ "Max Alvis". Baseball-Reference.Com. Retrieved October 3, 2012. 
  18. ^ "Red Bryant". NFL.Com. Retrieved July 2, 2014. 
  19. ^ "Sean Weatherspoon". Pro-Football-Reference.Com. Retrieved October 3, 2012. 
  20. ^ "Derick Armstrong". databaseFootball.com. Retrieved October 3, 2012. 
  21. ^ "= Zack Bronson". databaseFootball.com. Retrieved October 3, 2012. 
  22. ^ "Phil Hennigan Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved October 3, 2012. 

External links[edit]