|Time zone||IRST (UTC+3:30)|
|• Summer (DST)||IRDT (UTC+4:30)|
Javanrud (Kurdish: Ciwanro; Persian: جوانرود; also Romanized as Javānrūd; also known as Qal‘a Jūanrūd, Qal‘eh Jūānrūd, and Qal‘eh-ye Javānrūd, all meaning "Fort Javanrud", and Jūānrū) is the capital city of Javanrud County, Kermanshah Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 43,104, comprising 9,591 families.
The name of the city originates from Javan roud which means river of Jav or Jafs the traditional name of local inhabitants, who are descendants of the Jaf tribe and speak Sorani Kurdish. An older name of Javanrud was Alani.
The town of Javanrud is located 79 kilometers north of Kermanshah is 1300 meters above sea level.
North of Javanrud is Quri Qale Cave, one of the longest caves in western Asia. First explored in the 1950s, in 1989 it was further opened by an Iranian team. It contains three main chambers, with calcite crystals, stalactites and waterfalls. It is known for its colony of mouse ear bats, and for a number of archaeological finds, including silver plates dating from the late Sassanian period.
- Javanrud can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3797685" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
- "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11.
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