Jay Peak (Vermont)

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Jay Peak
Jay Peak.JPG
Jay Peak in January, with an aerial tramway car visible to the right of the summit
Elevation 3,862 ft (1,177 m)[1]
Prominence 2,952 ft (900 m)[2]
Listing #8 New England Fifty Finest
#81 New England 100 Highest
Location
Location Orleans County, Vermont
Range Green Mountains
Coordinates 44°55′27″N 72°31′32″W / 44.924184297°N 72.525628839°W / 44.924184297; -72.525628839Coordinates: 44°55′27″N 72°31′32″W / 44.924184297°N 72.525628839°W / 44.924184297; -72.525628839[1]
Topo map USGS Jay Peak
Climbing
Easiest route maintained hiking trail

Jay Peak is a mountain located about 5 mi. (8 km) south of the United States-Canada border, in Jay and Westfield, Orleans County, Vermont, of which it is the highest point. Most of the mountain is in Jay Peak State Forest. The mountain is named for the town of Jay in which much of the mountain except the peak area is located. The town of Jay, in turn, is named for the First Chief Justice of the United States and local landholder, John Jay. It is part of the northern Green Mountains. The mountain is flanked to the southwest by Big Jay, and to the north by North Jay Peak (3,438 ft / 1,048 m).

The mountain is in the watershed of the Missisquoi River, which drains into Lake Champlain, thence into Canada's Richelieu River, the Saint Lawrence River, and into the Gulf of Saint Lawrence. The south side of the mountain drains into Jay Brook, thence west into the Trout River and the Missisquoi River. The northwest side of the mountain drains into Black Falls Brook, and thence into the Trout River. The north and northeast sides of the mountain drain east into the Jay Branch of the Missisquoi River.

Jay Peak is the northernmost major mountain crossed by the Long Trail, a 272-mile (438-km) hiking trail running the length of Vermont.

The Jay Peak Resort is on the northeast side of Jay Peak.

History[edit]

On November 10, 1943, a Royal Canadian Air Force training plane crashed into the west side of the mountain near the top during a blinding snowfall killing one crew member.[3]

The summit of Jay Peak was originally higher. It was flattened somewhat to construct the Tram Haus for the Jay Peak Ski Resort.[citation needed]

In the mid 1950s brothers Ernest W. Gilpin and Wallace H. Gilpin, both state legislators and newspaper men, began and achieved their campaign to construct a highway over Jay Peak, to connect Troy to Montgomery. The Starr family of Troy donated portions of land for the right-of-way for the Vermont Route 242 construction.

The peaks across the highway to the south are named for the brothers Gilpin, "Gilpin Mountain," a stone monument was dedicated to them and sits at the main entrance to the Jay Peak Resort at the highway.

Jay Peak seen from Big Jay

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Jay Peak". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved 2013-01-29. 
  2. ^ "Jay Peak, Vermont". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2013-01-29. 
  3. ^ Wheeler, Scott (September 2008). "Military Airplane Slams into Jay Peak in 1943". Derb, Vermont: Northland Journal. pp. 26–30. 

External links[edit]