Mohammad Javad Zarif

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Mohammad Javad Zarif
محمدجواد ظریف
Mohammad Javad Zarif 2014.jpg
Zarif in Vienna, 3 July 2014
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Incumbent
Assumed office
15 August 2013
President Hassan Rouhani
Preceded by Ali Akbar Salehi
Ambassador of Iran to the United Nations
In office
5 August 2002 – 25 July 2007
President Mohammad Khatami
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Preceded by Sadegh Kharazi
Succeeded by Mohammad Khazaee
Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs in International and Juridical Affairs
In office
12 July 1992 – 4 August 2002
President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
Mohammad Khatami
Preceded by Manouchehr Mottaki
Succeeded by Mohsen Aminzadeh
Personal details
Born Mohammad Javad Zarif
(1960-01-07) 7 January 1960 (age 54)
Tehran, Iran
Political party Independent
Children 2
Alma mater San Francisco State University
University of Denver
Profession Diplomat
University Professor
Religion Twelver Shi'ite Islam
Signature

Mohammad Javad Zarif Khonsari (Persian: محمدجواد ظریف خوانساری‎, born 7 January 1960) is an Iranian diplomat, academic and current Minister of Foreign Affairs. He has held various significant diplomatic and cabinet posts since the 1990s.

Zarif is also a visiting professor at the School of International Relations and University of Tehran, teaching diplomacy and international organizations. He was the Permanent Representative of Iran to the United Nations from 2002 to 2007.[1] Zarif has held other domestic and international positions as well: adviser and senior adviser to the Foreign Minister, Deputy Foreign Minister in Legal and International affairs, member of the prominent personalities of the Dialogue Among Civilizations, Head of the UN Disarmament Committee in New York, member of the prominent personalities of global governance, and Deputy in International Affairs of the Islamic Azad University.[2]

Early life and education[edit]

Zarif was born on 7 January 1960 in Tehran.[3][4] According to The New Republic, Zarif is born to an "affluent, religiously devout and politically conservative merchant family in Tehran". He was educated at the Alavi School, a private religious institution.[5]

Zarif was shielded from TV, radio, and newspapers by his parents as a youth. Instead, he became exposed to revolutionary ideas by reading the books of Ali Shariati and Samad Behrangi.[5]

At age 17, he left Iran for the United States. Zarif attended Drew College Preparatory School, a private college-preparatory high school located in San Francisco, California.[5] He went on to study at San Francisco State University, from which he gained a BA in International Relations in 1981 and an MA in the same subject in 1982.[6] Following this, Zarif continued his studies at the Graduate School of International Studies (now named the Joseph Korbel School of International Studies) at the University of Denver, from which he obtained a second MA in International Relations in 1984 and this was followed by a PhD in International Law and Policy in 1988.[7][8] His thesis was entitled: "Self-Defense in International Law and Policy".[9]

Initial missions in US[edit]

Zarif was appointed a member of the Iranian delegation to the United Nations in May 1982—largely due to his English-speaking ability and relationships in America, rather than formal diplomatic training.[5] As a junior diplomat Zarif was involved in negotiations to win the release of U.S. hostages held by pro-Iranian gunmen in Lebanon, according to the memoirs of former United Nations envoy Giandomenico Picco. Even though the United States did not make a promised reciprocal goodwill gesture at the time, Zarif remained committed to improving ties.[10]

In 2000, Zarif served as chairman of the Asian preparatory meeting of the World Conference on Racism and as the chairman of the United Nations Disarmament Commission. Zarif was also professor of international law at the University of Tehran. He served as the vice president of Islamic Azad University in charge of foreign affairs from 2010 to 2012 under Abdollah Jasbi.[11] He has served on the board of editors of a number of scholarly journals, including the Iranian Journal of International Affairs and Iranian Foreign Policy, and has written extensively on disarmament, human rights, international law, and regional conflicts.[12]

Representative at UN[edit]

As Iran's representative at the United Nations

He served as Iran's representative at the United Nations from 2002 to 2007.[6] He was closely linked with developing the so-called "Grand Bargain," a plan to resolve outstanding issues between the U.S. and Iran in 2003.[13] Zarif, during his time at the UN, held private meetings with a number of Washington politicians, including the then-Senators Joseph Biden and Chuck Hagel.[13] Zarif resigned from office on 6 July 2007.[14] He was succeeded by Mohammad Khazaee in the post.[15]

In 2007, Zarif was a headline speaker at an American Iranian Council conference in New Brunswick, New Jersey including Chuck Hagel, Dennis Kucinich, Nicholas Kristof, and Anders Liden to discuss Iranian-American relations, and potential ways to increase dialogue and avoid conflict.[16]

Minister of Foreign Affairs[edit]

Zarif shakes hands with US Secretary of State John Kerry, 14 July 2014.

On 23 July 2013, It was reported that Zarif is Rouhani's choice for minister of foreign affairs. This was not confirmed by the president-elect's office until 4 August when Rouhani officially nominated Zarif for the position to the Parliament.[17] He was confirmed by the Parliament with 232 votes, replacing Ali Akbar Salehi in the position.[18]

He welcomed the first visit by a foreign leader to Iran since Rouhani assumed the presidency ten days after his approval as Foreign Minister with the arrival of Oman's sultan, Qaboos bin Said Al Said. Stories spread that there was a secret agenda to his meetings with Iranian officials, involving claims that he came to convey messages from the United States and then to relay Iran's response to White House officials.[19] On 5 September 2013, having congratulated the Rosh Hashana, Zarif said on Twitter that Iran does not deny the Holocaust, distancing the government from the often belligerent stances by former President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.[20] Genuineness of Zarif's tweeting in English was confirmed by CNN's Christiane Amanpour.[21] On 27 September 2013, he met with U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry during P5+1 and Iran summit. It was the highest-level direct contact between the United States and Iran in last six years.[22][23] After the meeting, Kerry said that "We had a constructive meeting, and I think all of us were pleased that Foreign Minister Zarif came and made a presentation to us, which was very different in tone and very different in the vision that he held out with respect to possibilities of the future."[24]

After the breakup of talks on 12 November, Zarif rejected John Kerry's claim that Iran had been unable to accept the deal "at that particular moment". He said "no amount of spinning" could change what had happened in Geneva, but it could "further erode confidence". Zarif appeared to blame France for "gutting over half" of a US draft deal. Representatives from Iran and the so-called P5+1 - met again on 20 November.[25]

In October 2014 during talks between senior American, Iranian and European diplomats produced no breakthrough agreement on curbing Iran’s nuclear program, but officials said they still aim to reach a deal by the Nov. 24 deadline. A senior State Department official characterized each step of progress in the talks as “chipping away” at complex, technical differences, with virtually every sentence requiring an appendix of further explanation. “We continue to make progress, but there is still a substantial amount of work to be done,” said the official, who spoke on the condition of anonymity to discuss the difficult and secretive negotiations.[26]

Geneva Agreement[edit]

Javad Zarif and Catherine Ashton

On 21 November it was reported by Iranian negotiators that progress was being made in talks in Geneva with world powers, expressing hope to bridge differences and sign an elusive deal over Tehran's nuclear drive. "Differences of opinion remain and we are negotiating over them. God willing we will reach a result," Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said in statements carried by Iranian media, after a one-hour meeting with Baroness Ashton.[27] On 24 November 2013, the Geneva interim agreement, officially titled the Joint Plan of Action,[28] was a pact signed between Iran and the P5+1 countries in Geneva, Switzerland. It consists of a short-term freeze of portions of Iran's nuclear program in exchange for decreased economic sanctions on Iran, as the countries work towards a long-term agreement.[29]

Personal life[edit]

Zarif is married and has a daughter and a son who were born in the US.[20] He met his wife in summer 1979 through his sister. They married in Iran but moved to New York within several weeks in the midst of the Iranian revolution.[5] In addition to his native Persian, he is fluent in English.

References[edit]

  1. ^ CV Dr. M. Javad Zarif Unesco
  2. ^ Who’s Who in Iranian Politics. Mohammad Javad Zarif Iranian Diplomacy. 13 August 2013
  3. ^ Minister's Biography: Mohammad Javad Zarif
  4. ^ Kanbiz Foroohar (5 August 2013). "Rohani Taps U.S.-Educated Minister to End Iran Sanctions". Bloomberg. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d e Ali Alfoneh and Reuel Marc Gerecht (23 January 2014). "Mohammad-Javad Zarif: Iran's Foreign Minister Is a Religious Zealot". New Republic. Retrieved 28 January 2014. 
  6. ^ a b Esfendiari, Golnaz (14 August 2013). "Iran's 'Olive Branch' Foreign Minister Nominee Makes His Case In Parliament". Radio Free Europe. Retrieved 15 August 2013. 
  7. ^ "Iran's Rouhani unveils cabinet of technocrats". The Daily Star. 4 August 2013. Retrieved 7 August 2013. 
  8. ^ Kirkpatrick, Nick (15 August 2013). "Key figures in the Cabinet of Iran's new president". The Washington Post. AP. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  9. ^ Self-defense in international law and policy WorldCat
  10. ^ Iran's Foreign Minister Nominee Seen as Olive Branch to US Reuters via VOA (Dubai), 29 July 2013
  11. ^ محمد جواد ظریف معاون جاسبي شد Shafaf
  12. ^ "Dr. Javad Zarif". UN. Retrieved 2 September 2011. 
  13. ^ a b Rohani Taps U.S.-Educated Minister to End Iran Sanctions Kambiz Foroohar, Bloomberg, 4 August 2013
  14. ^ "Welcome to the personal web site of Dr. M. Javad Zarif". Zarif. Retrieved 2 September 2011. 
  15. ^ "وب سایتهای ایرنا". IRNA. Retrieved 2 September 2011. 
  16. ^ "Has the U.S. Played a Role in Fomenting Unrest During Iran’s Election?". Foreign Policy Journal. 23 June 2009. Retrieved 2 September 2011. 
  17. ^ هشت نفر از اعضای کابینه روحانی نهایی شدند +اسامی Iran Elections
  18. ^ Kamali Dehghan, Saeed (15 August 2013). "Iran's parliament approves 15 of Hassan Rouhani's 18 cabinet ministers". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 August 2013. 
  19. ^ Oman sultan's Iran visit sparks hopes of progress in nuclear standoff The Guardian 30 August 2013
  20. ^ a b Rayman, Noah (5 September 2013). "Iran Doesn't Deny the Holocaust, New Foreign Minister Says on Twitter". Time. Retrieved 6 September 2013. 
  21. ^ توئیتر منسوب به ظریف: انکارکننده هولوکاست، دیگر رفته ‌است. BBC Persian (in Persian). Retrieved 6 September 2013. 
  22. ^ Diplomats hail new Iranian attitude in nuke talks
  23. ^ U.S., Iran voice optimism and caution after rare encounter
  24. ^ Remarks After the P-5+1 Ministerial on Iran
  25. ^ Iran blames Western powers for nuclear talks failure BBC. 12 November 2013
  26. ^ [1]
  27. ^ Iran negotiators see progress in Geneva nuclear talks The Daily Star. 22 November 2013
  28. ^ "Iran Strongly Rejects Text of Geneva Agreement Released by White House". Fars News Agency. 26 November 2013. Retrieved 1 December 2013. 
  29. ^ Anne Gearan and Joby Warrick (23 November 2013). "World powers reach nuclear deal with Iran to freeze its nuclear program". The Washington Post. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 

External links[edit]

Articles
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Sadegh Kharazi
Ambassador of Iran to the United Nations
2002–2007
Succeeded by
Mohammad Khazaee
Political offices
Preceded by
Manouchehr Mottaki
Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs
1992–2002
Succeeded by
Mohsen Aminzadeh
Preceded by
Ali Akbar Salehi
Minister of Foreign Affairs
2013–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent