Javid Iqbal (judge)

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For other people named Javed Iqbal, see Javed Iqbal (disambiguation).
Honorable Chief Justice
(retired)

Javed Iqbal
Justice javed iqbal.jpg
Senior Justice of Supreme Court of Pakistan
In office
October 5, 1986 – October 4, 1989
Nominated by Constitution of Pakistan
Appointed by General Zia-ul-Haq
Preceded by Justice Ali Hussain Qazilbash
Succeeded by Justice Saad Saood Jan
Chief Justice of Lahore High Court
In office
March 8, 1982 – October 5, 1986
Nominated by General Zia-ul-Haq
Appointed by Constitution of Pakistan
Preceded by Justice Shamim Hussain Qadri
Succeeded by Justice Ghulam Mujaddid Mirza
Personal details
Born Javid Iqbal
(1924-10-05) October 5, 1924 (age 89)
Sialkot, Punjab Province, British Indian Empire
Citizenship British Raj British Indian Empire (1924–1947)
 Pakistan (1947–Present)
Nationality British Subject (1924–1947)
Pakistani (1947–)
Spouse(s) Justice Nasira Iqbal
Relations Sir Muhammad Iqbal (Father)
Alma mater Government College University
(BA and MA)
University of Cambridge
(PhD)
Occupation philosopher of law, jurist, and judge
Profession philosopher
Religion Islam
National awards Hilal-i-Imtiaz

Justice (retired) Javid Iqbal (Urdu: جاوید اقبال; b. October 5, 1924) HI, is a Pakistani philosopher and former senior justice of Supreme Court of Pakistan who is internationally known for his acclaimed publications on philosophy of law and modern Islamic philosophy in reputed international and national journals.

He is the son of the poet-philosopher Sir Muhammad Iqbal and has authored various books on Pakistan's nationalism, movement and political ideology of Pakistan. Apart philosophy, Javid had a prolific career in Judiciary of Pakistan and had been a former Chief Justice of Lahore High Court before elevating to Supreme Court.

Early life[edit]

Iqbal was born in Sialkot on October 5, 1924 to Allama Muhammad Iqbal and his second wife, Sardar Begum.[1] His mother died when he was 11, and his father died when he was 14.[2]

Javid Iqbal received the following educational degrees and distinctions: BA (Hon.) degree in 1944 from the Government College, Lahore, MA degree in English, and MA degree in Philosophy (Gold Medallist) in 1948, Punjab, PhD degree in Philosophy in 1954 from the University of Cambridge, UK, Barrister-at-Law, Lincoln's Inn, London, in 1956.[1] He has received honorary doctorates from Villanova University, USA, and Selcuk University'

Career[edit]

Javid began as an advocate in Lahore High Court, and later became a judge and Chief Justice of this court. He was also a judge of Supreme Court of Pakistan, and Elected member, Senate of Pakistan (Upper House of Parliament).

He has published papers on Islamic political thought, political ideology in Pakistan and the philosophy of his father, Muhammad Iqbal, which were published in national and international journals. During 1960–62 and in 1977, he was the delegate of Pakistan to the United Nations General Assembly.

He has argued in favour of reforms in the Hudud laws of Pakistan.

He is married to Nasira Iqbal, a retired Lahore High Court Judge.

Iqbal on his son[edit]

Javid's father, Iqbal, named his book, Javid Nama, after his son. He also wrote many poems to Javed Iqbal, indirectly addressing the Muslim youth.

Here is an excerpt from the translation of Bal-i-Jibril (Gabriel's Wing)

TO JAVID
(On Receiving His First Letter From London)

Create a place for thyself in the world of love;
Create a new age, new days, and new nights.

If God grant thee an eye for nature’s beauty,
Converse with the silence of flowers; respond to their love.

Do not be beholden to the West’s artisans,
Seek thy sustenance in what thy land affords.

My ghazal is the essence of my life-blood,
Create thy elixir of life out ‘of this essence.

My way of life is poverty, not the pursuit of wealth;
Barter not thy Selfhood; win a name in adversity.[1]

Works[edit]

Javid's publications include the following:

  • Ideology of Pakistan (1959)
  • Stray Reflections: A Note-Book of Iqbal (1961)
  • Legacy of Quaid-e-Azam (1968, published in English and Urdu)
  • Mai Lala Faam (1968, collection of papers on Iqbal, in Urdu)
  • Zinda Rood (1984, biography of Iqbal in three volumes, in Urdu)[2][3]
  • Afkare-Iqbal (1994, interpretation of Iqbal's thought)
  • Pakistan and the Islamic Liberal Movement (1994).
  • Jahan-I Javed : darame, Afsane, Maqale
  • Islam and Pakistan's Identity
  • The Concept of State in Islam : A Reassessment
  • Apna Greban Chaak, (autobiography)

Khutbat e Iqbal

Views[edit]

On an Urdu short story of Saadat Hasan Manto about rape titled, Khol Do, Javid wrote it should be banned because if people read it they might be tempted to rape as well.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Justice (R) Dr. Javed Iqbal". Senate of Pakistan. Retrieved 2012-05-12. 
  2. ^ a b "Second opinion: Dr Javed Iqbal: living under a great man’s shadow". Daily Times. 2003-01-24. Retrieved 2012-05-12. 
  3. ^ "Zinda Rood". Scribd. Retrieved 2012-05-12. 
  4. ^ "Our Case Against Manto". Herald. 2012-05-10. Retrieved 2012-05-12.