Jazz at Massey Hall

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Jazz at Massey Hall
Live album by The Quintet
Released 1953
Recorded 15 May 1953
Massey Hall, Toronto
Genre Jazz
Length 46:54
Label Debut/OJC
America Records (France)
Producer Charles Mingus
Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 5/5 stars[1]
Robert Christgau A[2]

Jazz at Massey Hall is a live jazz album featuring a performance by "The Quintet" given on 15 May 1953 at Massey Hall in Toronto. The quintet was composed of several leading 'modern' players of the day: Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Parker, Bud Powell, Charles Mingus, and Max Roach. It was the only time that the five men recorded together as a unit, and it was the last recorded meeting of Parker and Gillespie.[3]

Background[edit]

The first pianist considered by the organizers was Lennie Tristano, but he suggested Powell as a more appropriate match for the other musicians.[4] Oscar Pettiford was considered as an alternative to Mingus.[4]

The concert[edit]

Parker played a Grafton saxophone on this date; he could not be listed on the original album cover for contractual reasons, so was billed as "Charlie Chan", an allusion to the fictional detective and to Parker's wife Chan.

The original plan was for the Toronto New Jazz Society and the musicians to share the profits from the recording. However, owing to a boxing prize fight between Rocky Marciano and Jersey Joe Walcott taking place simultaneously, the audience was so small that the Society was unable to pay the musicians' fees. The musicians were all given NSF checks, and only Parker was able to actually cash his; Gillespie complained that he did not receive his fee "for years and years".

Album releases[edit]

The record was originally issued on Mingus's label Debut, from a recording made by the Toronto New Jazz Society (Dick Wattam, Alan Scharf, Roger Feather, Boyd Raeburn and Arthur Granatstein[5][6]). Mingus took the recording to New York where he and Max Roach dubbed in the bass lines, which were under-recorded on most of the tunes, and exchanged Mingus soloing on "All the Things You Are".

A 2004 reissue, Complete Jazz at Massey Hall,[7] contains the full concert, without the overdubbing.

Jazz at Massey Hall was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 1995.[8] It is included in National Public Radio's "Basic Jazz Library".[9] The concert was issued in some territories under the tag "the greatest jazz concert ever".

Track listing[edit]

(Originally issued as two 10" LPs:)

Vol. 1 (Debut DLP-2)

  1. "Perdido" (Juan Tizol, Hans Lengfelder, Ervin M. Drake)
  2. "Salt Peanuts" (Dizzy Gillespie, Kenny Clarke)
  3. "All the Things You Are" (Jerome Kern, Oscar Hammerstein II)
  4. "52nd Street Theme" (Thelonious Monk)

Vol. 3 (Debut DLP-4)

  1. "Wee (Allen's Alley)" (Denzil Best)
  2. "Hot House" (Tadd Dameron)
  3. "A Night in Tunisia" (Gillespie, Frank Paparelli)

(Vol. 2 consists of the trio recordings of Powell, Mingus and Roach from the same date - all but "I've Got You Under My Skin", and one track by Billy Taylor with Mingus and Roach from a later date.)

(Issued as 12" LP:)

(Debut DEB-124)

  1. "Perdido" (Juan Tizol, Hans Lengfelder, Ervin M. Drake)
  2. "Salt Peanuts" (Dizzy Gillespie, Kenny Clarke)
  3. "All the Things You Are" (Jerome Kern, Oscar Hammerstein II)
  4. "52nd Street Theme" (Thelonious Monk)
  5. "Wee (Allen's Alley)" (Denzil Best)
  6. "Hot House" (Tadd Dameron)
  7. "A Night in Tunisia" (Gillespie, Frank Paparelli)

(The 2004 reissue contains fourteen tracks, of which nos. 5 through 11 are without Parker and Gillespie:)

  1. "Perdido" (Juan Tizol, Hans Lengfelder, Ervin M. Drake)
  2. "Salt Peanuts" (Dizzy Gillespie, Kenny Clarke)
  3. "All the Things You Are" (Jerome Kern, Oscar Hammerstein II)
  4. "52nd Street Theme" (Thelonious Monk)
  5. "Drum Conversation" (Max Roach)
  6. "Cherokee" (Ray Noble)
  7. "Embraceable You" (George Gershwin, Ira Gershwin)
  8. "Hallelujah (Jubilee)" (Grey, Robin, Youmans)
  9. "Sure Thing" (Bud Powell)
  10. "Lullaby of Birdland" (Shearing, Weiss)
  11. "I've Got You Under My Skin" (Porter)
  12. "Wee (Allen's Alley)" (Denzil Best)
  13. "Hot House" (Tadd Dameron)
  14. "A Night in Tunisia" (Gillespie, Frank Paparelli)

Personnel[edit]

An album of a trio set played by Powell, Mingus and Roach at the concert was also issued (tracks 6 through 11 above).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yanow, Scott (2011). "Jazz at Massey Hall - The Quintet | AllMusic". allmusic.com. Retrieved 1 August 2011. 
  2. ^ Christgau, Robert (December 18, 2012). "The Quintet/Charlie Parker". MSN Music. Microsoft. Retrieved December 18, 2012. 
  3. ^ Brian Priestley Mingus. A Critical Biography, London: Palladin, 1985, p.63.
  4. ^ a b Shim, Eunmi (2007). Lennie Tristano – His Life in Music. University of Michigan Press. pp. 86–87. ISBN 978-0-472-11346-0. 
  5. ^ Hoffman, Stewart, "The Greatest Jazz Concert Ever: Jazz at Massey Hall, May 15, 1953
  6. ^ Abocar, Amran, "Canada Relives 'Greatest' Jazz Concert after 50 Years, E Jazz News, May 20, 2003
  7. ^ Allmusic.com "Complete Jazz at Massey Hall"
  8. ^ Grammy Hall of Fame Database
  9. ^ Horwitz, Murray; A.B. Spellman (2005-06-23). "Charlie Parker: 'Jazz at Massey Hall'". Retrieved 2008-10-11. 

Sources[edit]

  • Mark Miller. Cool Blues: Charlie Parker in Canada 1953. London, Ontario: Nightwood Editions, 1989. This is the definitive account of the concert events.
  • Richard Cook & Brian Morton. The Penguin Guide to Jazz on CD 6th edition. ISBN 0-14-051521-6
  • Geoffrey Haydon "Quintet of the Year", Aurum Press, London, 2002.

External links[edit]