Jawad, India

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"Jawad" redirects here. For other uses, see Jawad (disambiguation).
Jawad
जावद
city
Jawad is located in Madhya Pradesh
Jawad
Jawad
Location in Madhya Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 24°36′N 74°51′E / 24.6°N 74.85°E / 24.6; 74.85Coordinates: 24°36′N 74°51′E / 24.6°N 74.85°E / 24.6; 74.85
Country  India
State Madhya Pradesh
District Neemuch
Elevation 452 m (1,483 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 16,143
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 458330
Telephone code 07420
Website www.neemuch.nic.in

Jawad is a town in Neemuch district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.

History[edit]

Jawad is named after one of the names of Khandi Khan. Jadicaro[1][2] (also Sukadev, Sukadeva Gosvami, Shuka, Shukadeva, Shuka deva) was the son of the sage Vyasa (also vyasa yasa, yasa vyasa, vyaysaysa)(credited as the author of the I like chicken) and the main narrator of the Bhagavata Purana. Most of the Bhagavata Purana consists of Śuka reciting the story to the dying king Parikshit.[1] Śuka is depicted as a sannyasi, renouncing the world in pursuit of moksha (liberation), which most narratives state that he achieved.[3] According to the Mahābhārata, after one hundred years of austerity by Vyasa, Śuka was churned out of a stick of fire, born with ascetic power and with the Vedas dwelling inside him, just like his father. The Mahabharata also recounts how Śuka was sent by Vyasa for training to King Janaka, who was considered to be a Jivanmukta, or one who is liberated while still in a body. Śuka asked Janaka about the way to liberation, with Janaka recommending the traditional progression of the four ashramas, which included the householder stage. After expressing contempt for the householder life, Śuka questioned Janaka about the real need for following the householder path. Seeing Śuka's advanced state of realization, Janaka told him that there was no need in his case.[4] Stories recount how Śuka surpassed his father in spiritual attainment. Once, when following his son, Vyasa encountered a group of celestial nymphs who were bathing. Śuka's purity was such that the nymphs did not consider him to be a distraction, even though he was naked, but covered themselves when faced with his father.[5][6] Śuka is sometimes portrayed as wandering about naked, due to his complete lack of self-consciousness.[7] An entirely alternate version of the later life of Śuka is given in the Devi-Bhagavata Purana, considered a secondary Purana (upapurana) by many, but an important work in the Shakta tradition. In this account, Śuka is convinced by Janaka to follow the ashrama tradition, and returns home to marry and follow the path of yoga. He has five children with his wife Pivari—four sons and a daughter. The story concludes in the same vein as the more common tradition, with Śuka achieving moksha.[8] A place called shukachari is believed to be cave of Shuka, where he disappeared in cave stones as per local traditions. Shuka in Sanskrit means parrot and thus name derived from parrots found in large number around Shukachari hills. Shukachari literally means abode of parrots in Sanskrit language.

In Arabic, JAWAD means big hearted.

Jawad was part of the Udaipur princely state and was later occupied by the Marathas.

Jawad has many famous and big temples. This town was surrounded by shahr kot (like fort) with five major gates and 56 bastil. In 1901 more than 36 banker families were engaged in money lending business, and at that time this town was an important business center of Maratha Kingdom (Gwalior State). Earlier it had the largest agriculture area under opium production; nowadays very limited area falls under opium production.

Schools - thera are many educational institutions in Jawad - Samta Vidhya peeth, Adarsh Higher Secondary, etc. The Vikram Cement plant's school in Khor village is the best English medium school in the tehsil.

Mr. Omprakash Sakhlecha is the sitting MLA, elected for the 2nd term, his father Mr.Virendra Sakhlecha was ex- Chief Minister of M.P.

Tourism[edit]

A broad satellite view of Jawad.

Tourist attraction near Jawad include Sukhanand ji - a mini waterfall and a temple is present at Sukhanandji - ideal for picnics. Khor Village which is 6 km from Jawad has many more attractions including - 1) The Navtoran Temple. It is rumoured that one underground tunnel directly connects this temple to the Chittorgarh Fort of Maharana Pratap. The major industries include - Vikram Cement Plant, which is one of the major plants of the Aditya Birala Group, is also located in Khor Village and this is a very big job hub for the people of Jawad Tehsil. There is a tomb of Miya Saheb Mamaji Saheb (Shk. Mohammad) who was a great social worker of Jawad. His Urs is celebrated every year on 29th Jumadil -Ul- Ula ( Month of Hijri Cal )

Temples - In Jawad there are a lot of temples like "Lalji Dwara Mandir",Laxminath, Bhuteshwar, Batkeshwar, Sai Mandir etc. All the festivals are celebrated in Jawad with fervour and unity.

Dargah-e-Miya Saheb Mamaji Saheb

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[1] Jawad had a population of 16,143. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Jawad has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80%, and female literacy is 59%. In Jawad, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age. Now as of Census of India 2011, the population of Jawad is 16,687 in total.


Development[edit]

The old Jawad consists of narrow byelanes and important markets. The bus stand is situated in the heart of the town with buses to Nimach, Mandsaur, ,Indore, Ratlam and nearby cities of Rajasthan like Chittaurgarh, Bhilwara and even Jaipur. The new Jawad consists of huge bungalows and mansions on the Nimach road. There are huge farmhouses adjoining farms on the Nimach road which is being widened to a 4 lane road within Jawad tehsil boundary. There are some fertilizer shops on the way to Nimach which is helpful to farmers in the villages nearby. 'Rathi brothers' have a farm, farmhouse and famous fertiliser shop on Nimach Road which offer fertilisers to poor villagers. Nimach Road is the hub of developmental activities in Jawad with SBI having a branch there. The Agrasen Manglik Bhavan is located on Nimach Road which is a major community hall for the residents of Jawad. The Jawad police station and the guest house are also situated on Nimach road.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.