Jaswan

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Jaswan State
जसवान
Princely State

1170–1849
History
 -  Foundation of the state 1170
 -  Annexed by the British Raj 1849
Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

Jaswan was a precolonial Indian state centred at Rajpura, in modern-day Himachal Pradesh. It was founded in 1170 by Raja Purab Chand, a scion of the ancient royal family of Kangra.[1]

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

According to legend Jaswan state was founded in 1170 by Raja Purab Chand from the Kangra Royal Family, a Rajput of the Katoch dynasty.[2]

British Raj[edit]

In 1815, the Sikh maharaja Ranjit Singh ordered all his available forces to assemble at Sialkot. The raja of Jaswan, Ummed Singh (1800–1849), failed to obey the summons and was fined a sum beyond his means. The raja was forced to relinquish his state to the Sikh emperor, and accepted a jagir of 21 villages and 12,000 Rs per annum.[1] In 1848, he joined the Sikh in an unsuccessful revolt against the British. His palaces were plundered and razed to the ground, and his territory annexed. He was stripped of his title and exiled to Almora, where he died a year later.[1][3] In 1877, the jagir in Jaswan, along with several other former properties in Rajpura and Amb, was restored to Ummed's grandson Ran Singh (b. 1833), who also later acquired the jagir of Ramkot in Jammu upon marriage to a granddaughter of Maharaja Gulab Singh.[1]

The titles claimed by the princes, however, were still denied any recognition until Raghunath Singh (b. 1852) was granted the personal title of raja on account of his ancient Katoch lineage and marriages to two of the daughters of Maharaja Ranbir Singh of Jammu and Kashmir. The title could not be passed on by inheritance, and it did not grant him the right to administer his jagir. He divided his property amongst his six children.[1]

Rulers[edit]

The rulers of Jaswan State bore the title 'Raja'.[4]

Rajas[edit]

  • .... - .... Ram Singh
  • .... - .... Ajit Singh
  • .... - .... Jaghar Singh
  • .... - .... Abhirai Singh
  • .... - .... Jagrup Singh
  • .... - 1800? Prit Singh
  • 1800 - 1815 Ummed Singh (b. c.1781 - d. 1849)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Soszynski, Henry. "Jaswan". Genealogical Gleanings. University of Queensland. Retrieved 2010-04-12. 
  2. ^ Jaswan (Princely State)
  3. ^ "Freedom struggle". History: Una. National Informatics Centre, Una. Retrieved 2011-04-14. 
  4. ^ Princely states of India

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°29′02″N 76°35′38″E / 30.484°N 76.594°E / 30.484; 76.594