Javier Lozano Barragán

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His Eminence
Javier Lozano Barragán
President Emeritus of the Pontifical Council for Pastoral Assistance to Health Care Workers
Javier Lozano Barragan.jpg
Appointed 7 January 1997
Term ended 18 April 2009
Predecessor Fiorenzo Angelini
Successor Zygmunt Zimowski
Other posts Cardinal-Priest of S. Dorotea
Orders
Ordination 30 October 1955
by Carlo Confalonieri
Consecration 15 August 1979
by Ernesto Corripio y Ahumada
Created Cardinal 21 October 2003
Rank Cardinal-Priest
Personal details
Birth name Javier Lozano Barragán
Born (1933-01-26) 26 January 1933 (age 81)
Toluca, Mexico
Nationality Mexican
Denomination Roman Catholic
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Coat of arms
Styles of
Javier Lozano Barragán
Coat of arms of Javier Lozano Barragan.svg
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal

Javier Lozano Barragán (born 26 January 1933) is a Mexican Cardinal and president Emeritus of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Health Care Workers in the Roman Catholic Church.

Early life and education[edit]

Born in Toluca, State of México, Lozano Barragán trained as a priest in Zamora, Michoacán, and at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome, where he earned a doctorate in theology and was ordained in 1955.

Bishop[edit]

In 1979, Lozano Barragán was appointed auxiliary Bishop of Mexico City, then Bishop of Zacatecas in 1984. He went to the Vatican in 1996 as President of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Health Care Workers, and was named Archbishop ad personam.

Cardinalate[edit]

Cardinal Lozano Barragán at the Basilica of Guadalupe, 2004

Bishop Lozano Barragán was elevated to Cardinal-Deacon of San Michele Arcangelo by Pope John Paul II on 21 October 2003.

Lozano Barragán was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 2005 papal conclave that selected Pope Benedict XVI.

On 18 April 2009, Pope Benedict accepted the resignation of Cardinal Lozano Barragán for reasons of age and appointed Zygmunt Zimowski to the post.

Having served 10 years as a cardinal-deacon, he was promoted to Cardinal-Priest of Santa Dorotea by Pope Francis on 12 June 2014.[1]

Views[edit]

Abortion[edit]

Cardinal Barragán has expressed strong opposition to abortion, especially with regards to the RU-486 pill, which has abortive effects on the conceptus.[2]

John Paul II[edit]

Cardinal Lozano Barragán was among the first to promote the canonization of Pope John Paul II after his death in April 2005, claiming that the 1990 recovery of a boy with terminal leukemia, whom the Pope blessed, is a miracle attributable to John Paul.

AIDS and contraception[edit]

In 2006 it was reported that Cardinal Lozano Barragán was preparing a report for Pope Benedict which might state that using condoms is the lesser of two evils when one of the people is infected with AIDS[3] However, the story was later downplayed when the cardinal declared that he did not have the authority to give definitive doctrinal directives. Moreover, in 2009, Pope Benedict XVI argued that the spread of AIDS "cannot be overcome by the distribution of prophylactics: on the contrary, they increase it." [4]

Euthanasia[edit]

Cardinal Lozano Barragán has publicly intervened in high-profile euthanasia cases, notably with Terri Schiavo and Eluana Englaro, which he unabashedly described as murders.

Homosexuals and transsexuals[edit]

In December 2009 a website published a statement by Cardinal Lozano Barragán in which he said that, while the Church regarded homosexuality as an insult to God, this did not justify discrimination against gay and transsexual people. The cardinal quoted Saint Paul's Letter to the Romans[5] as indicating that homosexuals and transsexuals will never enter the kingdom of heaven. He later clarified that this did not mean that no individual homosexual can be saved, since existence of grave fault requires not only grave matter but also full knowledge and consent, and since being homosexual is often due not to personal fault but to education and environment.[6] Saying that people are not born homosexual, he attributed homosexuality to reasons such as education and failure to develop one's identity during adolescence.[7]

Holy See Press Office spokesman Fr Federico Lombardi, S.J. said the website should not be considered an authority on Catholic thinking "on complex and delicate issues such as homosexuality". For the teaching of the Catholic Church on the matter, Lombardi referred to the Catechism of the Catholic Church, 2357–2359, which states that, while "homosexual acts are intrinsically disordered", those who have homosexual tendencies "must be accepted with respect, compassion and sensitivity" and "every sign of unjust discrimination in their regard should be avoided".[6]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Rafael Muñoz Nuñez
Bishop of Zacatecas
1984–1996
Succeeded by
Fernando Mario Chávez Ruvalcaba
Preceded by
Fiorenzo Angelini
President of Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Health Care Workers
1997–2009
Succeeded by
Zygmunt Zimowski
Preceded by
Joseph-Leon Cardijin
Cardinal-Deacon of San Michele Arcangelo
12 October 2003–12 June 2014
Succeeded by
Sede Vacante
New office Cardinal-Priest of Santa Dorotea
12 June 2014-
Incumbent