Jaya Bachchan

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Jaya Bachchan
Jaya Bachchan48.jpg
Born Jaya Bhaduri
(1948-04-09) 9 April 1948 (age 66)
Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Occupation Actress, Politician
Years active 1963, 1971–1981, 1998–present
Spouse(s) Amitabh Bachchan (1973–present)
Children Shweta Nanda
Abhishek Bachchan

Jaya Bhaduri Bachchan (born Jaya Bhaduri; 9 April 1948) is an Indian actress and politician. She is an alumna of the Film and Television Institute of India, Pune. Jaya Bachchan is the wife of Amitabh Bachchan, and the mother of Shweta Bachchan-Nanda and Abhishek Bachchan. Bachchan is recognised as one of the finest Hindi film actresses of her time, particularly known for reinforcing a naturalistic style of acting in both mainstream and "middle-of-the-road" cinema.[1][2]

Making her film debut as a teenager in Satyajit Ray's Mahanagar (1963), Bachchan's first screen role as an adult was in Guddi (1971), directed by Hrishikesh Mukherjee, with whom she would collaborate in several films. She was noted for her performances in films, including Uphaar (1971), Koshish (1972), Kora Kagaz (1974), among others. She appeared alongside her husband Amitabh Bachchan in films such as Zanjeer (1973), Abhimaan (1973), Chupke Chupke (1975), Mili (1975) and Sholay (1975).

Following her marriage and the birth of her children, Bachchan restricted her film work for some years, and after her appearance in the 1981 film Silsila, she took an indefinite sabbatical from films. She returned to acting with Govind Nihlani's Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa in 1998. Since then, she has appeared in such films as Fiza (2000), Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham... (2001), Kal Ho Naa Ho (2003), which garnered her several awards and nominations.

During her career, she has won nine Filmfare Awards including three for Best Actress and three for Best Supporting Actress, which makes her the overall most-awarded performer in the female acting categories, along with Nutan. She was awarded the Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award in 2007.[3] In 1992, she was awarded the Padma Shri by the Government of India.

Early life[edit]

Jaya Bhaduri was born in Calcutta (now Kolkata) on (9 April 1948) to a Hindu Bengali family. Her mother is Indira Bhaduri and her father, Taroon Kumar Bhaduri, is a writer, journalist and stage artist in Kolkata. She studied in Loreto Convent, Shillong and at Loreto House, Calcutta. She studied at St Joseph's convent school, Bhopal. She was awarded the Best All-India N.C.C. Cadet Award during the Republic Day celebrations in 1966.[4] She later studied at the Film and Television Institute of India, Pune, completing her graduation there as a gold medalist.

Career[edit]

She started her career with a supporting role in Satyajit Ray's Bengali film, Mahanagar at the age of 15, with Anil Chatterjee and Madhabi Mukherjee. Prior to this, she had appeared in two Bengali films: a 13-minute short film, Suman,[5] and a Bengali comedy Dhanni Meye (1971), as Uttam Kumar's sister-in law.[6]

Inspired by her experience with Ray, she decided to join Film and Television Institute of India (FTII), Pune to learn acting, and passed out with the gold medal,[7] and she was also picked out to play the eponymous role of Guddi in the 1971 Hrishikesh Mukherjee film, Guddi in which she played a schoolgirl obsessed with film star Dharmendra.[8] Guddi was a success,[6] and she moved to Mumbai and soon picked other roles, however her role of a 14-year-old school girl, aided by her petite looks, created the girl-next-door image for her, which she was often associated with through the rest of her career. Though she tried to break out of the mould with glamourous roles as in Jawani Diwani (1972)[1] and a negative character of the heroine faking amnesia, in Anamika (1973), she was mostly recognised for roles of this sort, which were credited with epitomising middle-class sensibility and which she played amiably in films of "middle-cinema" directors like Gulzar, Basu Chatterjee and indeed Hrishikesh Mukherjee.[9] These films include Uphaar (1971), Piya Ka Ghar (1972), Parichay (1972), Koshish (1972) and Bawarchi (1972), with marked sensitivity.[8][10] By now, she was a popular star.[6]

In Gulzar's Koshish (1973), Bhaduri and Sanjeev Kumar played a deaf couple who struggle through their difficulties as handicapped people. She described the film as a "a learning experience" which motivated to do social work in future.[11]

She first acted with her future husband Amitabh Bachchan in the film, Bansi Birju (1972), followed by B.R. Ishara's Ek Nazar also in the same year.[6] Amitabh had undergone a string of flops, and when most lead heroines refused to work him, in Salim-Javed scripted, Zanjeer (1973), she stepped into the film. The film turned out to be hit and gave rise to Amitabh Bachchan's angry-young-man image.[12] This was closely followed by their pairing in films like Abhimaan (1973), Chupke Chupke (1975) and Sholay (1975).

Bachchan with her Husband Amitabh Bachchan.

Her daughter Shweta was born while Jaya and Amitabh were working on Sholay. Following this she retired from films and focused on raising her children. Her last film as a lead actress was Silsila (1981), opposite her husband. During the late 1980s she wrote the story for the film Shahenshah which starred her husband in the lead.

After a gap of film appearances for 18 years, she returned to acting with Govind Nihalani's Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa (1998), a film about the Naxalite movement. In 2000 she starred in Fiza for which she received the Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award for her work. She also starred in Karan Johar's family drama Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham (2001) with her husband. She then starred in Karan Johar's next film, Kal Ho Naa Ho (2003). She played the role of Preity Zinta's mother, Jennifer, for which she again received a Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award.[13]

In 2007 Laaga Chunari Mein Daag, she appeared with son Abhishek Bachchan.

As of January 2011, she is set to appear in a Bangladeshi film titled Meherjaan starring with Victor Banerjee and Humayun Faridi. The film is based on a Bangaladesh-Pakistan love story in the backdrop of 1971 Bangladesh atrocities. Its a story of Meherjaan (played by Jaya Bachchan), a Bangladeshi girl who falls in love with a Pakistani army officer who refuses to join the war and saves her from being raped by other Pakistani troops who do not however spare her cousin Neela and kill her father.[14]

Political career[edit]

Bachchan was elected[when?] as a Samajwadi Party member of parliament, representing Rajya Sabha, and in February 2010 she stated her intent to complete her term.[15][clarification needed] She was re-elected in 2012.

Controversies[edit]

Drona music release speech controversy[edit]

Bachchan's speech during the music launch of film Drona was criticized by some sections of politicians in Maharashtra. In response to the film's director, Goldie Behl, making his introductory speech in English, she said "Hum UP ke log hain, isliye Hindi mein baat karenge, Maharashtra ke log maaf kijiye". (We are from UP, so we will speak in Hindi. People of Maharashtra, please excuse us) Subsequently, she encouraged actress Priyanka Chopra to speak in Hindi.[16]

Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS) president Raj Thackeray commented that Jaya had no business alluding to all the people of Maharashtra in that statement. He threatened to ban all Bachchan films unless Jaya apologized in a public forum for hurting Maharashtrians. MNS workers began to attack theaters screening The Last Lear starring her husband, Amitabh Bachchan. Shiv Sena MP Sanjay Raut also criticized her statement saying: "After making all your success and fortune in Mumbai, if you feel like saying that, we are from UP, its very unfortunate." Amitabh Bachchan tendered an apology for her statements on her behalf.[17]

Personal life[edit]

Bachchan with husband Amitabh Bachchan, son Abhishek Bachchan and daughter-in-law Aishwariya Rai.

On 3 June 1973, she married actor Amitabh Bachchan. The couple has two children: Shweta Bachchan-Nanda and Abhishek Bachchan, who is also an actor. Shweta is married to industrialist Nikhil Nanda in Delhi, and has two children, Navya Naveli and Agastya Nanda,[18] while Abhishek Bachchan is married to Aishwarya Rai, also an actor, and has a daughter, Aaradhya.[19]

Awards and recognition[edit]

Civilian award[edit]

Filmfare Awards[edit]

Winner

Nominated

International Indian Film Academy Awards[edit]

Winner

Other film awards[edit]

Winner

Honours and recognitions[edit]

  • In 1998, she was honoured with the Omega Award for Excellence: Lifetime Achievement.[23]
  • 2000, Mumbai Academy of the Moving Image, an award for her "abiding contribution to Cinema".[24]
  • 2004, Lifetime Achievement Award at the Sansui Awards.[25]
  • 2010, Lifetime Achievement Award at the "Tongues on Fire" film festival in London.[26][27]
  • 2012, Lifetime Achievement Award at Jaipur International Film Festival (JIFF).[28]
  • 2013, Master Deenanath Mangeshkar (Vishesh Puraskar) Award for her dedicated services to Indian theatre and cinema.[29]
  • She is a recipient of the "Yash Bharati Samman", UP state's highest award from the Government of Uttar Pradesh.[30]

Filmography[edit]

Year Film Role Other notes
1963 Mahanagar Bani Bengali film
1971 Guddi Kusum/Guddi Nominated—Filmfare Best Actress Award
1971 Dhanni Meye Monasha Bengali film
1971 Uphaar Mrinmayi/Meenu Nominated—Filmfare Best Actress Award
1972 Jawani Diwani Neeta Thakur
1972 Bawarchi Krishna Sharma
1972 Parichay Rama
1972 Bansi Birju Bansi
1972 Piya Ka Ghar Malti
1972 Annadata
1972 Ek Nazar Shabnam
1972 Samadhi
1972 Koshish Aarti Mathur Nominated—Filmfare Best Actress Award
1972 Shor Raat Ki Rani/Rani
1972 Jai Jawan Jai Makan
1973 Gaai Aur Gori Neeta Thakur
1973 Anamika Anamika/Kanchan/Archana
1973 Phagun Krishna Sharma
1973 Zanjeer Mala
1973 Abhimaan Uma Kumar Filmfare Best Actress Award
1974 Aahat
1974 Dil Diwana
1974 Kora Kagaz Archana Gupta Filmfare Best Actress Award
1974 Naya Din Nai Raat
1974 Doosri Sita
1975 Mili Mili Khanna Nominated—Filmfare Best Actress Award
1975 Chupke Chupke Vasudha Kumar
1975 Sholay Radha
1977 Abhi To Jee Lein Jaya
1978 Ek Baap Chhe Bete
1979 Nauker Geeta Filmfare Best Actress Award
1981 Silsila Shobha Malhotra Nominated—Filmfare Best Actress Award
1998 Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa Sujata Chatterji
2000 Fiza Mother Nishatbi Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award
2001 Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham... Nandini Raichand Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award
2002 Koi Mere Dil Se Poochhe Mansi Devi
2003 Kal Ho Naa Ho Jennifer Kapur Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award
2007 Laaga Chunari Mein Daag Sabitri Sahay
2008 Lovesongs
2008 Drona Queen Jayanti
2010 Aap Ke Liye Hum
2011 Meherjaan Meher Bangladeshi film
2013 Sunglass / Taak Jhaank Bengali / Hindi

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Gulzar, p. 457
  2. ^ Somaaya, Bhaawana (22 December 2000). "His humility appears misplaced". The Hindu. Retrieved 2011-09-19. "Probably the only actress to make a virtue out of simplicity, Jaya was the first whiff of realistic acting in an era when showbiz was bursting with mannequins" 
  3. ^ "Jaya Bachchan". Retrieved 2012-05-22. 
  4. ^ Dawar, p. 55
  5. ^ Suman (35mm / B&W / 13 min)
  6. ^ a b c d Dawar, p. 56
  7. ^ Gulzar, p. 526
  8. ^ a b Banerjee, p. 93
  9. ^ Gulzar, p. 91
  10. ^ Gulzar, p. 396
  11. ^ Maheshwari, Belu (23 August 1998). "I will not allow anyone to dictate terms to me". The Tribune. Retrieved 2011-09-19. 
  12. ^ "Another time, another wedding". The Telegraph. 22 April 2007. 
  13. ^ "Jaya Bachchan – Awards". Bollywood Hungama. Retrieved 2010-06-29. 
  14. ^ "Pak-Bangla love flick starring Jaya Bachchan ready for release". Indian Express. 20 January 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-06. 
  15. ^ IANS (3 February 2010). "I'm too upfront for politics: Jaya Bachchan". The Times of India. Retrieved 2010-06-29. [dead link]
  16. ^ "rediff.com: Jaya Bachchan's controversial clip". Specials.rediff.com. Retrieved 2010-07-28. 
  17. ^ "Raj Thackeray: I accept Amitabh's apology". Rediff.com. 11 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-11. 
  18. ^ Singh, Sanghita (18 May 2002). "Nikhil Nanda: The business of life". The Times of India. 
  19. ^ "Interesting Facts and Figures : Jaya Bhaduri Bachchan". Sindh Today. 25 March 2009. 
  20. ^ BFJA Awards[dead link]
  21. ^ BFJA Awards[dead link]
  22. ^ "dharma-production.com". dharma-production.com. Retrieved 2011-06-06. [dead link]
  23. ^ "Welcome to Brite Ideas — The Omega Rohit Bal Fashion show". Briteideas.org. Retrieved 2011-06-06. 
  24. ^ "Archives 2000". Mumbai Academy of the Moving Image. Retrieved 2011-10-08. 
  25. ^ mid-day.com[dead link]
  26. ^ "zeenews.com". Spicezee.zeenews.com. Retrieved 2011-06-06. 
  27. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/features/cinema/article109740.ece Jaya Bachchan to receive ‘Lifetime Achievement Award’ in London], 19 February 2010, The Hindu
  28. ^ "Lifetime achievement award for Jaya Bachchan". timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 25 January 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-29. 
  29. ^ "timesofindia.indiatimes.com". Jaya Bachchan to be presented Deenanath Mangeshkar Award. Retrieved 9 April 2013. 
  30. ^ "apunkachoice". apunkachoice. 12 November 2006. Retrieved 2011-06-06. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]