Java Business Integration
Java Business Integration (JBI) is a specification developed under the Java Community Process (JCP) for an approach to implementing a service-oriented architecture (SOA). The JCP reference is JSR 208 for JBI 1.0 and JSR 312 for JBI 2.0.
JBI is built on a Web Services model and provides a pluggable architecture for a container that hosts service producer and consumer components. Services connect to the container via binding components (BC) or can be hosted inside the container as part of a service engine (SE). The services model used is Web Services Description Language 2.0. The central message delivery mechanism, the normalized message router (NMR), delivers normalized messages via one of four Message Exchange Patterns (MEPs), taken from WSDL 2.0:
- In-Only: A standard one-way messaging exchange where the consumer sends a message to the provider that provides only a status response.
- Robust In-Only: This pattern is for reliable one-way message exchanges. The consumer initiates with a message to which the provider responds with status. If the response is a status, the exchange is complete, but if the response is a fault, the consumer must respond with a status.
- In-Out: A standard two-way message exchange where the consumer initiates with a message, the provider responds with a message or fault and the consumer responds with a status.
- In Optional-Out: A standard two-way message exchange where the provider's response is optional.
To handle functionality that deals with installation, deployment, monitoring and lifecycle concerns amongst BCs and SEs, Java Management Extensions (JMX) is used. JBI defines standardized packaging for BCs and SEs, allowing components to be portable to any JBI implementation without modification.
JBI defines standard packaging for composite applications: applications that are composed of service consumers and providers. Individual service units are deployable to components; groups of service units are gathered together into a service assembly. The service assembly includes metadata for "wiring" the service units together (associating service providers and consumers), as well as wiring service units to external services. This provides a simple mechanism for performing composite application assembly using services.
JBI implementations 
- Open ESB
- Petals ESB
- Apache ServiceMix
- FUSE ESB (enterprise ServiceMix) - compliant JSR 208
- Bostech ChainBuilder ESB
- Mule. Though not a JBI compliant container by itself, Mule provides interoperability with JBI containers. There is a separate Mule-JBI project that is to address this JBI compliance issue.
Oracle claims its Fusion Middleware comes with JBI implementation.
TIBCO ActiveMatrix Service Grid provides a service container framework, based on the JSR 208 and SCA specifications, allowing service containers (Java, Java EE, .net, BPEL) to be added as needed, as composite applications on a common foundation.
JBI implementations have not kept pace with commercial product Enterprise Service Bus offerings, as current JBI offerings lack support for modern parsers (DFDL and XMLNSC), efficient graphical development tools, and shifting development tasks from the developer to automation.
Existing JBI Components 
The Open JBI Components project on java.net is an incubator project started to foster community-based development of JBI components that conform to the Java Business Integration specification (JSR 208).
- Binildas A. Christudas, "Service Oriented Java Business Integration" (Packt Publishing: Feb 2008, ISBN 1-84719-440-0; ISBN 978-1-84719-440-4), http://www.packtpub.com/service-oriented-java-business-integration
See also 
- JSR 208 specification on the JCP site
- JSR 312 page on the JCP site
- Open SOA article on JBI's relationship to SCA
- Discussion of differences between JBI and commercial product offerings.