Jataka Bharanam

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Jataka Bharanam
Author Dundiraja
Country India
Language Sanskrit
Subject Astrology

Jataka Bharanam [1] is an old treatise on Hindu astrology mainly dealing with the Phalita i.e. predictive astrology. This Sanskrit text [2] is believed to have been written by Dhundiraja, the commentator of Mudrarakshasa, sometime during the 15th Century A.D.[3] Dhundiraja lived in Parthanagar near River Godavari.[4] It is one of the many time honoured important Indian Classics on astrology [5] that has been relied upon and frequently cited.[6][7]

This book, written in the usual Sanskrit verse-format and comprising 1744 verses divided into 26 adhyayas, minutely covers the entire ambit of Jyotisa. Beginning with a prayer and after making a few preliminary suggestions (22 verses) Dundiraja in its first section commences with the results of the Birth-samvatsaras (60 verses), of the two Ayanas (2 verses), of Ritus (6 verses), of Birth-months (13 verses), of Lunar Pakshas (2 verses), of day and night births (2 verses), of Janam-tithis (15 verses), of Weekdays (7 verses), of Nakshatras (53 verses), of Navamsas rising at the time of birth (9 verses), of Yogas (Soli-lunar) (27 verses), of Karanas (11 verses), of Gandanta (1 verse), of Ganas (3 verses), of 12 lagnas (12 verses), observation on all afore-mentioned (12 verses), on short and long Rasis (2 verses), and on 12 bhavas along with description of special nature of planets and various yogas (143 verses). In the second section he deals with the nine planets occupying the 12 bhavas (108 verses). In the third section he deals with astrological aspects and their results (325 verses), with the nine planets variously occupying 12 signs (85 verses), with Sarvatobhadra chakra etc., (22 verses), with Gochara and Ashtakavarga ( 29 verses), and with conjunctions of planets (59 verses). This is followed by the Raja yoga adhyaya (80 verses), Raja yoga bhanga adhyaya (6 verses), Panch Mahapurusha yoga adhyaya (18 verses), Karaka yoga adhyaya (6 verses), Nabhasa yoga adhyaya (48 verses), Rashmijatakadhyaya (18 verses), Planetary avasthas (10 verses) and Sthanadiyuktagrahphalam (8 verses). These are followed by yogas taking the Sun and the Moon as factors (18 verses), Sanyasa yogas (11 verses), Arishta yogas (51 verses), Arishtabhangadhyaya (15 verses), and Sarvagraharishtadhyaya (21 verses). This book also deals with Rasi Dashas (147 verses), Mahadashadhyaya (13 verses) and Antradashadhyaya (74 verses). Thereafter, it covers Danas (10 verses), Nashjatakadhyaya (14 verses), Death (112 verses) and Strijataka (32 verses). This book written in chaste Sanskrit omits mention of the two Lunar Nodes, Rahu and Ketu. [8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jatindrabimal Chaudhuri. Khan Khanan Abdur Rahim, 1557 A.D.- 1630 A.D. and contemporary Sanskrit learning 1551-1650 A.D. (1954 ed.). p. 111. 
  2. ^ Dhundiraja. "Jataka Bharanam" (1951 ed.). Varanasi: Jaikrishan Haridass Gupta. 
  3. ^ "Ancient Indian Astrology Classes". p. 21 of AIAC Vol.I. 
  4. ^ Dhundiraja. Jataka Bharanam (with translation and commentary by Pt. Shyam Lal Gaur). Mumbai: Sri Venkatesa Steam Press. p. 3. 
  5. ^ David Pingree. Census of the Exact Sciences in Sanskrit: Series A. p. 163. 
  6. ^ Kalyanavarma. Saravali (1983 ed.). New Delhi: Ranjan Publications. p. 179/228. 
  7. ^ Hart De Fouw. Light on Life:An Introduction to the Astrology of India. Lotus Press. p. 101. 
  8. ^ Dhundiraja. Jatakabharana (With translation and commentary by Pt. Shyam Lal Gaur). Mumbai: Sri Venkateswara Steam Press.