Jay Richard Kennedy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Jay Richard Kennedy (died 1991) was an author, screenwriter, composer, publisher, record executive, and Harry Belafonte's business manager.[1]

Early years[edit]

Kennedy was born Samuel Richard Solomonick either July 23, 1904 in Chicago, Illinois,[2] ca 1906 in Russia[3] or in the East Bronx in 1911.[4] Raised in the Bronx, he was the son of Isidor Solomonick (died 1974) and Erna E Solomonick (died 1967).

Leaving school in the seventh grade, Solomonick claimed he spent his teen years traveling around the country, working at about 28 trades and professions. Solomonick held a wide variety of jobs including running a cinema in the Bronx, working on a farm in Kansas, a bricklayer, longshoreman, wrangler, farmer, bricklayer, painter, printer and even nightclub singer. His job in a print shop lead him to join the trade union and he became an officer of an Industrial Printing Employees Union. An excellent speaker, Solomonick was drawn to left wing causes notably the American League Against War and Fascism later changing its name to the American League for Peace and Democracy and the People's Committee Against William Randolph Hearst. Solomonick then became a circulation manager of The Daily Worker the newspaper published by the Communist Party USA. Solomonick became an anti-communist with the signing of the 1939 Soviet-German Non-Aggression Pact. Finding himself unemployed and possibly unemployable due to his anti-communism, Solomonick conferred with his friend Andrew Loewi, whose family owned the Park Management Corporation, and Solomonick decided on changing his name upon seeing a sign reading "Kennedy".[4]

Kennedy went into business partnership in a tool and die firm called the Unique Specialties Corporation[5] followed by a real estate management organisation Kennedy Management Corporation that included investments in both the United States and Ecuador. With America's entry into World War II Kennedy wrote a Spanish language radio show called El Mysterioso that was broadcast in Latin America with a pro-American and anti-Fascist constant. From July 10, 1944 to May 20, 1952 the show appeared in an English language American version called The Man Called X starring Herbert Marshall.[6]

Post World War II[edit]

When his business partner Stanley Levison divorced his wife Janet Alterman Levison, the three remained friends with Kennedy marrying Janet (died May 25, 2003). After the war ended in 1945 Kennedy was employed by the United States Department of the Treasury. He approached Secretary Henry Morgenthau, Jr. and the Commissioner of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics Harry J. Anslinger that he tell the story of the Bureau's international work in cooperation with the United States Customs Service, United States Coast Guard and the Treasury with the understanding that the essential facts remain in focus. Kennedy and Sidney Buchman formed their own film company in Hollywood where he wrote and was credited as associate producer of To the Ends of the Earth a thriller about the international activities of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics. Due the cooperation of the United States Government, the Motion Picture Production Code Motion Picture Production Code was amended to allow for the screen portrayal of the worldwide effort to curb the illicit traffic in narcotics.[7] A planned film on the life of Franklin Delano Roosevelt was never made.

In the 1950s, he started a brokerage firm, Jay R. Kennedy Co. Inc. in New York.

In 1953 Kennedy published his first novel, Prince Bart: A Novel of Our Times about Hollywood with speculation the hero was based on John Garfield.[8]

Entertainer Harry Belafonte's manager Jack Rollins introduced Belafonte to the Kennedys in 1953. Dr Janet Alterman Kennedy a psychotherapist at Columbia University saw Belafonte on a frequent professional basis; in 1954 Belafonte replaced Rollins with Jay Kennedy as his manager. With his connections, Kennedy was able to book Belafonte in more prestigious locations.[9] and also co-wrote a musical stage show with and for Belafonte called Sing, Man Sing. Kennedy also became a business manager of actor Richard Conte.[10]

Kennedy returned to screenwriting with I'll Cry Tomorrow (1955) and updated his old radio show The Man Called X into a 1956 television series of the same name for Ziv Television.

In 1956, he received the National Brotherhood award from the Catholic Interracial Council. In the same year he joined ASCAP where his popular song compositions include "Shining Bright", "Blues Is Man", and "Eden Was Like This".

Later life[edit]

Maintaining his interest in left wing causes, Kennedy became an adviser to James L. Farmer, Jr. of the Congress of Racial Equality[11]

He moderated a TV panel discussion titled 'March on Washington . . . Report by the Leaders' of ten major leaders of the 1963 March on Washington for a production of Metropolitan Broadcasting Television and that was broadcast August 29, 1963[12]

During this time he also was a Federal Government informant as he believed Soviet and Red Chinese Communist agents were attempting to infiltrate and exploit the Civil Rights Movement for their own ends.[13] He befriended Elaine Brown who later joined the Black Panther Party.

In 1966 he became vice-president of Sinatra Enterprises where he headed the record and music-publishing divisions.[14] He also became a story editor for Sinatra where a screenplay he was originally planning for Sinatra, Spencer Tracy and Yul Brynner to be filmed in Hong Kong[15] was later filmed as The Chairman with Gregory Peck. It was also planned Sinatra and Sammy Davis Jr. would star in the filming of Kennedy's third novel Favor the Runner where Kennedy would write the screenplay and songs for the film.[16] In the same year he acted as executive producer and composer of the title song for The Jean Arthur Show.

In the 1970s, he studied psychotherapy and began putting his diverse background to use in his Center for Human Problems Inc. in Tarzana.

Kennedy died of heart failure[14] on October 14, 1991 in Westlake, Los Angeles.[2] He was survived by one daughter, Susan Hile.

Bibliography[edit]

Garrow, David J. The FBI and Martin Luther King, Jr. - From Solo to Memphis W.W. Norton and Company 2010

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Jay Richard Kennedy: Self-Made Writer, Stockbroker - Los Angeles Times". Articles.latimes.com. 1991-10-18. Retrieved 2013-12-05. 
  2. ^ a b Jay Richard Kennedy at the Internet Movie Database
  3. ^ New York, State Census, 1915
  4. ^ a b p.30 Garrow
  5. ^ p. 337 Karier, Clarence J. The Individual, Society, and Education: A History of American Educational Ideas University of Illinois Press, 1986
  6. ^ p.31 Garrow
  7. ^ Kennedy, Jay Richard An Approach to Pictures The Screen Writer June 1947
  8. ^ p. 35 Ottawa Citizen - February 7, 1953
  9. ^ pp.71-72 Fogelson, Genia Harry Belafonte Holloway House Publishing, 1980
  10. ^ p. 22 Actor Richard Conte's Bank Book Loaded The News and Courier - February 18, 1958
  11. ^ Belafonte, Harry My Song: A Memoir of Art, Race & Defiance Canongate Books, May 17, 2012
  12. ^ "Jay Richard Kennedy collection - The Civil Rights History Project: Survey of Collections and Repositories (The American Folklife Center, Library of Congress)". Loc.gov. Retrieved 2013-12-05. 
  13. ^ pp.139-141 Garrow
  14. ^ a b "Jay R. Kennedy, 80, Writer for the Screen - New York Times". Nytimes.com. 1991-10-17. Retrieved 2013-12-05. 
  15. ^ p.42 St. Petersburg Times - February 15, 1967
  16. ^ p. 5 J.R.K.: A One Man Band Billboard April 2, 1966

External links[edit]