|Cardinal-Archbishop Emeritus of Montreal|
|Appointed||17 March 1990|
|Term ended||20 March 2012|
|Other posts||Cardinal-Priest of Nostra Signora del Santissimo Sacramento e Santi Martiri Canadesi|
|Ordination||24 May 1959
by Laurent Morin
|Consecration||9 June 1982
by Paul Card. Grégoire
|Created Cardinal||26 November 1994|
June 26, 1936 |
Montréal, Québec, Canada
|Coat of arms|
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
Jean-Claude Turcotte (born June 26, 1936) is a Roman Catholic cardinal. His full title is "Cardinal Priest of Our Lady of the Blessed Sacrament and the Holy Canadian Martyrs". He was Roman Catholic Bishop of Montreal from 1990 to 2012.
Born in Montreal, Turcotte attended Collège André-Grasset from 1947 to 1955 and then studied at the Grand Seminaire. He was ordained a priest on May 24, 1959. In 1965 he earned a diploma in social ministry in Lille, France. On April 14, 1982, his appointment as the titular bishop of Suas (a titular see in what is today Tunisia) and auxiliary bishop of Montreal was announced. He was consecrated on June 29 that year. When Pope John Paul II visited Canada in 1984, Turcotte organized his visit to Montreal.
|Ordination history of Jean-Claude Turcotte|
|Principal consecrator||Paul Card. Grégoire (Montreal)|
|Date of consecration||June 29, 1982|
|Bishops consecrated by Jean-Claude Turcotte as principal consecrator|
|Vital Massé (Auxiliary Saint-Jérôme aux.)||December 8, 1993|
|Neil E. Willard (Montreal aux.)||August 15, 1995|
|André Rivest (Montreal aux.)||August 15, 1995|
|Anthony Mancini (Montreal aux.)||March 25, 1999|
|Louis Dicaire (Montreal aux.)||March 25, 1999|
|Luc Cyr (Valleyfield)||June 17, 2001|
|Émilius Goulet (Saint-Boniface)||September 16, 2001|
|André Gazaille (Montreal aux.)||March 25, 2006|
|Lionel Gendron (Montreal aux.)||March 25, 2006|
He was appointed Archbishop of Montreal on March 17, 1990. John Paul II appointed him a Cardinal-Priest of Nostra Signora del SS. Sacramento e Santi Martiri Canadesi on February 28, 1994. From 1997 to 2000 he was president of the Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops. Turcotte has participated in the 1993, 1997, 2000, and 2002 World Youth Days.
Turcotte is known for his work with the poor and writes a weekly religion column in the Sunday edition of the Journal de Montréal. In 1997, he gave his opinion about Quebec being a distinct society.
He was a voting member (cardinal elector) of the College of Cardinals in the 2005 papal conclave. Margaret Hebblethwaite, co-author of the book The Next Pope, identified him as papabile. Other books and the BBC also identified him as a long-shot possibility for Pope.
Daniel Cere, head of the Newman Centre at McGill University, told The Toronto Star that Turcotte "is very much a pastoral figure, much like John Paul II." A Toronto priest told the newspaper he was "your man if you want a pastoral bon vivant Pope John XXIII figure." John Allen wrote in the 2002 book Conclave that Turcotte was seen as a "diamond in the rough, a potentially magnificent leader who is still finding his way." His lack of proficiency in the Italian language, as well as his lack of international experience, were seen as shortcomings. Turcotte is eligible to participate and vote in any future conclaves before his 80th birthday on 26 June 2016.
In 2007, Turcotte presided over the funeral of Supreme Court judge Antonio Lamer, who controversially decided to remove all restrictions to abortion in Tremblay v. Daigle in 1989. At the funeral, Turcotte praised Lamer as “a giant of the law” and a man “who worked a great deal for justice”. He was not, however, directly addressing the subject of abortion when he spoke those words.
On September 11, 2008, Turcotte returned his Order of Canada (appointed in 1996) insignia in protest of the induction of pro-choice activist Henry Morgentaler on July 1, 2008. The return of his insignia happened later than that of others who had protested against Morgentaler's entry because Turcotte had hoped that the Consultative Council for the Order of Canada would revise its decision. Eventually, fearing that his silence on the matter might be misinterpreted, Turcotte renounced his title Officer of the Order of Canada and returned his insignia. This became effective on June 1, 2009.
In 2009, Turcotte said in an interview that "I can understand that in certain cases, there is almost no other choice than to practice (abortion)", which was seen as controversial in light of his previous condemnation of Morgentaler.
- Cardinal Turcotte on Quebec independence
- Antonio Lamer 'liberated' Canada for abortion
- "Cardinal Turcotte gives back Order of Canada". CBC News. September 11, 2008.
- "Resignations from the Order of Canada".
- "I can understand abortion": Montreal cardinal
- Copps 'facts' denied
- ¨Montreal Catholics vote for women, married men as priests
- Cardinal Turcotte on catholic-pages.com
- Cardinal Turcotte on catholic-hierarchy.org
- Cardinal Turcotte at Diocese of Montreal
- Cardinal Turcotte's column in the Journal de Montréal (in French)
- Qui succédera à Jean-Paul II? (Le Canal Nouvelles, April 2, 2005; in French)
- John L. Allen, Jr., Conclave: The Politics, Personalities, and Process of the Next Papal Election ISBN 0-385-50453-5
- "Montreal cardinal 'long shot'" (Toronto Star, April 4, 2005, page A7)
- "Declaration by Cardinal Jean-Claude Turcotte, Archbishop of Montreal", 
|Catholic Church titles|
|Roman Catholic Archbishop of Montreal