Jaun Valley dialect

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The Jaun Valley dialect (Slovene: podjunsko narečje,[1] podjunščina[2]) is a Slovene dialect in the Carinthian dialect group. It is primarily spoken in the Jaun Valley[Note 1] (German: Jauntal, Slovene: Podjuna) of Austria as well as in Strojna and Libeliče, Slovenia. It is spoken west of a line from Diex to Völkermarkt to Eberndorf, east of Sittersdorf, and north of the Ebriach dialect. Major settlements in the dialect area are Griffen, Kühnsdorf, Globasnitz, Bleiburg, and Lavamünd.[6]

Phonological and morphological characteristics[edit]

The Jaun Valley dialect has pitch accent and there has been accentual retraction from final circumflexes. It lacks Slovenian palatalization, has partially preserved the Proto-Slavic nasal vowels, long ə > a, Proto-Slavic a > ɔ, ła > wa, the phoneme /w/ is preserved, and šč > š. The addition of š- before deictics in t- (e.g., štam for tam 'there'; known as štekanje in Slovene) is typical. The dialects contains a number of subdialects, primarily differing from north to south, but also from east to west to some extent.[6]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Unlike the Gail Valley, the Jaun Valley is not named after a river, but after the ancient Roman settlement of Juenna.[3] Nonetheless, the German name has been traditionally deconstructed as Jaun Valley in English for well over a century[4] and continues to be used today.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Smole, Vera. 1998. "Slovenska narečja." Enciklopedija Slovenije vol. 12, pp. 1–5. Ljubljana: Mladinska knjiga, p. 2.
  2. ^ Rigler, Jakob. 1986. Razprave o slovenskem jeziku. Ljubljana: Slovenska matica, p. 177.
  3. ^ Murray, John. 1867. Handbook for Travellers in Southern Germany. 10th ed. London: John Murray, p. 472.
  4. ^ Lipold, M. 1856. "On the Tertiary Deposits of the South-East of Carinthia." The Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 13(2): 7–8.
  5. ^ Wodak, Ruth & Anton Pelinka. 2002. The Haider Phenomenon in Austria. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, p. 72.
  6. ^ a b Toporišič, Jože. 1992. Enciklopedija slovenskega jezika. Ljubljana: Cankarjeva založba, p. 183.