Jasper County, Illinois

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Jasper County, Illinois
Jasper County Courthouse in Newton.jpg
Jasper County Courthouse in Newton
Map of Illinois highlighting Jasper County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1831
Named for William Jasper
Seat Newton
Largest city Newton
Area
 • Total 498 sq mi (1,290 km2)
 • Land 495 sq mi (1,282 km2)
 • Water 3.6 sq mi (9 km2), 0.7%
Population
 • (2010) 9,698
 • Density 20/sq mi (8/km²)
Congressional district 15th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Jasper County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 9,698.[1] Its county seat is Newton.[2]

History[edit]

Jasper County was formed in 1831 out of Clay and Crawford Counties. It was named for Sgt. William Jasper, Revolutionary War hero from South Carolina. In the defense of Fort Moultrie in 1776, when the staff of the American flag was shot away, Sgt. Jasper erected a temporary staff, and waved the flag at the British until a new staff was erected.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 498 square miles (1,290 km2), of which 495 square miles (1,280 km2) is land and 3.6 square miles (9.3 km2) (0.7%) is water.[3]

Climate and weather[edit]

Newton, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.4
 
34
18
 
 
2.4
 
40
23
 
 
3.9
 
51
33
 
 
3.9
 
63
42
 
 
4.4
 
73
52
 
 
3.7
 
82
62
 
 
4.4
 
85
66
 
 
3.4
 
84
63
 
 
3.2
 
78
55
 
 
2.8
 
66
43
 
 
4
 
52
34
 
 
2.9
 
39
24
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[4]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Newton have ranged from a low of 18 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 85 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −28 °F (−33 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 112 °F (44 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.38 inches (60 mm) in January to 4.39 inches (112 mm) in May.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

2000 census age pyramid for Jasper County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 1,472
1850 3,220 118.8%
1860 8,364 159.8%
1870 11,234 34.3%
1880 14,515 29.2%
1890 18,188 25.3%
1900 20,160 10.8%
1910 18,157 −9.9%
1920 16,064 −11.5%
1930 12,809 −20.3%
1940 13,431 4.9%
1950 12,266 −8.7%
1960 11,346 −7.5%
1970 10,741 −5.3%
1980 11,318 5.4%
1990 10,609 −6.3%
2000 10,117 −4.6%
2010 9,698 −4.1%
Est. 2013 9,592 −1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 10,117 people, 3,930 households, and 2,849 families residing in the county. The population density was 20 people per square mile (8/km²). There were 4,294 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 99.15% White, 0.08% Black or African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.31% from two or more races. 0.47% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 49.2% were of German, 16.5% American, 9.7% English and 6.5% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 99.3% spoke English as their first language.

There were 3,930 households out of which 32.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.30% were married couples living together, 7.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.50% were non-families. 24.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.90% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 16.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,721, and the median income for a family was $43,547. Males had a median income of $30,131 versus $17,646 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,649. About 8.50% of families and 9.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.40% of those under age 18 and 10.10% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Jasper County is largely served by Jasper County Community Unit School District 1, which is based in its county seat, Newton. Five of the district's six schools are located in and mostly serve juvenile residents of Jasper County. Saint Thomas Catholic School is a Private Elementary school, also in Newton.

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Jasper County is divided into eleven townships:

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Newton, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°01′N 88°09′W / 39.01°N 88.15°W / 39.01; -88.15