|President of the European Central Bank|
1 November 2003 – 31 October 2011
|Vice President||Lucas Papademos
|Preceded by||Wim Duisenberg|
|Succeeded by||Mario Draghi|
|Governor of the Bank of France|
September 1993 – 1 November 2003
|Preceded by||Jacques de Larosière|
|Succeeded by||Christian Noyer|
April 2012 – April 2015
|Preceded by||Leszek Balcerowicz|
20 December 1942 |
|Alma mater||École nationale supérieure des mines de Nancy
Institut d'Études Politiques de Paris
École nationale d'administration
Jean-Claude Trichet (French: [ʒɑ̃ klod tʁiʃɛ]; born 20 December 1942) is a French civil servant who was the president of the European Central Bank from 2003 to 2011. He is also a member of the Board of Directors of the Bank for International Settlements. In 2008, Trichet ranked fifth on Newsweek’s list of the world's most powerful along with economic triumvirs Ben Bernanke (fourth) and Masaaki Shirakawa (sixth).
Born in Lyon, Trichet was educated at the École des Mines de Nancy, from which he graduated in 1964. He later trained at the Institut d'études politiques de Paris (best known as Sciences Po), finishing in 1966, and the École nationale d'administration (ENA) from 1969–1971, two French higher education institutions in the field of political science and state administration.
In 1987 Trichet became a member of an influential Washington-based financial advisory body, the Group of Thirty. Later, in 1993 he was appointed governor of Banque de France. On 1 November 2003 he took Wim Duisenberg's place as president of the European Central Bank. (Most European Union leaders present at a 1998 special summit believed that Wim Duisenberg had agreed to a compromise with the French representatives and would step down from his office halfway through his eight-year term.)
On 1/26/2012, the board of the European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company approved the nomination of JC Trichet to the Board (to be formally validated by the General Assembly of shareholders on 5/31/12), where he will represent (with Dominique d’Hinnin of the Lagardère Group) the Sogeade - the structure bearing the French shareholders' interests.
On April 2012, Trichet was also appointed Bruegel's new chairman for a period of three years. He will chair an 11-member Board, appointed by Bruegel’s members, whose main task is to make decisions on the think-tank’s strategy.
In January 2003, Trichet was put on trial with eight others charged with irregularities at Crédit Lyonnais, one of France's biggest banks. Trichet was in charge of the French treasury at that time. He was cleared in June 2003, which left the way clear for him to move to the ECB.
2009 banking crisis
Within the European Central Bank, Trichet strongly resisted any contemplation of Greece defaulting on its debt. It was only in October 2011, with the end of his term imminent, that consensus was reached to allow a 50% cut in the value of Greek bonds.
Trichet has been criticised for the ECB's response to the Great Recession, which emphasised price stability over recovery and growth. He was also criticized when he refused to answer a question about a possible conflict of interests concerning his successor's involvement at Goldman Sachs before taking charge as head of the ECB.
At age 22, he married Aline Rybalka, a diplomat and translator whose parents immigrated to France from Ukraine. They have two sons: Pierre-Alexis Trichet (born 1972), a marketing strategy director at telecommunications company Orange SA; and Jean-Nicolas Trichet (born 1974), a musician and producer.
Honours and awards
- France: Commander of the Legion of Honour
- France: Officer of the National Order of Merit
- Germany: Grand Cross 1st Class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany (2011)
- Hesse: Knight of the Hessian Order of Merit (2011)
- Luxembourg: Vision for Europe Award, for his contributions toward greater European integration (2008)
- Netherlands: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Orange-Nassau (21 January 2011)
- Poland: Grand Cross with Star of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland (2011).
- Portugal: Grand Cross of the Order of Prince Henry (6 May 2010)
- "Economic Triumvirate: 4. Ben Bernanke 5. Jean-Claude Trichet 6. Masaaki Shirakawa". Newsweek. 20 December 2008. Retrieved 2011-03-20.
- http://bourse.lefigaro.fr/indices-actions/actu-conseils/jean-claude-trichet-devient-administrateur-d-eads-58750 lefigaro.fr 1/26/2012
- http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/27/business/global/trichet-likely-to-join-board-of-airbus-parent.html nytimes.com, 1/26/2012
- "About the Trilateral Commission - European Region". www.trilateral.org. Retrieved 2013-04-03.
- "Steering Committee". bilderbergmeetings.org. Bilderberg Group. Retrieved 2014-02-08.
- "Top Euro banker cleared of scandal cover-up". BBC News. 18 June 2003. Retrieved 2007-08-15.
- Landon Thomas Jr.; Stephen Castle (5 November 2011). "The Denials That Trapped Greece". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
- "An Impeccable Disaster". New York Times. 11 Sep 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-12.
- Paul Krugman (1 December 2011). "The Summer of Confidence". The Conscience of a Liberal. The New York Times. Retrieved 4 December 2011.
- "LIENS DRAGHI-GOLDMAN SACHS : TRICHET RESTE MUET (ARTE)". Arret Sur Images. Retrieved 9 September 2014.
- Bloomberg: "Trichet Proving Prophet-Making No Panacea in Recovery" By Simon Kennedy and Jana Randow August 21, 2009
- "ECB-president Trichet ontvangt koninklijke onderscheiding". Government of the Netherlands. 21 January 2011. Retrieved 4 May 2013.
- Postanowienie Prezydenta Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej dnia 31 sierpnia 2011 r. (M.P. Nr 108, poz. 1090)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jean-Claude Trichet.|
- Speech on 'The External and Internal Dimensions of Europe’s Competitiveness' at IIEA, 26 February 2009
Jacques de Larosière
|Governor of the Bank of France
|President of the European Central Bank