Jasper County, Georgia

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Not to be confused with Jasper, Georgia.
Jasper County, Georgia
JCCH During Restoration of 2003.jpg
Jasper County Courthouse
Map of Georgia highlighting Jasper County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded December 10, 1807
Named for William Jasper
Seat Monticello
Largest city Monticello
Area
 • Total 373 sq mi (966 km2)
 • Land 368 sq mi (953 km2)
 • Water 5.3 sq mi (14 km2), 1.4%
Population
 • (2010) 13,900
 • Density 38/sq mi (15/km²)
Congressional district 10th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Jasper County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,900.[1] The county seat is Monticello.[2]

Jasper County is part of the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

This area was inhabited by indigenous peoples for thousands of years before the European encounter. As European-Americans began to settle the area, it was inhabited by Cherokee and Muscogee Creek peoples, who became known as among the Five Civilized Tribes of the Southeast.

The County was created on December 10, 1807, by an act of the Georgia General Assembly with land that was originally part of Baldwin County, Georgia.[3] It became part of the new area of settlement through the South eventually known as the Black Belt, and a center of large plantations for short-staple cotton. As migration continued to the west, the county population rose and fell through the nineteenth century. Georgia settlers pushed Congress for the Indian Removal Act of 1830, which eventually forced most of the Native Americans west of the Mississippi River.

Jasper County was originally named Randolph County (after the Virginian John Randolph). Because of Randolph's opposition to U.S. entry into the War of 1812, the General Assembly changed the name of Randolph County to Jasper County on December 10, 1812 to honor Sergeant William Jasper, an American Revolutionary War hero. However, Randolph's reputation eventually was restored, and in 1828, the General Assembly created a new Randolph County.[4]

Newton County was created from a part of the original Jasper County in 1821.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 373 square miles (970 km2), of which 368 square miles (950 km2) is land and 5.3 square miles (14 km2) (1.4%) is water.[5]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 7,573
1820 14,614 93.0%
1830 13,131 −10.1%
1840 11,111 −15.4%
1850 11,486 3.4%
1860 10,743 −6.5%
1870 10,439 −2.8%
1880 11,851 13.5%
1890 13,879 17.1%
1900 15,033 8.3%
1910 16,552 10.1%
1920 16,362 −1.1%
1930 8,594 −47.5%
1940 8,772 2.1%
1950 7,473 −14.8%
1960 6,135 −17.9%
1970 5,760 −6.1%
1980 7,553 31.1%
1990 8,453 11.9%
2000 11,426 35.2%
2010 13,900 21.7%
Est. 2013 13,601 −2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 11,426 people, 4,175 households, and 3,122 families residing in the county. The population density was 31 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 4,806 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 70.95% White, 27.26% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.61% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. 2.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,175 households out of which 34.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.80% were married couples living together, 13.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.20% were non-families. 21.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.20% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, and 11.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,890, and the median income for a family was $43,271. Males had a median income of $32,351 versus $21,785 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,249. About 10.90% of families and 14.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.20% of those under age 18 and 13.50% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Notable natives[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 16, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ - GeorgiaInfo Jasper County Courthouse history
  4. ^ GeorgiaInfo.com - Georgia Counties in Order of Creation, University of Georgia
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

Coordinates: 33°19′N 83°41′W / 33.32°N 83.69°W / 33.32; -83.69