Jasper County, Indiana

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Not to be confused with Jasper, Indiana.
Jasper County, Indiana
County
Jasper County Courthouse in Rensselaer
Jasper County Courthouse in Rensselaer
Location in the state of Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Coordinates: 41°01′N 87°07′W / 41.017°N 87.117°W / 41.017; -87.117Coordinates: 41°01′N 87°07′W / 41.017°N 87.117°W / 41.017; -87.117
Country United States United States
State Indiana Indiana
Region Northwest Indiana
Metro area Chicago Metropolitan
Established February 7, 1835
Named for Sgt. William Jasper
County seat Rensselaer
Largest city Rensselaer
(population and total area)
Incorporated
Municipalities
Government
 • Type County
 • Body Board of Commissioners
 • Commissioner James A. Walstra (1st)
 • Commissioner Kendell Culp (2nd)
 • Commissioner Richard E. Maxwell (3rd)
Area
 • County 561.39 sq mi (1,454.0 km2)
 • Land 559.62 sq mi (1,449.4 km2)
 • Water 1.76 sq mi (4.6 km2)
 • Metro 10,874 sq mi (28,160 km2)
Area rank 3rd largest county in Indiana
 • Region 2,726 sq mi (7,060 km2)
Elevation 696 ft (212 m)
Population (2010)
 • County 33,478
 • Estimate (2013) 33,389
 • Rank 54th largest county in Indiana
1,341st largest county in U.S.[1]
 • Density 59.8/sq mi (23.1/km2)
 • Metro 9,522,434
 • Region 819,537
Time zone Central (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central (UTC-5)
ZIP Codes 46310, 46341, 46374, 46392, 47922, 47943, 47946, 47948, 47957, 47959, 47977-78, 47995
Area code 219
Congressional district 4th
Indiana Senate districts 5th and 7th
Indiana House of Representatives districts 4th, 16th and 20th
FIPS code 18-073
GNIS feature ID 0450494
Interstate and U.S. Route

I-65.svg US 24.svg US 231.svg


State Routes

Indiana 10.svg Indiana 14.svg Indiana 16.svg Indiana 49.svg Indiana 110.svg Indiana 114.svg


Airport

Jasper County


Waterways

Iroquois RiverKankakee River


Amtrak station Rensselaer
Website www.jaspercountyin.gov
  • Indiana county number 37
Demographics (2010)[2]
White Black Asian
95.8% 0.6% 0.4%
Islander Native Other Hispanic
(any race)
0.0% 0.2% 3.0% 5.4%

Jasper County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 33,478.[3] The county seat is Rensselaer.[4]

Jasper County is included in the Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Jasper County was formed in 1838. It was named for Sgt. William Jasper, a famous scout for the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War.[5] Jasper became famous in 1776, during the bombardment of Fort Moultrie, for erecting a new flagstaff under fire after the American flag had been shot down. Jasper was killed during the Siege of Savannah in 1779.[6] Jasper County's twin county, Newton County, was named after Jasper's friend and comrade, John Newton.[7]

The Civil War[edit]

As early as 1825, the majority of the population were against slavery.[8] By the time the federal government declared war, Jasper County was one of the few counties of Indiana that had a military organization under the law of 1855.[9] The Civil War greatly affected Jasper County when they enlisted 935 soldiers on behalf of the Union. This large amount was considered an impressive amount at the time with the average population centered around 5,000 people,. Although there were several companies from Indiana, the 9th Indiana Infantry Regiment produced Robert H. Milroy, the "Gray Eagle of the Army". Milroy became famous for suppressing Confederate mountain rangers, which caused the Confederate Congress to declare a $100,000 bounty on his head. The 9th Indiana Infantry Regimentlater became known for its involvement in one of the earliest battles of the Civil War at Laurel Hill (now known as Laurel Mountain).[10] In comparing the proportions of men able to fight, Indiana contributed more soldiers than any other state to the Union.[11]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 561.39 square miles (1,454.0 km2), of which 559.62 square miles (1,449.4 km2) (or 99.68%) is land and 1.76 square miles (4.6 km2) (or 0.31%) is water.[12] Until the middle of the 19th century when it was drained to make farmland, this county was part of the 2nd largest freshwater wetland in the US, with abundant flora and fauna.[13] This is caused by the Iroquois River. The Iroquois River is one of the main tributaries of the Kankakee River and flows throughout Jasper County. This allowed it to act as a major water source for the community.[14]

Major highways[edit]

Railroads[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Municipalities[edit]

The municipalities in Jasper County, and their populations as of the 2010 Census, are:

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Townships[edit]

The 13 townships of Jasper County, with their populations as of the 2010 Census, are:

Education[edit]

Public schools in Jasper County are administered by four different districts:

High Schools

Middle Schools

Elementary Schools

Colleges and Universities[edit]

Hospitals[edit]

  • Jasper County Hospital, Rensselaer – 46 beds

Climate and weather[edit]

Rensselaer, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2
 
30
14
 
 
1.7
 
36
19
 
 
3.1
 
47
29
 
 
3.5
 
60
39
 
 
4.2
 
72
50
 
 
4.3
 
81
60
 
 
3.8
 
85
64
 
 
3.5
 
83
61
 
 
3.3
 
76
53
 
 
3
 
64
41
 
 
3.2
 
49
32
 
 
2.7
 
36
21
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[15]

In recent years, average temperatures in Rensselaer have ranged from a low of 14 °F (−10 °C) in January to a high of 85 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −25 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in August 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.67 inches (42 mm) in February to 4.34 inches (110 mm) in June.[15]

Government[edit]

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[16][17]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[16][17]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[17]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to any county government position are required to declare a political party affiliation and to be residents of the county.[17]

Jasper County is part of Indiana's 1st congressional district and in 2008 was represented by Pete Visclosky in the United States Congress.[18] It is also part of Indiana Senate districts 5 and 7[19] and Indiana House of Representatives districts 4, 16 and 20.[20]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 1,267
1850 3,540 179.4%
1860 4,291 21.2%
1870 6,354 48.1%
1880 9,464 48.9%
1890 11,185 18.2%
1900 14,292 27.8%
1910 13,044 −8.7%
1920 13,961 7.0%
1930 13,388 −4.1%
1940 14,397 7.5%
1950 17,031 18.3%
1960 18,842 10.6%
1970 20,429 8.4%
1980 26,138 27.9%
1990 24,960 −4.5%
2000 30,043 20.4%
2010 33,478 11.4%
Est. 2013 33,389 −0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[21]
1790-1960[22] 1900-1990[23]
1990-2000[24] 2010-2013[3]

As of the census[25] of 2000, there were 30,043 people, 10,686 households, and 8,217 families residing in the county. The population density was 54 people per square mile (21/km²). There were 11,236 housing units at an average density of 20 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.97% White, 0.35% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.63% from other races, and 0.68% from two or more races. 2.44% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.9% were of German, 13.2% Dutch, 12.9% American, 10.5% Irish, 8.4% English and 5.9% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 10,686 households out of which 36.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.40% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.10% were non-families. 19.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.40% under the age of 18, 10.10% from 18 to 24, 27.70% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 12.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 98.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $43,369, and the median income for a family was $50,132. Males had a median income of $38,544 versus $22,191 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,012. About 4.60% of families and 6.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.00% of those under age 18 and 5.10% of those age 65 or over.

Religion[edit]

The Catholic church is the biggest denomination in the county with 4,341 members, the second largest is the Reformed Church in America with 1,502 members and 2 churches, the third is the United Methodist Church with 1,300 members, the fourth largest is the Christian Reformed Church in North America with 1,013 members in 3 congregations as of 2010.[26]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "USA Counties in Profile". STATS Indiana. Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  2. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics 2010, Table DP-1, 2010 Demographic Profile Data. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  3. ^ a b "Jasper County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 168. 
  6. ^ De Witt Clinton Goodrich & Charles Richard Tuttle (1875). An Illustrated History of the State of Indiana. Indiana: R. S. Peale & co. p. 562. 
  7. ^ Hamilton Louis H. & William Darroch (1916). A Standard History of Jasper and Newton Counties Indiana, Volume 1. Chicago & New York: the Lewis Publishing Company. p. 45. 
  8. ^ Scudder, Horace E (1888). Indiana: American Commonwealths. Cambridge: Boston & New York: The Riverside Press, Cambridge. pp. 235, 237,438–400. 
  9. ^ Hamilton Louis H. & William Darroch (1916). A Standard History of Jasper and Newton Counties Indiana, Volume 1. Chicago & New York: the Lewis Publishing Company. p. 159. 
  10. ^ Hamilton Louis H. & William Darroch (1916). A Standard History of Jasper and Newton Counties Indiana, Volume 1. Chicago & New York: the Lewis Publishing Company. p. 115,118. 
  11. ^ Hoover Dwight W. (1980). A Pictorial History of Indiana. Bloomington: the Indiana University Press. p. 93. 
  12. ^ "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-10-10. 
  13. ^ Everglades of the North at the Internet Movie Database
  14. ^ Battle J.H. (1883). Counties of Warren, Benton, Jasper and Newton. Chicago: F.A. Battey & Co. p. 411. 
  15. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Rensselaer, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  16. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  17. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  18. ^ "US Congressman Pete Visclosky". US Congress. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 
  19. ^ "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-07-14. 
  20. ^ "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-07-14. 
  21. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  22. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  23. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  24. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  25. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  26. ^ www.thearda.com/rcms2010/r/c/18/rcms2010_18073_county_name_2010.asp

External links[edit]